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Lord McNair asked Her Majesty's Government:

Lord Whitty: The terms of reference for each study will be announced once they have been agreed by members of the steering groups which are being established to take forward each study. We expect the first such announcement to be made shortly, and to finalise the terms of reference for all the first tranche of multi-modal studies this summer.

Lord McNair asked Her Majesty's Government:

Lord Whitty: The Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions is currently preparing guidance on the methodology for the multi-modal studies, which will set out the range of options which the studies should consider. This will cover all transport modes and other policies such as land-use planning.

Proponents and operators of all transport alternatives will be consulted in the course of the studies, and OPRAF and the Highways Agency will be invited to sit on the steering group for each study.

Lord McNair asked Her Majesty's Government:

Lord Whitty: The multi-modal studies are intended as an input into the process of preparing regional transport strategies in each region which will provide

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the regional framework within which other regional partners will operate.

Lord McNair asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What role the Regional Development Agencies have in determining the direction of and the use made of the multi-modal transport studies.[HL2662]

Lord Whitty: The Regional Development Agencies are important regional stakeholders and we expect them to be invited to sit on the steering group for each study. Draft PPG11 makes clear that the RDAs should be involved in the preparation of the draft regional transport strategies, which will be informed by the results of these studies.

Flight Crew Licensing

Lord Rotherwick asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether the full financial impact of the Joint Aviation Requirement-Flight Crew Licensing (JAR-FCL) has been considered; and[HL2731]

    Whether the results of Regulatory Impact Assessments of the Joint Aviation Requirement-Flight Crew Licensing (JAR-FCL) have been agreed with user organisations.[HL2732]

Lord Whitty: The Joint Aviation Requirement-Flight Crew Licensing (JAR-FCL) was adopted by the Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA) on 8 October 1996 and sets a common standard for flight crew licences. Organisations representing all aviation sectors participated in the preparation of JAR-FCL and fully endorsed its contents. The UK is obliged by Council Regulation 3922/91 and the JAA Arrangements to implement all JARs by the due date, and the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) has been progressively introducing the technical requirements of JAR-FCL since it was adopted.

The CAA has drafted amendments to the Air Navigation Order to give full effect to JAR-FCL. These will be submitted to the department shortly and will be accompanied by a Regulatory Impact Assessment which sets out the costs and benefits of the legislative changes to individual pilots. The Regulatory Impact Assessment covers the amendments to the Air Navigation Order and does not extend to the associated technical requirements. The CAA has consulted aviation interests in producing the Regulatory Impact Assessment. I understand that the airline industry has not commented. Some in the general aviation sector have made representations and the CAA has amended the Regulatory Impact Assessment in the light of those representations.

Kosovo: United States Policy

Baroness Rawlings asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What verification they have sought of the report in the 24 May edition of Newsweek magazine that several weeks ago the United States Joint Chiefs of

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    Staff wrote to the United States Secretary of Defense saying that ground troops must be committed to "guarantee fulfilment of the Administration's political objectives"; whether they agree with this assessment; and what is their response to suggestions that it confirms the existence of a gap between the political and military leadership of NATO; andHL2628

    What is their response to criticism this week by General Colin Powell, the former head of the United States Joint Chiefs of Staff, that NATO's current policy towards Yugoslavia hands President Milosevic a veto over the Alliance's action by effectively allowing him, and not NATO, to decide when ground troops can enter Kosovo to oversee the return of Kosovo Albanian refugees.[HL2629]

The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence (Lord Gilbert): President Milosevic has no veto over decisions on NATO's ground deployments. NATO's air campaign is steadily degrading the capability of Serbian military, police and paramilitary forces to conduct ethnic cleansing in Kosovo and is increasing the pressure on President Milosevic to agree to NATO'S conditions for a political settlement. A ground force to assist the safe return of refugees is assembling in Macedonia and plans for a ground deployment are being continuously assessed by NATO. This approach is supported by all members of the Alliance.

The internal correspondence of NATO members is a matter for the nation involved.

Kosovo: Deployment of Apache Helicopters

Baroness Rawlings asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Why the fleet of 24 Apache AH-64 helicopters declared ready for use in Kosovo after training in Albania have not yet gone into action; and whether they are to be used at all.[HL2630]

Lord Gilbert: The Apache helicopters currently based in Albania are under US national command. A decision on their deployment into Kosovo or Serbia is, therefore, a matter for the US authorities.

Mr. Abdullah Ocalan: Trial

Lord Hylton asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Which members of the staff of the British Embassy in Ankara they anticipate will attend the trail of Mr. Abdullah Ocalan; and what responses they have received to their representations to the Turkish Government concerning attacks on, and death threats against, Mr. Ocalan's defence counsel.[HL2558]

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean: We hope that Members of the Political Section from the Embassy in Ankara or the Consultate-General in Istanbul will be able to attend the trial of Mr. Ocalan.

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In response to concerns raised by the German Presidency of the EU on 5 May, the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs regretted the reported mistreatment of Mr. Ocalan's lawyers. They reiterated the commitment of the Turkish authorities to the principle of Mr. Ocalan receiving the best defence possible in an unhindered way.

Kosovo: NATO Unity

Baroness Rawlings asked Her Majesty's Government:

    In the light of Greece's call on 19 May for a 48-hour cease-fire in Kosovo, whether this contrasts with the Prime Minister's recent statements; whether they are concerned that there are divisions between NATO member governments over the handling of the crisis on Kosovo; and whether they are concerned that such a division could undermine the message being sent to President Milosevic by NATO's air operation.[HL2627]

Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean: NATO is united in its demands on President Milosevic to stop repression in Kosovo; withdraw from Kosovo his military, police and paramilitary units; agree to the stationing in Kosovo of an international military presence; agree to the return of all refugees and unhindered access to them by humanitarian aid organisations; and work for the establishment of a political agreement based on the Rambouillet Accords.

A number of proposals have been made for how to achieve these objectives including those formulated jointly by the Greek and Czech Governments. We shall continue to work with Allies and partners to achieve our shared objectives.

Bulgaria: Missile Incidents

Lord Kennet asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether there have been three incidents of a "missile falling in Bulgarian territory during the past two weeks", as stated by the Bulgarian Interior Minister on 29 April.[HL2403]

Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean: Since the beginning of the current conflict in Kosovo, there have been a total of six incidents of missiles falling on Bulgarian territory. NATO has admitted that five of these came from NATO aircraft, in error. The sixth is believed to have been a Yugoslav missile. None of these incidents has caused injuries.

NATO is in close contact with the Bulgarian authorities, and both sides are working to avoid further incidents.

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Kosovo: US Policy towards KLA

Lord Kennet asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether the alleged arrangements set out in Question HL2439 have been put into effect by the United States authorities, whether this has been agreed by all members of the Contact Group or the NATO Council, and whether it indicates a long-term preference for the KLA's declared "government" rather than Mr. Rugova's unofficial but elected government.[HL2440]

Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean: This is a matter for the US Government.

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