Call for evidence
Sub-Committee F (Social Affairs, Education and
Home Affairs) of the House of Lords Select Committee on the European
Union is conducting an inquiry into illegal immigration. The basis
of the inquiry is a Communication from the European Commission
on a common policy on illegal immigration: Commission Communication
to the Council and the European Parliament on a Common Policy
on illegal immigration (document 14239/01 Visa 135) .
Evidence is invited on all aspects of the Communication.
The Communication identifies six areas for possible
Visa policy: including
the adoption of common visa lists, uniform visa and security standards,
the creation of common administrative structures on the issuing
of visas and the development of a European Visa Identification
Infrastructure for information exchange, co-operation
and co-ordination: including the collection
of statistics on illegal immigration, the gathering of information,
intelligence and analysis, including the creation of a European
Migration Observatory, and the development of an Early Warning
System for the transmission of information on illegal immigration
and facilitator networks.
including pre-frontier measures, such as the posting of liaison
officers in countries of transit and origin, financial support
of actions in third countries, and campaigns to raise awareness
in the countries of origin; and a harmonised curriculum and common
training for border guards leading eventually to the development
of a European Border Guard.
including the improvement of co-operation and co-ordination at
the operational level and enhancing the role of Europol with more
operative powers to enable it to work with national authorities
to combat human trafficking and smuggling of human beings.
Aliens law and criminal law:
including the criminalisation of human trafficking and smuggling,
targeting the proceeds generated from these activities and imposing
sanctions on carriers and employers of illegal immigrants.
Return and readmission policy:
including the development of common principles (such as the priority
of voluntary return over forced return) and common standards on
expulsion, detention and deportation.
The Sub-Committee wishes to examine these issues
broadly within their overall global context.
The questions on which it would particularly
welcome comments include the following:
|(i)||What are the economic effects of illegal immigration?
|(ii)||Is the Commission right in its assumption that illegal immigration has a serious internal security dimension?
|(iii)||Can EU co-operation with, and assistance to, third countries make a significant contribution to reducing illegal immigration?
|(iv)||Is there a need for further harmonisation of penal and financial sanctions for activities linked to illegal immigration?
|(v)||Should the UK Government participate in the new visa policy measures proposed?
|(vi)||Are standardisation of external border controlsand eventually a common European Border Guardan effective means of reducing illegal immigration?
|(vii)||Should a "single technical support agency" be established for operational co-operation against illegal immigration?
|(viii)||Does Europol's role need to be extended to enable it to operate more effectively against illegal immigration?
|(ix)||How important are EU readmission arrangements with third countries for the reduction of illegal immigration. Is harmonisation of return procedures necessary for an effective EU policy on readmission?
117 Available on the Commission's web-site: www.europa.eu.int Back