Post-conflict activities and
EU efforts to support the Peacebuilding Commission
372. Post-conflict reconstruction in states emerging
from war and instability involves a major input of resources and
finances. Peacebuilding missions are multidimensional and complex,
requiring the involvement of a wide range of actors over an extended
period of time.
373. Effective peacebuilding presents a huge
challenge for the AU, which will continue to require considerable
interaction and assistance in this area, from the EU, the UN and
elsewhere. This in turn presents major challenges of co-ordination,
and of sustaining international political interest in the longer-term.
374. The High-Level Panel on Threats Challenges
and Change identified a key institutional gap at the UN in responding
to the challenges of peacebuilding.
In response to a recommendation by the Panel, in December 2005
the UN General Assembly and Security Council formally established
the new UN Peacebuilding Commission (UNPBC), as agreed by heads
of State attending the Millennium Review Summit.
The Peacebuilding Commission is intended to marshal resources
and offer advice on post-conflict recovery, bringing together
UN capacities in conflict prevention, mediation, peacekeeping,
human rights, the rule of law, humanitarian aid, reconstruction
and long-term development. It is further hoped that the Commission
will help to maintain international political interest over longer
periods in relation to peacebuilding operations.
375. The UNPBC seeks to bridge the gap between
peacekeeping and sustainable development. Its Organisational Committee
comprises 31 member states: seven from the Security Council, including
the permanent five members; seven from the Economic and Social
Council (ECOSOC); five of the top ten financial contributors to
the UN budgets; five out of the top ten contributors of personnel
to UN missions; and seven extra members, elected by the GA based
on geographical balance and post-conflict experience.
376. Membership of country-specific committees
of the Commission will be tailored for each caseinvolving
country representatives, regional organisations and international
financial institutions (IFIs). The involvement of IFIs is designed
to help secure sustainable funding for peacebuilding activities.
377. Javier Solana's October 2005 Contribution
to the EU Strategy for Africa recommended that EU policy towards
Africa should be solidly based on UN principles and should aim
for a trilateral partnership between the EU, the UN, and the AU
in Africa, with the UN Peacebuilding Commission becoming an important
tool in this respect.
378. The final configuration of the Peacebuilding
Commission only provided for a very limited preventive role, in
a political concession to concerns raised by a number of states.
This is in contrast with the original recommendation of the High-Level
Panel, which had suggested that the Commission be explicitly designed
to avoid state collapse and the slide into war, as well to assist
countries in their transition from war to peace.
379. The EU and AU must work with the new
UN Peacebuilding Commission to make a genuine difference to countries
emerging from conflict, by drawing together and co-ordinating
the activities of the key peacebuilding actors in Africa, including
the UN and the AU, and by developing a close working relationship
with the International Financial Institutions.