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Examination Standards

Lord Lucas asked Her Majesty's Government:

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Baroness Ashton of Upholland: It is for the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority, as regulator, to decide what benchmarks and systems are appropriate to fulfil its statutory remit to keep under review all aspects of national qualifications, including the monitoring of standards and of systems of delivery and assessment against the regulatory accreditation criteria.

The framework for this work is defined in the Arrangements for the Statutory Regulation of External Qualifications, which is supported by a statutory code of practice. The code stipulates procedures for ensuring consistency in the examination process across all awarding bodies, between syllabuses and from year to year.

Information on the purposes of the monitoring activities, as well as reports, are published by the authority.


Baroness Howe of Idlicote asked Her Majesty's Government:

    To which statutory and other organisations United Kingdom universities are accountable; and to which they must apply for specific higher education funding or grants; and [HL4059]

    What are the staffing levels and annual cost of each statutory and other organisation to which United Kingdom universities are accountable or have to apply for funding.[HL4060]

Baroness Ashton of Upholland: UK universities are autonomous institutions accountable as employers, corporate bodies and as providers of teaching and research to many different stakeholders, depending on the nature of their activities. Higher education institutions are under no obligation to apply for public funding to support the provision of teaching and research. Should they choose to do so, the bulk of funding, and so accountabilities, is delivered through the funding councils and the research councils with the Arts and Humanities Research Board. Annual costs

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and staffing levels for these bodies for 2003–04 are listed in the table below. (In Northern Ireland, the Department for Education and Learning is the main funding body for universities and other HE providers. It is not possible to provide relevant details of the staffing levels and annual budget concerned.)

Name of BodyStaffing (FTE)Cost (£ million)
Higher Education Funding Council for England 24415.3
Teacher Training Agency (England only)20012.4
Higher Education Funding Council for Wales412.1
Scottish Higher Education Funding Council63.53.5
Research Councils (UK)1,06860
AHRB (UK)703.6

Lord Baker of Dorking asked Her Majesty's Government: What estimates they have made of the revenue that would accrue to each of the English and Welsh universities in 2006 if fees of £3,000 per student were charged; and what revenue would accrue if each university charged the full amount to:

    (a) the number of students fully enrolled in the current academic year;

    (b) the number of students fully enrolled increased by 5 per cent; and

    (c) the number of students fully enrolled increased by 10 per cent.[HL4063]

Baroness Ashton of Upholland: We have no estimate of the revenue that would accrue to each of the English and Welsh universities in 2006 if fees of £3,000 per student were charged: that will depend on the number of students that each institution recruits; while we publish national level projections of student numbers, we do not break these down on an institution by institution basis. Moreover, the Welsh Assembly has decided not to introduce variable fees in 2006. The table below sets out the total revenue that would accrue from tuition fees of £3,000 for each English HE institution, obtained from full-time undergraduate student numbers for 2001–02, the latest year for which data is available, and uprated by 5 per cent and 10 per cent as requested.

