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Session 2002 - 03
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Criminal Justice Bill


Criminal Justice Bill





Part 1

Amendments of Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984

      1        Extension of powers to stop and search

      2        Warrants to enter and search

      3        Arrestable offences

      4        Bail elsewhere than at police station

      5        Drug testing for under-eighteens

      6        Limits on period of detention without charge

      7        Property of detained persons

      8        Taking fingerprints without consent

      9        Taking non-intimate samples without consent

      10        Codes of practice

      11        Amendments related to this Part

Part 2


      12        Grant and conditions of bail

      13        Offences committed on bail

      14        Absconding by persons released on bail

      15        Appeal to Crown Court

      16        Appeals to High Court

      17        Appeal by prosecution

      18        Drug users: restriction on bail

      19        Supplementary amendments to the Bail Act 1976

      20        Interpretation of Part 2

Part 3

Conditional cautions

      21        Conditional cautions

      22        The five requirements

      23        Failure to comply with conditions

      24        Code of practice

HL Bill 11153/2

Criminal Justice Bill



      25        Interpretation of Part 3

Part 4

Charging etc

      26        Charging or release of persons in police detention

      27        New method of instituting proceedings

      28        Further provision about new method

      29        Removal of requirement to substantiate information on oath

Part 5


      30        Initial duty of disclosure by prosecutor

      31        Defence disclosure

      32        Notification of intention to call defence witnesses

      33        Notification of names of experts instructed by defendant

      34        Further provisions about defence disclosure

      35        Continuing duty of disclosure by prosecutor

      36        Application by defence for disclosure

      37        Faults in defence disclosure

      38        Code of practice for police interviews of witnesses notified by accused

Part 6

Allocation and sending of offences

      39        Allocation of offences triable either way, and sending cases to Crown Court

      40        Mode of trial for certain firearms offences: transitory arrangements

Part 7

Live links

      41        Live links in criminal proceedings

      42        Effect of, and rescission of, direction

      43        Magistrates’ courts permitted to sit at other locations

      44        Warning to jury

      45        Rules of court

      46        Interpretation of Part 7

Part 8

Prosecution appeals

      47        Meaning of “terminating ruling”

      48        Prosecution right of appeal against certain rulings

      49        Appeals against terminating rulings

      50        Appeals against certain other rulings

      51        Expedited and non-expedited appeals

      52        Continuation of proceedings for offences not affected by ruling

      53        Determination of appeal by Court of Appeal


Criminal Justice Bill



      54        Appeals to the House of Lords

      55        Costs

      56        Effect on time limits in relation to preliminary stages

      57        Restrictions on reporting

      58        Offences in connection with reporting

      59        Interpretation of Part 8

Part 9

Retrial for serious offences

Cases that may be retried

      60        Cases that may be retried

Application for retrial

      61        Application to Court of Appeal

      62        Determination by Court of Appeal

      63        New and compelling evidence

      64        Interests of justice

      65        Procedure and evidence

      66        Appeals

      67        Restrictions on publication in the interests of justice


      68        Retrial


      69        Authorisation of investigations

      70        Urgent investigative steps

Arrest, custody and bail

      71        Arrest and charge

      72        Bail and custody before application

      73        Bail and custody before hearing

      74        Bail and custody during and after hearing

      75        Revocation of bail

Part 9: supplementary

      76        Functions of the DPP

      77        Rules of Court

      78        Armed Forces: Part 9

      79        Interpretation of Part 9

      80        Application of Part 9 to Northern Ireland


Criminal Justice Bill



Part 10


Chapter 1

Evidence of bad character


      81        “Bad character”

      82        Abolition of common law rules

Persons other than defendants

      83        Non-defendant’s bad character


      84        Defendant’s bad character

      85        “Important explanatory evidence”

      86        Offences “of the same description” or “of the same category”

      87        “Matter in issue between the defendant and the prosecution”

      88        “Matter in issue between the defendant and a co-defendant”

      89        “Evidence to correct a false impression”

      90        “Attack on another person’s character”

