Select Committee on Science and Technology Fifth Report


Abbreviations and technical terms used in this Report

ACGIHAmerican Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists
AFAInternational Association of Flight Attendants
ASHRAEAmerican Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers
AsMAUS Aerospace Medical Association
ATAAir Transport Association of America
AUCAir Transport Users Council
BALPABritish Air Line Pilots Association
BAMCBritish Airways Maintenance, Cardiff
BATABritish Air Transport Association
BREBuilding Research Establishment
CAACivil Aviation Authority
DETRDepartment of the Environment, Transport and the Regions
DERADefence Evaluation Research Agency of the Ministry of Defence
DoHDepartment of Health
DoTUS Department of Transportation
ECACEuropean Civil Aviation Conference
FAAUS Federal Aviation Administration
HSEHealth and Safety Executive
IAPAInternational Air Passenger Association
IATAInternational Air Transport Association
ICAOInternational Civil Aviation Organisation
ICRPInternational Commission on Radiological Protection
IRSInflight Research Services
JAAJoint Aviation Authorities, the European organisation set up under ECAC
NASAUS National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NRPBNational Radiological Protection Board
OPINOrgano-phosphate Information Network
OSHAUS Occupational Safety and Health Administration
RISESResearch Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences
WHOWorld Health Organisation
AEDautomatic external defibrillator
AIDSacquired immune deficiency syndrome
AMEsauthorised medical examiners, who conduct flight crew licensing medicals
ANOAir Navigation Order, CAA's principal regulatory instrument
BAe 146British Aerospace 146, a type of aircraft
DVTdeep vein (or venous) thrombosis
ECSenvironmental control system
ENTear, nose and throat
ETSenvironmental tobacco smoke
FARFederal Aviation Requirement, FAA's regulatory instrument
FREMECIATA standard card for those who need frequent medical clearance, to avoid the need for repeated submission of MEDIF forms
GPgeneral practitioner
HEPAhigh efficiency particulate air, as a descriptor of filters
HIVhuman immuno-deficiency virus
HRThormone replacement therapy
JARJoint Aviation Requirement, JAA's regulatory instrument
MEDIFIATA standard medical information form for intending air travellers to notify airlines of queries about fitness to fly, and of any special flight-related requirements
TCPtri-cresyl phosphate, an anti-wear additive in aviation lubricants (and not the well-known antiseptic, tri-chloro phenol)
TOCPtri-ortho-cresyl phosphate, the "ortho" and highly toxic form of TCP
VTEvenous thrombo-embolism - the term for the full syndrome of both initial DVT and any subsequent embolism
atmatmosphere - a measure of pressure, 1 atmosphere being standard atmospheric pressure at sea-level
ºCdegrees centigrade
cfmcubic feet per minute
ºFdegrees Fahrenheit
lb/minpounds per minute, the US measure for air supply (1 lb/m = 16 cfm at standard effective cabin altitude)
microna millionth of a metre or one thousandth of a millimetre
mmHgmillimetres of mercury (Hg) - a measure of atmospheric pressure by reference to an old-fashioned barometer, 760 mmHg being 1 atm
µg/m3micrograms (millionths of a gram) per cubic metre
µSvmicro-Sievert (one millionth)
mSvmilli-Sievert (one thousandth)
ppmparts per million - the conventional way of referring to low concentrations, 1 ppm being 0.0001%
RHrelative humidity - normally %RH, being the measure of water vapour in the atmosphere as a percentage of the maximum water vapour that air at that temperature can hold
SvSievert, a unit for measuring ionising radiation
Aircrewall personnel employed to work in aircraft
Barotraumapain in (or damage to) parts of the body caused by rapid changes in air pressure
Cabin crewthose working only in the passenger cabin and associated areas such as galleys
Case-control study (DVT)   a study which involves identifying people ("cases") who have DVT and comparing their recent travel histories and medical backgrounds with a closely matched series of "control" subjects without DVT
DisinsectionWHO-required procedures for insect control
DOP testtest of air filter efficiency based on removal of liquid droplets of mean size 0.3 microns
Embolismthe consequence of a blockage caused by an embolus reaching a blood vessel through which it cannot pass
Embolusa thrombus which has broken away from the wall of the vein
Epidemiologythe study of the statistics of health and disease
Flight crewpilots and flight engineers employed only on the flight-deck
Hypoxialowered body oxygen levels
PM10particulates of diameter range 2.5 to 10 microns, a measure of particulate atmospheric contamination
RSPrespirable suspended particulates, a measure of particulate atmospheric contamination
TSPtotal suspended particulates, a measure of particulate atmospheric contamination
Public exposure limitsregulatory or advisory limits for continuous exposure of the public to atmospheric contaminants, as discussed in paragraph 4.18
Salt Flame testtest of air filter efficiency based on removal of solid particles of mean size 0.65 microns
Thrombusa blood clot formed inside a vein
Workplace limitsregulatory or advisory limits for exposure to atmospheric contaminants by workers in the workplace, as discussed in paragraph 4.17

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