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Iraq: Human Rights

Lord Lester of Herne Hill asked Her Majesty's Government:

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Ministry of Defence (Lord Bach): United Kingdom Military personnel are subject to military discipline wherever they are in the world and can be tried in military courts for any criminal offences committed by them in Iraq. This would include murder, assault or false imprisonment and offences under Section 134 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 which implements in domestic law the United Kingdom's obligations under the UN Convention against Torture. The question whether their actions are also subject to the European Convention on Human Rights is currently the subject of judicial review proceedings in which the Government will argue that the convention does not apply.

Lord Hylton asked Her Majesty's Government:

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Lord Bach: All British forces personnel in Iraq have the authority to detain persons who pose a threat to their safety or security and are, therefore, briefed in prisoner handling. This includes guidance that prisoners should be treated, at all times, fully in accordance with the Geneva Conventions.

All use of force is governed by United Kingdom forces' rules of engagement (ROE). The ROE take into account the UK's obligations under national and international law, of which necessity and proportionality are fundamental principles.

Interrogation Techniques

Lord Lester of Herne Hill asked Her Majesty's Government:

Lord Bach: The United Kingdom does not undertake interrogations in Afghanistan.
 
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In the UK interrogation facility in Iraq, video cameras are present in some interrogation rooms. However, the cameras are used only for monitoring. Interrogations are not recorded and there is no video or other photographic material in existence.

Guantanamo Bay is a US facility and we are not in a position to comment on whether interrogations are filmed.

Germany: UK Military Deployment

Lord Astor of Hever asked Her Majesty's Government:

Lord Bach: The establishment levels for major British Army units in Germany, as at 31 May 2004, are shown in the tables below. Details of the changes in commitments since 2002 are also shown below:
 
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Unit Location Establishment
HQ 1(UK) Armoured Division and Div TpsHQ 1 (UK) Armd Div & 1 Armd Div Sig Regt Herford 819
12 Regt RA Sennelager 627
28 Engr Regt Hameln 857
1CS Med Regt Munster 517
1 Regt RMP Herford 380
1GS Regt RLC Gutersloh 812
2 CS Regt RLC Gutersloh 886
1 Regt AAC Gutersloh 372
1 MI Bn All Garrison in BFG 142
RLC Mil Trg Wing Bielefeld 8
4 Armoured Brigade 4 Bde HQ & Sig Sqn Osnabruck 177
RDG Munster 590
QDG Osnabruck 400
4 Regt RA Osnabruck 555
21 Engr Regt Osnabruck 650
1 SG Munster 740
1 DWR Osnabruck 741
1 Bn REME Osnabruck 403
115 Pro Coy RMP Osnabruck 70
RL Band Osnabruck 35
7 Armoured Brigade 7 Bde HQ & Sig Sqn Hohne 173
SCOTS DG Fallingbostel 591
9/12 L Hohne 454
2 RTR Fallingbostel 600
3 RHA Hohne 555
32 Engr Regt Hohne 657
1 RRF Celle 742
1 HLDRS Fallingbostel 741
111 Pro Coy RMP Hohne 70
Cambrai Band Fallingbostel 35
2 Bn REME Fallingbostel 403
20 Armoured Brigade20 Bde HQ & Sig Sqn Sennelager 173
QRH Sennelager 591
26 Regt RA Gutersloh 555
35 Engr Regt Paderborn 657
110 Pro Coy RMP 70
1 RRW Paderborn 741
1 LI Paderborn 741
3 Bn REME Paderborn 403
HQ UK Support Command (Germany) HQ UKSC(G) Rheindahlen 102
HQ RESG Rheindahlen 179
12 Flt AAC Elmpt 7
Det 921 EOD Sqn Elmpt 10
Rhine Area Wksp Elmpt 9
1 Signal Brigade and Rhine Garrison Rheindahlen & Elmpt 1,797
102 Logistic Brigade HQ 102 Log Bde & Sig Sqn Gutersloh 300
6 Sup Regt RLC Gutersloh 709
7 Tpt Regt RLC Bielefeld 597
921 EOD Sqn Bielefeld 40
101 Pro Coy, 5 Regt RMP Rheindahlen 109
24 Regt RLC Bielefeld 256

Changes during the past two years:

1 Light Infantry replaced 1 Royal Green Jackets in Paderborn

Queens Dragoon Guards replaced Queens Royal Lancers in Osnabruck

1 Scots Guards replaced 1 Irish Guards in Munster

1 Highlanders replaced 1 Black Watch in Fallingbostel.

A reduction in the number of troops in Germany was announced as part of the Strategic Defence Review (SDR) in 1998. Of these, 1,500 troops have already returned to the UK and the future drawdown of the 2nd Royal Tank Regiment and 64 Fuel Squadron is subject to the build of new barracks in the UK. It remains the Government's intention to complete this drawdown, although the exact timing has yet to be finalised.

There are currently no plans to alter our force levels or bases in Germany. As outlined in the defence White Paper (DWP), Delivering Security in a Changing World, published on 11 December 2003, plans for future Army structures continue to evolve. As part of this work, the Army intends to adjust its structure to develop a more balanced force structure of light, medium and heavy forces; in doing so it will reduce the number of armoured brigades from three to two and create a new light brigade. The full implications of this work have yet to be finalised.


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Sports Colleges

Lord Moynihan asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether they will indicate which specialist sports colleges are accredited and the local education authorities in which they are situated. [HL3323]

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Education and Skills (Baroness Ashton of Upholland): There are 260 sports colleges in England in a total of 122 local education authorities. More sports colleges, approved following the latest round of applications, will be announced at the end of this month.
 
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A full list of approved sports colleges, showing their locations, has been placed in the Library.

Lord Moynihan asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What percentage of pupils at specialist sports colleges and non-specialist schools obtained five or more A to C grade GCSEs in each of 2001, 2002 and 2003. [HL3324]

Baroness Ashton of Upholland: Pupils in sports colleges have achieved the following performance in terms of percentages of 5+ A*-C GCSEs compared to pupils in non-specialist schools:

2001 (100 schools)2002 (160 schools)2003 (228 schools)
Sports Colleges47.348.748.7
Non-specialist Schools47.348.449.1

The numbers of sports colleges has doubled since 2001, with 2003 seeing the largest single increase—meaning that most sports colleges are quite new to the programme. This has an impact on average attainment because the benefits of specialism increase over time—as reflected in analysis by the Youth Sport Trust which shows that sports colleges designated in 1997 have increased their average attainment in every year since then.

Furthermore, as set out in a previous answer (HL2053), sports colleges are raising attainment at a higher rate than the national average; and their average value added was higher in 2003 than in 2002 at both key stages 2–3 and 3–4 as set out in the table below:


DfES value added Key Stage 2–3 DfES value added Key Stage 3–4
YearSCs–%Gap against average in % points SCs–%Gap against average in % points
200298.3–1.697.9–0.8
200399.7–0.298.7–0.4

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