List of Recommendations
1. We recommend that the focus should be on risk
management and the main tools should be diversity, flexibility
and availability of backup, not central planning or self-sufficiency.
2. We recommend that the Commission's priorities
be to complete a liberalised single market in energy, facilitate
energy interconnections between Member States and to encourage
stable investment conditions in producer countries.
3. We recommend that the Government and the Commission
regard the threat of terrorist attack as further underlining the
need to avoid over-dependence on any single energy facility or
4. In general, liberalisation of energy markets promotes
energy security. We therefore recommend that the United Kingdom
Government and the Commission reinvigorate the process of liberalisation.
In particular, effective access to electricity wires and gas pipelines
and storage is essential.
5. We recommend that the Government and the Commission
support and promote government-to-government dialogue with oil-producing
countries but that such dialogue should aim at improving understanding
between producer and consumer countries, not at managing oil prices.
6. We recommend that oil stocks be used within the
International Energy Agency (IEA) arrangements to maintain supply
during an emergency, not to stabilise prices.
7. We recommend that the Commission and national
governments encourage research and development on issues relating
to the public acceptability of nuclear power generation.
8. We recommend that the European Union should aim
at least to retain its present proportion of nuclear power generation
and should examine what is necessary to achieve this.
9. We recommend that the Commission undertake a study
of the options designed to ensure a comparable level of energy
security in all Member States.
10. We recommend that European Union Member States
be required to have comparable standards of emergency preparedness
in relation to gas emergencies, to ensure that gas flows are not
11. We recommend that faster progress be made towards
full market liberalisation, rather than rely on very large long-term
contracts, to help create the conditions for the substantial investments
needed in producing countries. The Commission must continue to
encourage gas interconnections and inter-operability between Member
States so that a larger, effective market is created.
12. We recommend that Europe avoid handicapping coal
unnecessarily in view of its contribution to energy security.
The focus of European support for coal in future should be the
development of clean coal technologies, not support for unprofitable
13. We recommend that the United Kingdom Government
and the European Union encourage investment in renewable energy
sources but recognise that they cannot rely on renewable energy
sources excessively as a major contribution to the environmental
security challenges in the energy sector.
14. Whilst it is not a primary source of energy,
we recommend that European Union Member States and the Commission
should keep the electricity regulatory system under review to
ensure that it promotes security of supply.
15. We recommend that the United Kingdom Government
and the European Union should continue to promote energy efficiency
but without assuming that it will lead to greater security of
16. We recommend that the European Union's R&D
be designed to support energy policy objectives, including the
development of energy efficiency, renewables, and carbon sequestration.
17. We recommend that the Commission and Member States
should treat both energy security and environmental objectives
as important without allowing either to dominate.
18. We recommend that the Government should encourage
other Member States to move in the direction of taxation that
reflects the environmental impact of energy use. But this should
be an agreement between Member States acting collectively on this
specific policy issue; we do not accept the case for Community
legislation to achieve this objective.
19. We recommend that there should be a mandatory
storage capacity obligation on companies supplying gas to United
20. We recommend that as a matter of urgency, the
Government examine whether gas stocks are as tight as suggested
by some of the evidence and report its findings to Parliament
21. We recommend that the Government use its influence
to bring about the establishment of inter-governmental agreements
to ensure that there are common infrastructure standards.
22. We recommend, therefore, that the Government
look closely to determine what means it has to ensure that new
terminals are so sited as to increase the diversity and flexibility
of the infrastructure.
23. We recommend that Government should maintain
the United Kingdom's present ability to produce no less than 20
per cent of United Kingdom electricity demand from nuclear power
generation, and proceed as a matter of urgency to agree a method
of dealing with nuclear waste and an appropriate planning policy
for new nuclear power stations on existing sites.