The development of a joint EU-Africa
434. Aligning EU policies and African objectives
is fundamental to the effective implementation of the EU Strategy
for Africa. The "underlying philosophy" of the Strategy
stresses "African ownership and responsibility".
The ultimate aim of this philosophy is the development of a genuine
joint EU-Africa strategy.
435. Bob Dewar pointed out that there was consultation
with Africans on the drafts of the EU Strategy. He stressed that
the Strategy is an EU initiative, but that it was welcomed in
Africa. However, he added that Africans were likely to have views
which they would want to put forward if there were ever to be
a truly joint EU-Africa strategy. (Q 354)
436. At the EU-African Troika meeting in Vienna
on 8 May the two
sides reiterated the agreement reached in Bamako to transform
the EU Strategy for Africa into a joint strategy. They agreed
that this should be "a focused, political document, setting
out a vision of EU African relations in the decade ahead, and
building on a dialogue that should be flexible, deeper, more frequent
and include new areas of common interest."
The joint strategy will be structured in four clusters: peace
and security, human rights and governance, trade and integration
437. Saferworld suggested that for the EU Strategy
to develop into a joint EU-Africa strategy it needed to "show
more clarity about what practical steps the EU will take, where
funding for its activities will come from, and how it will co-ordinate
with other EU instruments concerning the countries involved."
(p 162) The matrix goes some way towards achieving this goal,
but not completely. It does specify particular steps towards implementation,
but, importantly, does not specify how much will be spent on each
step, nor does it address the larger issue of rationalisation
of European and African institutions and instruments. Whilst many
of the Strategy's aims can be met without such rationalisation,
ultimately a joint EU-Africa strategy, as envisaged by the ministerial
Troikas, will require that this question be properly addressed.
438. In providing detailed targets the joint
implementation matrix agreed in Vienna on 8 May is an important
development in the implementation of the EU Strategy. We agree
that it also has symbolic value due to its joint formulation by
both the EU and the AU. However, it remains essential for realisation
of the partnership that a full joint EU-Africa strategy be agreed
by heads of state and government, preferably at a second EU-Africa
439. Some rationalisation of both European
and African institutional structures will be necessary to avoid
duplication and turf-fighting. The EU should consider how best
it can rationalise its own institutions and instruments and the
way they work.
440. The EU has to acknowledge the many challenges
noted in this Report and work with the Africa that exists, and
not the Africa that Europeans would like to see. If this happens,
there is a real chance that a genuinely joint strategy for Africa
will emerge and be of value to all concerned.