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The Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs and Lord Chancellor (Lord Falconer of Thoroton): I am pleased to inform the House that I have today laid before Parliament and placed in the Libraries of both Houses the responses to the Governments Confidence and Confidentiality: Improving Transparency and Privacy in Family Courts consultation paper, which was published on 11 July 2006. The document is available on the department's website at www.dca.gov.uk/consult/confr.htm. We will also be publishing a young peoples guide.
There were 245 formal responses to the consultation and additional contributions through stakeholder events and discussion forums. The Government were pleased to receive responses from all sides of the debate and are grateful for the respondents comments and suggestions. I am particularly grateful for the important contribution that children and young people have made to this consultation.
The House will recall the extensive discussion in the Crossrail instruction debate on 31 October about a station at Woolwich, adding £186 million to the cost of the scheme. This could simply not be afforded given the scale of the overall funding challenge. I said then, however, that I was willing to give Cross London Rail Links Ltd, the Crossrail company, the time needed to explore with others, including the London borough of Greenwich, whether there was a way of significantly reducing that cost.
The key to this has been Greenwich Council's recent proposal for a major revision of its spatial plan, to allow a significantly higher density of development at Woolwich. This, in turn, has prompted Berkeley Homes to offer a means of enabling a station to be built at Woolwich but, crucially, without adding to the current cost of Crossrail.
In the light of this, agreement has been reached in principle with Berkeley Homes under which it will build the basic box structure of a station at Woolwich and then construct its own development overhead. This will all be done at its own risk, using its own money, to the specification laid down by CLRL, with
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In due course, Berkeley Homes would then arrange for the completion of the station box to full operational status. Both Berkeley Homes and Greenwich Council recognise that the completion of the station would be conditional on receiving sufficient funding contributions from the developers and businesses that stand to benefit from a Crossrail station at Woolwich. The contributions would be in addition to any London-wide Crossrail funding arrangements that may be agreed, and no additional public sector debt capacity would be made available. Fit-out of the station could take place only once sufficient private sector contributions had been received.
More work needs to be done to flesh out this deal, but the House can now have sufficient confidence that Berkeley Homes and Greenwich Council have the commitment and the right incentives to do that. This is a very significant change from the position last October, as there is now a clear way forward to deliver a station at Woolwich without adding to the costs of Crossrail already identified.
On this basis I am now able to table an amendment to the Bill to provide powers for the station. In due course, the House will be invited to agree a further instruction to the Committee in respect of Woolwich.
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Education and Skills (Lord Adonis): My right honourable friend the Secretary of State for Education and Skills (Alan Johnson) has made the following Written Ministerial Statement.
I have today laid before the House a Green Paper, Raising Expectations: Staying in Education and Training Post-16, which sets out the Government's proposals that young people should continue to participate in some form of education or training until the age of 18.
The Green Paper sets out proposals to raise the aspirations of young people and to galvanise the entire education system to offer them more, so that they are able to stay on and achieve success. The benefits to young people, the economy and society will be significant. For young people, participating in education and training for longer and achieving more will lead to better outcomes: improved job prospects, higher earnings and better health. Employers know that, as the skills of employees improve, their workforce becomes more productive.
These proposals have a long history. Both the 1918 and 1944 Education Acts sought to keep young people learning up to age 18, though these provisions were never successfully implemented. It has now been 35 years since the last change in the leaving age, 35 years in which the UK has been transformed technologically, economically and socially. There are many fewer unskilled jobs; a 16 year-old leaving school with no qualifications today is not prepared for the economy and society they are entering. As the
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We already recognise this need for improved skills. We are already committed to making sure that 90 per cent of 17 year-olds will participate in education or training by 2015. This is a challenging target that we are confident we will meet, and it will represent a real improvement on the current participation rate in England of 76 per cent; yet it will still not be enough to pull us into the top tier internationally. The current UK participation rate places us 20th out of 30 OECD countries. Even an improvement to 90 per cent would only place us around 10th, and that assumes that other countries make no progress. So we need to move beyond 90 per cent participation to compete globally, but also for reasons of social justice. If 10 per cent of young people do not participate, there is a risk that those young people with lower aspirations, who perhaps come from families and communities who have themselves had a poor experience of schooling, will miss out as participation increases. Within this group are often the young people who would have most to gain from longer participation and higher attainment. We cannot allow the most disadvantaged to miss out.
