Lindsay Patricia Granshaw, having been created Baroness Northover, of Cissbury in the County of West Sussex, for life--Was, in her robes, introduced between the Baroness Williams of Crosby and the Lord McNally.
Peter Richard Grenville Layard, Esquire, having been created Baron Layard, of Highgate in the Borough of Haringey, for life--Was, in his robes, introduced between the Baroness Blackstone and the Lord Hollick.
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions (Lord Whitty): My Lords, we remain committed to moving to directly elected regional government in England where there is a demand for it. First, however, the English regions themselves, including the voluntary regional chambers, regional development agencies and others, will need to develop--and, indeed, are developing--their own views and thereby contribute to moving forward.
Lord Roberts of Conwy: My Lords, I am grateful to the Minister for that reply. However, can he tell the House how many specific requests for regional assemblies the Government have received from English regions and what, in that case, has been their response? Is there to be a referendum in each such region?
Lord Whitty: My Lords, I am not sure that I can reply to the noble Lord in the terms that he asks the question. The position is that a significant number of people in local government and business in many regions of England have indicated support. The north-east probably has the most advanced and widespread support for an English region. It is clear that different
Lord Borrie: My Lords, bearing in mind the unfortunately low poll in recent local elections, what does the Minister mean by the sufficiency of demand in a region? Does he mean a majority of all the electors in an area or a majority of those who happen to vote on a particular occasion?
Lord Whitty: My Lords, whether we like it or not, the tradition in this country is to take the balance of those who vote. Clearly, in setting up a new constitutional structure it would be desirable to ensure a higher turnout. However, were we to conduct a referendum in any English region, the result would be based on the majority of those who vote.
Lord Lamont of Lerwick: My Lords, in any election where fewer than 35 per cent of the electorate voted, would it not be a good idea if that tier of government were abolished until the next election? Would that not save unnecessary tiers of government, save a lot of public money, be completely democratic, solve the Government's problems in London and enable us to get rid of both the Mayor of London and the European Parliament?
Lord Whitty: My Lords, that is a novel notion which appears to have a superficial attraction to certain noble Lords. However, I believe that from time to time it would lead to the abolition of a number of parliamentary constituencies which were subject to by-elections and also to the abolition of a significant number of older councils. Surely, our objective must be not to abolish local government and local accountability but to try to ensure that a larger proportion of the electorate takes an interest in those matters. That involves bringing in decision-making at the appropriate level. We believe that in England too many decisions, which would more sensibly be taken at a regional level, are still taken centrally.
The Lord Bishop of Durham: My Lords, I was glad to hear the Minister refer to the north-east a moment ago. I wonder whether he will reaffirm that he is aware that we are at a fairly advanced stage, with the north-east convention, in drawing up detailed regional assembly plans? At what point does he advise that we approach the Government with the proposals?
Lord Whitty: My Lords, I am indeed aware of the interest and pressure for a regional assembly in the north-east. We would expect to receive an approach from the north-east local authorities and others collectively when the details of the convention have been finalised. However, I believe that it would be
Lord Whitty: My Lords, as elsewhere, there is enthusiasm in the south-east of England for more decisions to be taken at regional level. Therefore, the development of regional planning bodies, regional transport planning and regional development agencies in the south-east are fairly well supported, both in the local authority and the business sectors. The noble Earl is correct to say that the overt demand for a regional assembly is significantly less in the south-east than it is in many regions of England, particularly the north-east and the north-west.
Lord Waddington: My Lords, does the Minister not recognise that the dividing up of England into regions, the "Balkanisation" of England, plays into the hands of those who hanker after a federal Europe of the regions, which would mean the end of the United Kingdom?
Lord Whitty: My Lords, until this moment, I had not realised that that was the motivation. Some of your Lordships have a degree of paranoia about the European Union which seems to be reflected in a number of questions. This is about better democracy within this country and taking decisions at the appropriate level. Regional assemblies would be responsible for strategic planning decisions which are not sensibly taken in Whitehall or at individual local authority level. It is important that we bring local authorities together. It is important also, however, that we allow that development to grow organically rather than impose a solution and a time-scale from here. That is the exact opposite to the top-down approach which the noble Lord implied.
Lord Hylton: My Lords, does the Minister not agree that it is high time that, for example, regional health authorities, regional institutions of higher education, new authorities dealing with skills and learning and many other quangos were brought under effective regional democratic accountability?
Lord Whitty: My Lords, in principle, there is an argument for that, but I should move cautiously. For example, there is a degree of democratic accountability in relation to health authorities. If we establish regional assemblies, the pattern of their responsibilities may need to be relatively small to start with and, indeed, the pattern may vary from region to region. Certainly, the strategic planning aspects of their responsibilities would be the most important. It may well be that some of the other areas to which the noble Lord refers would be brought in at a later stage.
Lord Whitty: My Lords, they would be a strand of local government and their financing would reflect the funding of local government. Clearly, the exact form of financing would be a matter for decision at the time. They would certainly not be an extension of any European structure. I believe that the noble Lord is referring to the fact that the Commission has accepted the UK Government's proposals on what the statistical regions within Europe should be for Government Office purposes. That is nothing to do with how we devolve power within the United Kingdom. It is and will continue to be entirely a matter for the United Kingdom and the people of the United Kingdom.
Lord Carter: My Lords, the report by the European Union's Scientific Committee on Animal Health and Animal Welfare addresses production at the EU level. That is consistent with the Government's view that any new legislation should be pursued on an EU basis. We look forward to proposals from the EU Commission to that end. We must aim, if at all possible, for EU legislation which will apply to all EU producers rather than take unilateral measures which would impose requirements on our producers alone.
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