Select Committee on Science and Technology Written Evidence


Annex 1

CONTRASTING VIEWS OF PRECAUTION (PARAGRAPH 3)


"Weak" precaution"Moderate" precaution "Strong" precaution

Presumption of unfettered market-led development and technological innovation. Underlying presumption of unfettered market-led development and technological innovation but recognition that this can sometimes be overthrown where there are high levels of societal concern. No presumption of either market led or technologically driven development.
Regulators intervene only where there is positive scientific evidence of risk and intervention demonstrably cost-effective. Presumption of intervention as under "weak", but case by case flexibility to shift the onus of proof towards the risk creator. Risk creator demonstrates safety of activity. Little credence in cost effectiveness.
Presumption of risk management Banning very rare. Underlying presumption of risk management Banning possible, but a last resort. Presumption of risk avoidance Banning likely.
Presumption of free trade on the basis of objective scientific criteria. Individual preferences and societal concerns given no weight. Underlying presumption of free trade on the basis of scientific criteria. Recognition that individual preferences and societal concerns matter. No automatic presumption of free trade Individual preferences and societal concerns dominant.





 
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