      91        Stopping the case where evidence contaminated

      92        Offences committed by defendant when a child


      93        Assumption of truth in assessment of relevance or probative value

      94        Court’s duty to give reasons for rulings

      95        Rules of court

      96        Interpretation of Chapter 1

      97        Armed forces

Chapter 2

Hearsay evidence

Hearsay: main provisions

      98        Statements and matters stated

Principal categories of admissibility

      99        Cases where a witness is unavailable

      100        Business and other documents

      101        Preservation of certain common law categories of admissibility

      102        Inconsistent statements

      103        Other previous statements of witnesses


Criminal Justice Bill




      104        Multiple hearsay

      105        Documents produced as exhibits

      106        Capability to make statement

      107        Credibility

      108        Stopping the case where evidence is unconvincing

      109        Court’s general discretion to exclude evidence


      110        Expert evidence: preparatory work

      111        Confessions

      112        Representations other than by a person

      113        Depositions

      114        Evidence at retrial


      115        Rules of court

      116        Proof of statements in documents

      117        Interpretation of Chapter 2

      118        Armed forces

      119        Repeals etc

Chapter 3

Miscellaneous and supplemental

      120        Evidence by video recording

      121        Video evidence: further provisions

      122        Use of documents to refresh memory

      123        Interpretation of Chapter 3

      124        Saving

Part 11


Chapter 1

General provisions about sentencing

Matters to be taken into account in sentencing

      125        Purposes of sentencing

      126        Determining the seriousness of an offence

      127        Reduction in sentences for guilty pleas

      128        Increase in sentences for racial or religious aggravation

General restrictions on community sentences

      129        Meaning of “community sentence” etc.

      130        Restrictions on imposing community sentences

      131        Passing of community sentence on offender remanded in custody


Criminal Justice Bill



      132        Community sentence not available where sentence fixed by law etc.

      133        Community order for persistent offender previously fined

General restrictions on discretionary custodial sentences

      134        General restrictions on imposing discretionary custodial sentences

      135        Length of discretionary custodial sentences: general provision

General limit on magistrates’ court’s power to impose imprisonment

      136        General limit on magistrates’ court’s power to impose imprisonment

      137        Consecutive terms of imprisonment

Procedural requirements for imposing community sentences and discretionary custodial


      138        Pre-sentence reports and other requirements

      139        Additional requirements in case of mentally disordered offender

      140        Meaning of “pre-sentence report”

Disclosure of pre-sentence reports etc

      141        Disclosure of pre-sentence reports

      142        Other reports of local probation boards and members of youth offending


Pre-sentence drug testing

      143        Pre-sentence drug testing


      144        Powers to order statement as to offender’s financial circumstances

      145        General power of Crown Court to fine offender convicted on indictment

      146        Fixing of fines

      147        Remission of fines

Savings for power to mitigate etc

      148        Savings for powers to mitigate sentences and deal appropriately with

mentally disordered offenders

Sentencing and allocation guidelines

      149        The Sentencing Guidelines Council

      150        Sentencing Guidelines Council: supplementary provisions

      151        The Sentencing Advisory Panel

      152        Guidelines relating to sentencing and allocation

      153        Functions of Sentencing Advisory Panel in relation to guidelines

      154        Duty of court to have regard to sentencing guidelines

      155        Annual report by Council


Criminal Justice Bill



Duty of court to explain sentence

      156        Duty to give reasons for, and explain effect of, sentence

Publication of information by Secretary of State

      157        Duty to publish information about sentencing

Interpretation of Chapter

      158        Interpretation of Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Community orders: offenders aged 16 or over

      159        Community orders

      160        Power to provide for court review of community orders

      161        Breach, revocation or amendment of community order

      162        Transfer of community orders to Scotland or Northern Ireland

Chapter 3

Prison sentences of less than 12 months

Prison sentences of less than twelve months

      163        Prison sentences of less than 12 months

      164        Licence conditions

Intermittent custody

      165        Intermittent custody

      166        Restrictions on power to make intermittent custody order

      167        Intermittent custody: licence conditions

      168        Further provisions relating to intermittent custody

Further provision about custody plus orders and intermittent custody orders

      169        Revocation or amendment of order

      170        Transfer of custody plus orders and intermittent custody orders to Scotland

or Northern Ireland

Suspended sentences

      171        Suspended sentences of imprisonment

      172        Imposition of requirements by suspended sentence order

      173        Power to provide for review of suspended sentence order

      174        Periodic reviews of suspended sentence order

      175        Breach, revocation or amendment of suspended sentence order, and effect of

further conviction

      176        Transfer of suspended sentence orders to Scotland or Northern Ireland


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Revised 17 October 2003