|Box 1 Abstract|
Several aspects of European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) are classified as non-military. These civilian crisis management capabilities are: policing; the administration of justice (rule of law); civilian administration; and civil protection. Their combined goal is to allow the EU to provide assistance to countries in crisis. The first mission of 'civilian ESDP' began with the police mission to Bosnia (EUPM) in January 2003. The Committee found that preparations for the EUPM were highly successful. The Committee considers the EU's civilian role in crises to be valuable.
The greatest surprise of the inquiry was that both Member States and media have so far shown little interest in the subject.
The Committee's main conclusions are that the EU should:
· Clarify the scope and goals of civilian ESDP;
· Ensure that the EU works to fill the gaps in the existing crisis management provision rather than duplicate the work of organisations already active in this arena;
· Streamline the chain of command and control; and
· Set in place workable, long-term financing arrangements.