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Convictions in Northern Ireland:Cruelty to Animals

Lord Laird asked Her Majesty's Government:

Lord Williams of Mostyn: The table presents the number of convictions for cruelty to animals for each of the calendar years 1996 to 2000.

YearNumber of Convictions

Convictions in Northern Ireland:Selling Tobacco to Minors

Lord Laird asked Her Majesty's Government:

Lord Williams of Mostyn: In 1996 there was one conviction for selling tobacco to a person under 16 years of age. There were no further convictions during the years 1997 to 2000.

House of Lords: Franked Envelopes

Lord Jopling asked the Chairman of Committees:

The Chairman of Committees (Lord Brabazon of Tara): The rules governing the free postage scheme, which was introduced in 2001, have been kept under review by the Administration and Works Committee. In November 2001 the committee increased the maximum number of pre-paid envelopes that could be issued at one time from 50 to 100, and agreed that Members' staff who are pass-holders could collect envelopes on Members' behalf. In December 2002 the committee agreed to a request to add self-seal envelopes to the range of stationery available. However, the committee's view remains that it is appropriate to have rules in place to ensure that the overall take-up and cost of the scheme can be monitored. These rules will also assist the House authorities in implementing the decision of the House on 14 January to include the costs of the free postage scheme within the House of Lords' publication scheme, in accordance with the Freedom of

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Information Act 2000. The rules in the House of Commons are a matter for the authorities of that House.

Mozambique: Poverty Reduction Strategy

The Earl of Sandwich asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What success they have had alongside the Government of Mozambique in attracting civil society to the poverty reduction strategy process in Mozambique; and to what extent such participation extends beyond Maputo to other regional centres.[HL3457]

The Secretary of State for International Development (Baroness Amos): The Government of Mozambique have outlined their plan to tackle poverty in the Plano de Accoano de Reducoano da Pobreza Absoluta (PARPA) 2001–05, which constitutes the country's poverty reduction strategy paper (PRSP). The PARPA was approved in September 2001. It has as its central objective the reduction of the incidence of absolute poverty from its 1999 level of 70 per cent to less than 60 per cent by 2005 and less than 50 per cent by 2010. The PARPA identifies five priority areas: health, education, agriculture and rural development, good governance and infrastructure. An operational matrix has been developed that contains the main actions to be carried out in each sector over the five-year period.

The Government of Mozambique have also developed a strategic framework for the monitoring and evaluation of the PARPA and are committed to ensuring that this framework is implemented in partnership with key stakeholders including civil society. In April 2003, the government established the poverty observatory (OP)—one of the central planks of the monitoring and evaluation strategy. DfID welcomes the establishment of the poverty observatory as an important mechanism to facilitate dialogue on the PARPA by a range of actors.

Civil society organisations participated in the first meetings of the poverty observatory but their engagement was constrained by a lack of clarity about their role in the process and the unclear agenda that was set for the consultation. In addition, civil society representation was disproportionately Maputo-based. There is a need now to build on the foundations of the poverty observatory so as to make it a more meaningful instrument for dialogue and exchange between government and civil society.

In 2001 DfID-Mozambique funded a consultancy to appraise civil society participation in the PARPA process. We are now taking this forward, working closely with a number of other donor agencies. It is hoped that this will lead to a more strategic approach to supporting the strengthening of the level and nature of civil society participation in the PARPA monitoring and evaluation process.

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Developing Countries: International Trade

Lord Hylton asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether issues of international trade affecting developing countries should not be taken in isolation but should be discussed in conjunction with debt relief, development aid, poverty reduction, the environment, movement of labour and health; and, if so, what steps they will take to achieve this.[HL3534]

Baroness Amos: The Government fully support an integrated approach to development that looks at all dimensions of poverty in a holistic way. The UK's trade strategy for poor countries is no exception and is embedded in the overall development strategy of DfID, as set out in the two White Papers.

Globalisation is reinforcing the need for an integrated approach to policy-making. Policies no longer fit into neat sectoral boxes and the distinction between domestic and international policy is increasingly blurred. Most domestic policies, such as taxation, have international implications and most international policies, such as trade, have domestic implications. The formulation of sustainable development strategies in a global economy requires developed and developing countries to have more joined-up and coherent policies.

Developed countries have a particular responsibility. There is no sense, for example, in using development assistance to support countries, and then undermining this through trade restrictions and unfair subsidies. All developed country policies towards the world's poorest countries should be consistent with a commitment to sustainable development and poverty reduction.

DfID's integrated approach to development policy also maximises the effectiveness of its development assistance. There has been a significant shift in DfID's approach away from stand-alone projects towards creating institutions and policies required to build accountable and effective states. International development assistance is more effective at reducing poverty when it is used to support a shared agenda set by a credible poverty reduction strategy (PRS). This approach—to which DfID and other donors committed themselves at Monterrey—provides the right framework for governments and donors to agree the priorities for policy reform and expenditure together with their citizens. Aid is provided in support of these poverty reduction strategies and is conditional on governments staying on course with the reform agenda.

DfID's new country assistance plans (CAP) start from the basis of our partner countries' own PRSs and set out in detail how DfID will work in an integrated way to support these as part of the international development effort.

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Developing Countries: Wages

Lord Hylton asked Her Majesty's Government:

    How they are helping the International Labour Organisation to achieve a living wage for workers in the developing world, in particular for primary producers and migrant workers.[HL3535]

Baroness Amos: DfID is committed to supporting the International Labour Organisation's (ILO) efforts to secure decent working conditions and economic security for all poor women and men in developing countries. Through the £15 million DfID/ILO partnership framework agreement, we are supporting a number of initiatives to deepen the ILO's involvement in nationally owned poverty reduction strategies, support for trade and labour rights, the improvement of working conditions in the informal economy, the eradication of child labour and trafficking, and other poverty-related issues. Other bilateral support for the ILO comes from DfID's country programmes for additional poverty-related programmes in Africa and Asia.

Millennium Development Goals

Lord Hylton asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether they will urge the World Trade Organisation to adopt and give its support to the eight Millennium Development Goals.[HL3537]

Baroness Amos: The Government's position, set out in the 2000 White Paper Eliminating World Poverty: Making Globalisation Work For The Poor, is that we will indeed urge the World Trade Organisation (WTO) to commit itself with the rest of the international community to achieving the international development targets. Dr Supachai, Director General of the WTO, has stated that he is also personally committed to these goals, though he recognizes that the WTO is not a development organization, and thus must work with other agencies such as the World Bank, UNCTAD, and UNDP to ensure complementary policies to achieve these targets.

The WTO and its members can best contribute to attainment of the MDGs by ensuring that the current WTO round delivers on the ambition of the Doha development agenda and that the negotiations result in tangible benefits for developing countries and the poor. This is particularly true of progress needed in the various negotiations of most importance to developing countries, such as agriculture, TRIPS and public health and special and differential treatment. We will be working hard in the run-up to the 5th WTO ministerial meeting in Mexico in September to ensure that we secure a successful outcome to these negotiations.

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