Select Committee on European Communities Twenty-First Report



Terms are here defined in the sense in which they are used in this Report
Accession Partnership Agreement between the EU and each CEE applicant State designed to enable the applicant State to align itself as far as possible with the Union acquis prior to accession (see paragraph 43)
Association Agreement Agreement between the EU and another State providing for the creation of a free trade area for industrial goods and other measures intended to integrate its economy with those of western Europe, together with provisions for political dialogue (also known as Europe Agreement)
Acquis communautaire Also referred to simply as acquis: the whole range of principles, policies, laws, practices, obligations and objectives that have been agreed or that have developed within the European Union, including most notably the Treaties, the existing subordinate legislation (for example EC regulations and directives), and the judgments of the European Court of Justice
CAPCommon Agricultural Policy
CEECentral and Eastern European
ChaptersSections into which the acquis (qv) has been divided for the purpose of negotiations with applicant States (see paragraph 44)
Composite PaperCouncil document 10253/99: Composite Paper - Reports on Progress towards accession by each of the candidate countries, October 1999 (see paragraph 5)
Copenhagen criteriaThe criteria agreed at the June 1993 Copenhagen European Council which applicant States would be required to meet before they could be admitted to the EU (see paragraph 37)
EU15The present Member States of the European Union
Europe AgreementAssociation Agreement qv
FlexibilityCloser co-operation among a core of Member States using the institutions, procedures and mechanisms provided for in the EC Treaty and TEU; there are additional criteria for such co-operation under the First (Community) Pillar (Article 11 EC) and the Third (Intergovernmental) Pillar (Article 40 TEU)
First waveThose States with which accession negotiations were opened in 1998 (the CEE States of the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Poland and Slovenia, together with Cyprus)
IGCInter-Governmental Conference
Institution buildingStrengthening the candidate States' administrative and judicial capacity to enforce and implement the acquis (qv)
ISPAInstrument for Structural Policies for Pre-Accession: new EU fund (from 2000) for pre-accession aid for investment particularly in transport and environment
PHAREPoland and Hungary Assistance for Economic Restructuring: the acronym has been retained even though assistance from the fund is now also available to Albania, Bosnia Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Rumania, Slovakia, Slovenia, the Czech Republic and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Principle of differentiationThe principle that the pace of progress towards accession should depend on the individual progress of each candidate State towards meeting the Copenhagen criteria (qv)
Pre-insThe second wave States (qv)
Regatta principleThe principle (advocated by some Member States at the December 1997 Luxembourg European Council) whereby accession negotiations with all applicants would begin at the same time
RomaThose gypsy communities of Central Europe which are not integrated into their surrounding societies
SAPARDSpecial Accession Programme for Agriculture and Rural Development: new EU fund (from 2000) to help candidate countries deal with the problems of structural adjustment in their agricultural sectors and rural areas, and to implement the acquis communautaire (qv) concerning the CAP (qv) and related legislation for pre-accession aid for agricultural and rural development.
Second wave Those States with which the December 1997 Luxembourg European Council agreed that accession negotiations should start later (the CEE States of Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, and Slovakia, together with Malta)
"Three wise men"The Group (consisting of former Belgian Prime Minister Jean-Luc Dehaene, ex-German President Richard von Weizsäcker and former British Minister of State Lord Simon) which produced the report to the European Commission on the institutional implications of enlargement, issued on 18 October 1999 (see paragraphs 60-65)
TwinningThe long-term secondment of officials from government departments, regional bodies, public agencies and professional organisations in the Member States to corresponding bodies in the candidate countries

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