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Water Fluoridation

Earl Baldwin of Bewdley asked Her Majesty's Government:

Lord Warner: Opinion surveys commissioned by the British Fluoridation Society regularly show that about 70 per cent. of the population are in favour of fluoridation. The Systematic Review of Fluoridation undertaken by the National Health Service Centre for Reviews and Dissemination at the University of York identified 3,246 research studies with reference to fluoridation many of which considered claims of an association between fluoridation and different illnesses or disabilities. Further claims continue to emerge. York found no evidence of risks to overall health from fluoridation, other than dental fluorosis, and were critical of the quality of some of the research. Accordingly, we asked the Medical Research Council to advise how the research base could be strengthened. We have already acted on its main recommendation by commissioning a research study into the absorption of fluoride.

Cochlear Implants

Lord Ashley of Stoke asked Her Majesty's Government:

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Lord Warner: The following table gives details of the number of finished consultant episodes (FCEs) in which cochlear implants were fitted in England for adults and children in the year ending March 2002 and the four preceding years.

Year Ending 31 March Children aged 0–17Adults aged 18+


An FCE is defined as a period of patient care under one consultant in one health care provider. The figures do not represent the number of patients, as one person may have several episodes or be admitted several times within the year.

Figures in this table have not yet been adjusted for shortfalls in data.


Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health.

While the Department of Health does not collect figures centrally on the number of cases where funding for cochlear implants is delayed or refused, we understand that the Institute for Hearing Research surveys specialised centres each year to find the number of cases for which funding is declined. The last such survey was at the end of 2001. Primary care trusts came into existence in October 2001 and full-year figures for the services they fund are not yet available.

Medicines for Human Use: Draft Regulations on Clinical Trials

Baroness Hayman asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What were the main concerns expressed by the charitable and public sector in relation to the committee on the draft Medicine for Human Use (Clinical Trials) Regulation 2003; and what steps are being taken to address these concerns.[HL3557]

Lord Warner: The draft regulations are to transpose into United Kingdom law Directive 2001/20/EC on approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the member states relating to implementation of good clinical practice in the conduct of clinical trials on medicinal products for human use. Consultation on the draft regulations closed on 16 May. The Medical Research Council's response is available in full on its website. Its assessment reflected the main concerns expressed by the charitable and public sector.

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The Department of Health and the MRC have agreed jointly to lead a project to clarify the arrangements for publicly funded clinical trials involving medicines in the UK. It will draw up practical advice to enable publicly funded clinical trials involving medicines to comply with the law while making best use of existing good practice, minimising additional bureaucracy and making maximum use of public resources to avoid unnecessary expense.

The project is about to start, under the chairmanship of Professor Kent Woods, Director of the NHS Health Technology Assessment Programme. It will draw extensively on expert advice from trialists and from the charitable and public sector.

Non-residential Property: Scotland

Lord Oakeshott of Seagrove Bay asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether they will identify the population of each postcode area in Scotland where stamp duty on non-residential property purchases has been abolished.[HL3360]

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Culture, Media and Sport (Lord McIntosh of Haringey): The population figures based on the 2001 census are as followed:

PostcodeResident population 2001PostcodeResident population 2001PostcodeResident population 2001
AB1 3*9,508G22 77,226G72 79,927
AB2 1*12,475G23 57,164G73 13,902
AB2 2*6,551G3 86,312G81 15,924
DD1 53,050G31 14,042G81 27,266
DD11 15,244G31 26,723G81 47,477
DD2 36,884G31 35,827G81 55,649
DD2 411,177G31 44,595KA1 47,018
DD3 06,644G31 52,457KA18 35,804
DD3 78,051G32 67,342KA18 43,893
DD4 07,493G32 77,313KA3 15,553
DD4 66,428G32 88,623KA3 28,765
DD4 810,847G33 18,142KA6 79,462
DD4 911,114G33 36,964KA7 11,737
DG1 22,328G33 46,600KA8 07,429
DG9 76,452G33 55,418KA8 98,018
EH11 39,514G34 05,802KY1 15,928
EH14 29,134G34 94,601KY1 34,988
EH16 46,063G4 07,082KY5 86,061
EH3 82,242G40 22,529KY8 25,435
EH4 49,935G40 32,514KY8 36,044
EH5 14,475G40 42,570ML1 411,866
EH54 57,077G40 12,332ML2 09,991
EH6 64,192G41 11,452ML2 710,032
EH8 83,039G42 05,365ML2 95,833
FK10 15,305G42 74,687ML3 05,320
FK2 79,922G42 810,100ML4 210,963
FK8 17,811G42 97,850ML5 28,846
G1 51,360G43 17,214ML5 410,772
G11 62,783G45 05,416ML5 510,719
G13 27,567G45 99,010ML6 08,459
G13 39,813G46 810,024ML6 68,672
G13 46,543G5 05,771ML6 79,497
G14 07,766G5 92,415PA1 15,353
G15 76,145G51 15,945PA1 27,427
G15 84,843G51 26,407PA14 69,182
G20 07,355G51 34,566PA15 24,475
G20 75,745G51 47,033PA15 33,466
G20 87,419G52 17,534PA15 48,346
G20 93,267G52 44,160PA16 010,357
G21 17,744G53 59,366PA2 07,102
G21 25,822G53 67,628PA3 14,295
G21 310,707G53 711,300PA3 23,594
G21 48,050G66 28,278PA3 46,110
G22 55,312G71 56,679PA4 86,915
G22 66,049G72 07,178PH1 56,038

* The Scottish Index of Deprivation 1998, on which the exempt areas are based, used postcode areas existing in 1991. Because of changes in postcode boundaries, these three sectors no longer exist. The population figures are for the 2001 areas most closely corresponding to the abolished areas. The postcode search tool which allows claimants to identify whether relief is due takes account of such postcode changes, as do processes in the Stamp Offices.

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Nuclear Science and Engineering: University Courses

Lord Jenkin of Roding asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What courses exist at United Kingdom universities for students wishing to study nuclear science and engineering; and how many of such students are studying these subjects at undergraduate, post-graduate and post-doctoral levels. [HL3405]

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Education and Skills (Baroness Ashton of Upholland): The latest course listing on the Universities and Colleges Admissions Service (UCAS) website, which covers undergraduate courses only, shows that no universities currently offer undergraduate courses specifically in nuclear science and engineering. However, a report commissioned by the Nuclear Safety Directorate in autumn 2001 identified the following universities which ran postgraduate or undergraduate courses which contained some nuclear content: Postgraduate Courses University of Birmingham City University University of Hull Imperial College of Science, Technology & Medicine Lancaster University University of Liverpool Loughborough University Middlesex University University of Plymouth University of Surrey University of Wales, Swansea University College London Royal Navy School of Marine and Air Engineering, HMS Sultan (Department of Nuclear Science and Technology) 1 Undergraduate Courses University of Bath University of Birmingham

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University of Cambridge City University De Montfort University The University of Hull Imperial College of Science, Technology & Medicine University of Leeds University of Liverpool Loughborough University University of Manchester Middlesex University University of Plymouth University of Salford University of Sheffield Sheffield Hallam University University of Southampton University of Strathclyde University of Surrey Royal Navy School of Marine and Air Engineering, HMS Sultan (Department of Nuclear Science and Technology) 1

    1 The report also included HMS Sultan, which is a Ministry of Defence establishment.

According to the report, the number of students on courses containing any nuclear content is around 320 students per year on postgraduate courses and around 1,460 per year on undergraduate courses.

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