The central proposal recognises that different routes will work better for different young people. That is why Raising Expectations does not simply propose to raise the school leaving age; rather, it proposes that young people should be able to choose the route that best suits them: this could be in school, college or at work, working towards general qualifications, one of the new diplomas or an apprenticeship. This range of provision and flexibility of approach will be critical to ensure that there is a suitable and attractive route for every young person. It will also mean that young people can choose to work alongside learning if they want to. We are already committed, as part of the programme of reforms detailed in the 2005 14-19 Education and Skills White Paper, to expand the curriculum options available to young people and do not seek to raise the
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Raising Expectations sets out the Government's commitment to ensure that every young person is given the appropriate information, advice and guidance, and the right financial and other support to ensure that they can access the right programme of study to suit their needs and aspirations. It also sets out ways in which the Government will continue to encourage employers to provide valuable training opportunities for young people who want to work as they learn. These include increasing the number of apprenticeships available, utilising train-to-gain brokers to help employers find a training opportunity that meets a business need and improving the accreditation system so that all substantial and good-quality employer training is recognised.
Raising Expectations is predicated on a solid foundation of good economic sense and strong social justice. It recognises the challenges of implementation and sets out how we propose to meet these challenges. In doing so, it sets out a clear vision of how all young people can benefit from longer participation and higher attainment and how society and the economy will benefit in turn.
It is expected that the Finance Bill will be published on Thursday 29 March. Explanatory Notes on the Bill's clauses will be available in the Vote Office, the Printed Paper Office and in the Libraries of both Houses on that day. The public will be able to obtain copies of the Explanatory Notes from the Treasury. These will also be available on the Treasury's website at www.hm-treasury.gov.uk.
I am delighted to inform the House that I have today, in my capacity as Secretary of State for Wales, undertaken my formal responsibility under the Government of Wales Act 2006 to make the new Standing Orders of the National Assembly for Wales. This gives full effect to the proposals unanimously agreed by the Assembly on 7 February.
The Government of Wales Act 2006 is the most important step forward for devolution since the establishment of the National Assembly for Wales in 1999. The Act puts Wales on a new constitutional footing and represents a landmark step in the growing strength, stature and self-confidence of the Assembly.
By granting enhanced legislative powers for Wales, the Act will enable the Assembly to deliver tailor-made policies for the people of Wales. By putting the possibility of primary powers on the statute book for the first time ever, subject to the approval of the people of Wales in a referendum, it will settle the constitutional status of the Assembly for a generation.
Since 17 May 2006 the Standing Orders Committee of the Assembly has been working to put in place a set of procedures that will enable the Assembly to take full advantage of the tremendous opportunities that the new powers in the Government of Wales Act provide. Unlike the Assemblys Standing Orders under the 1998 Act, these new procedures were developed in Wales, for Wales, by the elected representatives of the people of Wales.
I congratulate all sides of the Assembly on their work to establish the new procedures under which it will operate from May. It will be for the Members of the new National Assembly to make these Standing Orders work and to deliver a brighter future for the people of Wales.
Copies of the Standing Orders have been placed in the Library and the Vote Office. They are also available on the Wales Office website, www.walesoffice.gov.uk.
The Lord President of the Council (Baroness Amos): My right honourable friend the Deputy Prime Minister is today announcing the publication of the official government magazine to commemorate the bicentenary of the abolition of the slave trade.
Although slavery itself was not abolished until 1833, the Emancipation Act 1807 marked the beginning of the end for the transatlantic slave trade, which had seen more than 12 million men, women and children bought and sold into slavery and more than 2 million die.
The anniversary of the Act is a chance to look into the past, to remember a period of dreadful inhumanity and to pay tribute to the campaigners who fought this injustice and to those who enforced the new law, including the Royal Navy. It is also an opportunity to look forward and to recognise the tremendous contribution of black African and Caribbean communities not only to the success of this country but also to the vibrancy of our culture and heritage.