Income from £3,000 fee (£million)
English Institution2001–02 Student Numbers2001–02 Student Numbers + 5%2001–02 Student Numbers + 10%
Cranfield University1.701.791.87
Bishop Grosseteste College2.422.542.66
Buckinghamshire College of HE16.3717.1918.00
Central School of Speech and Drama1.201.261.32
Chester College of HE12.9913.6414.29
Canterbury Christ Church College14.8315.5716.32
York St John College9.499.9610.43
College of St Mark and St John5.936.236.53
Darlington College of Arts1.221.291.35
Edge Hill College of HE14.2714.9915.70
Falmouth College of Arts3.653.834.02
Harper Adams Agricultural College4.324.534.75
Homerton College1.581.661.74
Kent Institute of Art and Design4.584.805.03
King Alfred's College, Winchester9.049.499.94
Liverpool Hope10.8611.4111.95
The London Institute20.7021.7422.77
University of Luton14.2815.0015.71
Nene College19.8620.8721.86
Newman College3.123.283.43
Ravensbourne College of Design and Communication2.132.242.34
Roehampton Institute of HE14.6315.3616.09
Rose Bruford College1.501.581.65
Royal Academy of Music0.750.790.83
Royal College of Music0.910.961.00
Royal Northern College of Music1.161.221.27
Southampton Institute23.0624.2125.36
St Martin's College11.6712.2512.83
St Mary's College6.156.466.77
Trinity and All Saints College6.116.426.73
Trinity College of Music0.940.981.03
Surrey Institute of Art and Design7.507.888.25
Worcester College of HE9.529.9910.47
Anglia Polytechnic University26.4927.8129.14
Bath College of HE8.368.789.19
Bolton Institute of HE8.398.819.23
Bournemouth University25.7627.0428.33
The University of Brighton26.6728.0129.34
The University of Central England in Birmingham31.0132.5634.11
The University of Central Lancashire37.9639.8641.76
University of Gloucestershire16.5317.3618.19
London Guildhall University21.6022.6823.76
Coventry University30.4031.9233.44
University of Derby23.4524.6225.80
The University of East London20.2921.3122.32
The University of Greenwich26.4627.7929.11
University of Hertfordshire34.3836.1037.82
The University of Huddersfield27.9629.3630.76
The University of Lincoln20.4521.4722.50
Kingston University31.6033.1834.76
Leeds Metropolitan University37.5939.4741.35
Liverpool John Moores University37.5339.4141.29
The Manchester Metropolitan University54.9857.7260.47
Middlesex University35.7637.5539.34
De Montfort University43.0245.1747.32
The University of Northumbria at Newcastle37.7839.6741.56
The University of North London21.6422.7223.81
The Nottingham Trent University41.0743.1245.17
Oxford Brookes University23.0724.2225.37
The University of Plymouth42.6544.7946.92
The University of Portsmouth30.8532.3933.94
Sheffield Hallam University45.9948.2950.59
South Bank University22.2423.3524.46
Staffordshire University30.3831.9033.42
The University of Sunderland20.8021.8422.88
The University of Teesside21.0522.1123.16
Thames Valley University18.9219.8720.82
University of the West of England, Bristol46.1048.4150.71
Chichester Institute of Higher Education7.157.517.87
The University of Westminster27.1028.4629.81
Wimbledon School of Art1.311.371.44
The University of Wolverhampton34.3636.0837.79
Aston University14.4815.2115.93
The University of Bath18.5319.4520.38
The University of Birmingham40.8142.8544.89
The University of Bradford17.1918.0518.91
The University of Bristol28.0729.4730.87
Brunel University27.1628.5229.87
The University of Cambridge32.5134.1335.76
City University14.0714.7715.48
University of Durham27.6229.0030.38
The University of East Anglia18.8619.8120.75
The University of Essex13.2413.9014.56
The University of Exeter20.8021.8422.88
The University of Hull25.0626.3227.57
The University of Keele13.4414.1114.78
The University of Kent at Canterbury19.6420.6321.61
The University of Lancaster20.1521.1622.16
The University of Leeds55.5858.3661.14
The University of Leicester19.8020.7921.78
The University of Liverpool32.8534.4936.13
Birbeck College0.020.020.02
Goldsmiths College10.1110.6211.12
Imperial College of Science, Technology & Medicine18.1019.0019.91
Institute of Education, University of London0.010.010.01
King's College London30.4231.9433.47
London School of Economics and Political Science6.016.316.61
Queen Mary and Westfield College18.9419.8920.84
Royal Holloway and Bedford New College10.6911.2311.76
The Royal Veterinary College1.781.861.95
St George's Hospital Medical School4.054.264.46
The School of Oriental and African Studies4.224.434.64
The School of Pharmacy, University of London1.471.541.61
University College London29.4130.8832.35
University of London (Central Institutes and activities)0.560.590.62
Loughborough University27.0528.4029.75
The Victoria University of Manchester42.1944.3046.41
The University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne31.2232.7934.35
The University of Nottingham35.6937.4839.28
The University of Oxford32.2433.8635.47
The University of Reading20.8521.8922.93
The University of Salford35.5137.2939.07
The University of Sheffield36.4138.2340.06
The University of Southampton32.6734.3035.94
The University of Surrey15.4216.1916.96
The University of Sussex18.5919.5220.45
The University of Warwick24.2125.4226.63
The University of York17.6218.5019.38
The University of Manchester Institute of Science & Technology11.7812.3712.96
Writtle College2.832.973.11
Norwich School of Art and Design2.012.112.21
Northern School of Contemporary Dance0.400.420.44
Cumbria Institute of the Arts2.482.612.73
Royal Agricultural College1.221.281.34
The Arts Institute at Bournemouth2.592.722.84
Conservatoire for Dance and Drama0.720.760.79

The fee income is based on student numbers on designated undergraduate courses: first degree (Doctor, Dentist or Vet), first degree (QTS), first degree, enhanced first degree, first degree & diploma, intercalated first degree, foundation degree, diploma of HE, HND and HNC. It assumes that no students will drop out and as a result pay only part of the maximum £3,000 fee.

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