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Lord Renton of Mount Harry: My Lords, I thank the Minister for that Answer, but I remind him that the new CAP budget has to cover 25 countries as well as Bulgaria and Romania, as opposed to 15 countries previously. The possible move from subsidies for crop production to more environmentally beneficial farming is welcome. Is it not the case, however, that the amount of money for Pillar 2 is very insecure and that it is likely to be cut in order to keep up single farm payments? How much switch from crop subsidy to agri-environmentally friendly farming does the Minister envisage, and by how much will the Treasury be willing to match it?
Lord Bach: My Lords, I pay tribute to the noble Lord and his Sub-Committee D, which produced an important report last year in which it encouraged the concept of voluntary modulation. To that extent, at least, I hope that it is relatively pleased with what we achieved in the budget.
The deal means that EU rural development expenditure is maintained at roughly the current level, but if you add in the compulsory EU modulation, which arises from the 2003 reforms, the focus of the CAP on rural development in the next financial perspective will be greater than under the current one, and that is before you add whatever degree of voluntary modulation is chosen. I make no secret of it: we would have preferred there to have been greater movement from Pillar 1 to Pillar 2 in the guaranteed money in the Commission's budget. We regret that, but we think, having got the greater freedom to transfer voluntarily, that we have achieved a lot.
Lord Tomlinson: My Lords, have the Government not previously stressed that they favoured expenditure in Pillar 2 rather than in Pillar 1? In the budget deal agreed in December, did they not agree cuts in Pillar 2? Has there been a reversal of policy or a change of view in the Government on CAP reform?
Lord Bach: No, my Lords. We remain committed to CAP reform and an increased emphasis on Pillar 2. If we had a free hand to write the budget, the relative levels of spending that were agreed for Pillars 1 and 2 are not what we would have chosen. A number of member states expressed a clear view in the negotiations that at this stage they would not accept reductions in the funding for Pillar 1. In our view, the EU budget review in 2008-09 provides an opportunity for real change. The Vision for the Common Agricultural Policy, published by my department and
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the Treasury last December, sets out the case for that reform, and we need to continue the debate in Europe on how it can be achieved.
Lord Livsey of Talgarth: My Lords, will the Minister confirm that the possible reduction in Pillar 2 of CAP funding will prevent the development of new rural businesses, while at the same time making a significant reduction in the single farm payments through modulation? How is it that the Prime Minister managed to give away billions of pounds of rebate in the negotiations, while, at a stroke, we in the UK are now looking at a reduction in Pillar 2 and the single farm payments?
Lord Bach: My Lords, the noble Lord spoiled his question with his comment on the rebate. With regard to the serious part of what he had to say, we realise that some farmers are concerned about a transfer from Pillar 1 to Pillar 2. Modulation will certainly have an effect on the amount of subsidy that a farmer receives, but it will not affect their ability to compete. The whole point of the 2003 reformas I understand it, it has cross-party support, including the noble Lord's partywas to remove that link between subsidy and production, making CAP subsidies less distorting. Before we decide how much we should voluntarily modulate, we will pay particular attention to the impact on the farming sector.
Lord Pearson of Rannoch: My Lords, will the Minister explain why we stay in the common agricultural policy when it not only creates the difficulties raised by this Question but also kills millionsmostly childrenin the developing world? Why do we not just organise our agriculture in our own interests and those of the least fortunate people on the planet, without passing our hard-earned billions through the corrupt filter of Brussels?
Lord Bach: My Lords, we stay in the common agricultural policy because we are members of the European Union, and I for one am delighted that we are members of it. However, our criticism of the CAP, while perhaps not using exactly the same words as those of the noble Lord, has been pretty adamant during the past few years. We have done something about our criticism of the CAP, and it led to the reforms of 2003. If we had had our way, there would have been greater reforms by now.
The Lord Bishop of Chester: My Lords, does the level of suicides among farm workers and farm owners in the countryside provide ample evidence of a crisis in British agriculture, leading to the need for a longer-term strategy of support for the countryside and agriculture alike, beyond the mechanics of the common agricultural policy?
Lord Bach: My Lords, the level of suicides is indeed worrying. I am grateful to the right reverend Prelate for having referred to it. Whether or not the correct word is "crisis", there is certainly a lot of anxiety in the
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countryside. One of the reasons for that is the enormous change that is happening in the countryside and, particularly, in the farming industry. It needs to be handled with great sensitivity and care, but there can be a successful farming industry in the United Kingdom if it is modernised and does not rely on subsidy. Subsidy is what makes people dependent, and it has been in existence for too long in the farming industry.
The Minister of State, Department of Health (Lord Warner): My Lords, the Government have worked hard to improve support for carers and are determined to do even more. Our new White Paper, published last week, proposes a range of measures for improved carer support, including an information helpline, an expert carers programme and emergency respite care. The existing carers steering group, comprising representatives from several government departments, will co-ordinate implementation of those measures to improve the health and well-being of carers.
Baroness Pitkeathley: My Lords, I thank my noble friend for that helpful reply and for all the attention paid to carers in the recent White Paper. He will, I think, be aware that ITN is running a campaign for carers in association with the lunchtime and evening news bulletins. Entitled "Who Cares?", it aims to raise the profile of carers. One of the things that it is calling for is a carers tsar, who would co-ordinate and spearhead policy across departments. Will the Minister give the Government's reaction to that suggestion and indicate when the review of the national carers strategy, launched in 1999, will begin?
Lord Warner: My Lords, I am sure that the whole House pays tribute to the work that my noble friend has done in the interests of carers over the years. I am aware of the ITN campaign, and we welcome the higher awareness of carers' issues that it achieves. With regard to a carers tsar, my noble friend will be aware that we already have a number of national clinical directorsfor example, for social care, older people and disease-specific groups such as cancer and diabeteswho pay great attention to the issues of carers. As part of the White Paper follow-through, we will encourage councils and PCTs to have a carers lead to develop services locally.
The Earl of Onslow: My Lords, will the noble Lord help on this question? NICE made a decision a month or so ago on Alzheimer drugs, but it failed to take into
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account, when balancing the cost of the drug with the cost of carers, that the drug cost £2.50 a day and carers cost an enormous amount more. Will he please make sure that, when NICE makes its decisions, it takes into account not only the medical aspects but the cost to social security budgets and the cost of caring?
Lord Warner: My Lords, I am sure that the noble Earl is aware that, in the case to which he refers, NICE went out to consultation and listened to the comments made. It has reconsidered its position on the group of drugs involved in that study and has put forward revised proposals for further consultation. I do not wish to comment further until that consultation process ends.
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