It is also an important opportunity to recognise the fact that slavery did not die out with the end of the transatlantic trade. There are an estimated 12.3 million enslaved people in the world today. In the 21st century, slavery persists in the form of human trafficking, bonded labour and the forced recruitment of child soldiers.
The Government want to ensure that we gain the best possible legacy from the bicentenary, so as part of our work to commemorate this anniversary and to focus attention on tackling contemporary or legacy issues that arise out of the slave trade I am pleased to announce that we are today publishing a commemorative magazine to mark the bicentenary.
The magazine aims to inform the public about the slave trade, those who fought for its abolition and the subsequent emancipation process, and of work taking place to tackle discrimination in Britain and forms of slavery still present in the world today. Copies will be distributed to museums, libraries and local community organisations across the country over the next few days. Copies will also be sent to all MPs and Peers.
In the mean time further information about the bicentenary, including details of events all around the country to mark the anniversary, can be found at www.direct.gov.uk/slavery. Copies of the magazine will also be placed in the Library for the reference of noble Lords and made available in the Printed Paper Office.
The Minister of State, Home Office (Baroness Scotland of Asthal): My right honourable friend the Secretary of State for the Home Department (John Reid) has made the following Written Ministerial Statement.
Section 14(1) of the Prevention of Terrorism Act 2005 (the 2005 Act) requires me to report to Parliament as soon as reasonably practicable after the end of every relevant three-month period on the exercise of the control order powers during that period.
Control orders continue to be an essential tool to protect the public from terrorism, particularly where it is not possible to prosecute individuals for terrorist-related activity and, in the case of foreign nationals, where they cannot be removed from the UK.
From 11 December 2006 to 10 March 2007 four new control orders were made. Three were made with the permission of the court under Section 3(1)(a) of the 2005 Act; two were served on British citizensone on 28 December 2006 and one on 3 January 2007and one was served on a foreign national on 9 March 2007. A control order was already in force at the beginning of this reporting period in relation to the foreign national; it was revoked and the new order made and served in its place.
The fourth control order was made using the urgency procedures under Section 3(1)(b) of the 2005 Act and was served on 16 February 2007. This replaced a control order on the same individual that was already in force at the beginning of this reporting period. The previous control order was revoked at the same time the new control order was served. The court confirmed the new control order on 21 February 2007. The revocation of the old order and service of the new control order was as a result of the High Court judgment of 16 February in the case of Secretary of State for the Home Department v E  EWHC 233 (Admin). This was the third control order review hearing under Section 3(10) of the Prevention of Terrorism Act 2005 but the first hearing with full evidence about the factual issues of a case. The court accepted that the Secretary of State had reasonable grounds for suspecting that E was involved in terrorism-related activity. However, the court found that the control order obligations cumulatively amounted to a deprivation of E's liberty under Article 5(1) of the ECHR and that the Secretary of State's decision to maintain E's control order was flawed because he failed to review the prospects of prosecuting E in the light of certain Belgian judgments after they were received and translated. The control order was quashed on that basis. The full judgment is available via www.judiciary.gov.uk. The Secretary of State is appealing this judgment. Before making the new order against E, the Crown Prosecution Service reviewed the Belgian judgments referred to above and other recent material. The position remains that there is insufficient admissible evidence available to the police that could realistically be used for prosecuting him for an offence relating to terrorism. However, the position will be kept under review.
In total, therefore, 18 control orders are currently in force, nine of which are in respect of British citizens. Eight of the individuals live in the Metropolitan Police area; the rest fall within other police force areas.
During the period, one modification of control order obligations was made, three modification requests remain outstanding and 10 requests to modify a control order obligation were refused. A right of appeal exists in Section 10(3) of the 2005 Act against a decision by the Secretary of State not to modify an obligation contained in a control order. This has not yet been exercised in respect of these refusals. An appeal has been made in respect of a modification made during the previous quarter. In addition, an appeal has been considered as part of one of the control order review hearings; in the other control order review hearing that took place during the period there was no formal appeal against modifications refused, but the issues raised by the refusals were considered by the court.
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