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Alcohol Consumption

Lord Roberts of Llandudno asked Her Majesty's Government:

The Minister of State, Department of Health (Lord Warner): The data are not available in the exact format requested. We are unable to provide information on the units of alcohol consumed in the United Kingdom. We are able to provide estimated data on alcohol clearances in units per capita, for the UK. Alcohol clearances are the quantities of duty paid on alcoholic drinks released for consumption in the UK.

We have also provided estimated data for weekly alcohol consumption for the years available (1990 and 2000), for Great Britain.

The information available is presented in the following tables.
United Kingdom alcohol clearances in units per capita, 1950–2001


Units
Financial yearBeerWineSpiritsCider and PerryTotal Alcohol
1950–5133713103452
1960–6134422109475
1970–7141139125575
1980–8146510317620764
1990–9145114517234803
2000–0140022815951837


Notes:
The figures for beer prior to 1993–94 have been adjusted to make them comparable with those of later years. The figures for cider were first collected in 1976–77. One unit of alcohol is defined as 10ml of pure alcohol. Population estimates are for all ages; that is, the UK population. Alcohol clearances are by financial year; ONS mid-year population estimates are by calendar year.
Source:
Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs clearances of pure alcohol; Office for National Statistics mid-year population estimates.




 
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Mean weekly alcohol consumption in units, 1990 and 2000
Persons aged 16 and over


Unweighted 1990Weighted 2000
Total1112
Weighted base (000's)n/a42,369
Unweighted sample17,52114,081




Source:


General Household Survey; Office for National Statistics


Notes:


The two tables provided are not comparable as they are derived from different data sources; one is based on the United Kingdom and the second is based on Great Britain. Data for England are not readily available.






Aviation Health: Contaminated Air

Lord Tyler asked Her Majesty's Government:

Lord Davies of Oldham: Yes.

Aviation Health: Fresh Air

Lord Tyler asked Her Majesty's Government:

Lord Davies of Oldham: Yes.

British Overseas Territories

Lord Jones of Cheltenham asked Her Majesty's Government:

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Triesman): Good governance is a fundamental part of the partnership between the Government and the Overseas Territories as set out in the 1999 White Paper Partnership for Progress and Prosperity—Britain and the Overseas Territories. There is continuous dialogue between the Government and representatives of Overseas Territories' governments across a wide range of issues in this field. The subject was on the agenda of the 2004 and 2005 annual Overseas Territories Consultative Councils (OTCC) which each year bring together Overseas Territories' Chief Ministers, or equivalents, and UK Government Ministers.

The Government support good governance in the territories in a number of practical ways. The Foreign
 
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and Commonwealth Office (FCO) funds a law enforcement adviser, a financial services adviser and a prisons adviser for the territories. An economist based in the FCO makes regular visits, particularly to the Caribbean Overseas Territories, to provide advice on financial matters. Other government departments, including the Department for International Development and Department for Transport, provide further specialist advice as required. The FCO has a Good Government Fund of £3.5 million a year that is available to all the Overseas Territories.

Buxton Memorial Fountain

The Earl of Sandwich asked Her Majesty's Government:

Lord Davies of Oldham: The Royal Parks are currently in the process of assessing the likely costs of restoring the Buxton Memorial Fountain. Once that work is complete, a decision on a possible restoration programme will be taken in the light of available resources.

China: Human Rights

Lord Jones of Cheltenham asked Her Majesty's Government:

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Triesman): We raised the matter of human rights abuses against Falun Gong practitioners at the UK-China human rights dialogue in June 2005. Falun Gong cases have been included among individual cases of concern on which we have sought responses from the Chinese authorities. Cases of Falun Gong practitioners were also raised at the EU-China human rights dialogue in October. We will continue to raise individual cases where appropriate.

Commission for Equality and Human Rights

Lord Lester of Herne Hill asked Her Majesty's Government:

The Minister of State, Home Office (Baroness Scotland of Asthal): The Commission for Equality and Human Rights (CEHR) will be located in Manchester and London, with the majority of staff in Manchester
 
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and a significant presence in London. There will also be offices in Glasgow and Cardiff to cover the CEHR activities in Scotland and Wales. The CEHR will also have a regional presence across Great Britain to enable it to carry out its work, either directly or in partnership with local communities.

This decision followed a comprehensive independent study that examined a number of options. An equality impact assessment and a race equality impact assessment were also carried out on all the location options identified in the study. Ministers have commissioned further detailed work on how the staff and the various functions of the CEHR are to be split between the two main locations. All the existing commissions will be fully engaged in this task.

Commission for Racial Equality

Lord Ouseley asked Her Majesty's Government:

The Minister of State, Home Office (Baroness Scotland of Asthal): The Commission for Racial Equality has not issued any compliance notices against any government departments over the past 18 months.

Crossrail

Lord Oakeshott of Seagrove Bay asked Her Majesty's Government:

Lord Davies of Oldham: An announcement will be made in due course.

Deforestation

Earl Peel asked Her Majesty's Government:

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Lord Bach): The Government's policy is that emissions reductions from reduced deforestation
 
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should be part of developing countries' participation in climate change agreements and our strategy to achieve this is to participate actively in the negotiations and associated technical discussions that can bring it about.

Papua New Guinea and Costa Rica, supported by other countries making up the Coalition of Rainforest Nations, proposed to the 11 Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which took place recently in Montreal, that emissions reductions relative to a national baseline could be used as a measure of achievement.

The UK believes the proposal is very interesting, especially given the potential for significant co-benefits for communities dependent on forests and for biodiversity, as well as for greenhouse gas emissions mitigation. There are nevertheless significant technical issues to consider, including on how baselines would in practice be defined, and emissions relative to them measured. These questions need to be resolved before this or any other proposal could provide a basis for quantification of emissions saved, and hence valuation in carbon markets. In the Government's view it is not useful to speculate about the detailed modalities for engagement until these technical issues are better understood; but clearly linkage, if participation were linked to Kyoto Protocol carbon markets, would be after the first commitment period, for which the rules are already set.

Having discussed the proposal in Montreal, the parties to the UNFCCC agreed to submit its views on the issues by the end of March 2006. The Conference of Parties requested the Subsidiary Body on Scientific and Technical Advice (SBSTA) under the UNFCCC to start consideration of the issue, at its 24th session which will be in May 2006, following the submissions. There will be a workshop on the issue following the 24th session of the SBSTA and the SBSTA will report on its findings at its 27th session, in December 2007. The UK, as part of the EU, will contribute detailed technical views, initially via the March 2006 submission, and will seek resolution of the issues in the negotiations in a manner that contributes to the objectives of the UNFCCC and helps realise the co-benefits for communities and for biodiversity.


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