MIGRATION: PRIORITY ACTIONS FOR RESPONDING
TO THE CHALLENGE (15204/05)
Letter from the Chairman to Tony McNulty
MP, Minister of State, Home Office
Sub-Committee F (Home Affairs) of the House
of Lords Committee on the European Union examined the Communication,
setting out priority actions for responding to migration challenges,
at a meeting on 1 February. This document was examined alongside
Annex I to the Council Conclusions adopted at the European Council
meeting of 15 and 16 December 2005, which builds on this Communication.
The Committee takes note of the funding commitment
to North African countries, agreed by the Council, to help them
better to manage migratory flows around their territory. It welcomes
the emphasis on a balanced and comprehensive approach to migration
issues, and agrees on the need to engage Sub-Saharan States, not
just North Africa, so as to address the root causes of migration.
The Committee decided to clear the document
from scrutiny, but would be glad to receive details of the budget
allocated for the Union's external policies on migration in the
current and next financial perspectives, and what financial instruments
are being considered, other than the European Neighbourhood and
Partnership Instrument, for priority actions focusing on Africa
and the Mediterranean.
1 February 2006
Letter from Tony McNulty MP to the Chairman
Thank you for your letter of 1 February requesting
details of EU funding for external policies on migration in relation
to the Commission Communication on follow-up to Hampton Court,
and the European Council Conclusions of December 2005 on priority
actions on migration.
Regarding the budget allocated for the Union's
external policies on migration in the current financial perspectives,
this is primarily covered by the AENEAS funding programme. The
scope of AENEAS is to provide assistance to third countries in
the area of migration and asylum. The programme was allocated
a budget of 250 million for the period 2004-08. The 2005
round has a total of 40.35 million available, with North
and Sub-Saharan Africa specified as priority regions.
Specific migration external policy funding is
complemented by geographic instruments. The MEDA programme provides
financial support to European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) southern
partner countries, to promote economic development, peace and
stability. In 2000-06 MEDA assistance will total 5.3 billion.
In addition, the ARGO programme, also due to run until the end
of 2006, funds cooperation in the fields of external borders,
visas, asylum and immigration, and includes Member States' co-operation
activities. in third countries.
In view of the conclusion of the current EU
financial framework at the end of 2006, AENEAS has now been shortened
to three years. It will be replaced by a new thematic programme
within the framework of the financial perspectives 2007-13. This
thematic programme will cover five strands: migration and development,
economic migration, illegal immigration and readmission, migrant
rights and integration, and asylum and international protection.
The Commission issued a Communication, "Thematic programme
for the cooperation with third countries in the areas of migration
and asylum", on 25 January. I will be sending you an Explanatory
Memorandum setting out the detail of the Communication shortly.
From 2007, MEDA and TACIS (the main funding
programme for Europe's Eastern neighbourhood) will be replaced
by a single, dedicated European Neighbourhood and Partnership
Instrument (ENPI). This instrument will finance joint projects
that bring together regions from EU Members States and partner
countries sharing a common border. It will have a specific focus
on cross-border cooperation and intra-regional cooperation. The
Commission has proposed 10.4 billion for the ENPI for 2007-13.
The European Council agreed to ring-fence up to 3 per cent of
ENPI for migration in its Conclusions of December 2005, "Global
Approach to Migration: Priority actions focusing on Africa and
Another new instrumentthe Development
Cooperation and Economic Cooperation Instrument (DCECI)will
also be set up to provide support for all developing countries
not covered under the ENPI or candidate and pre-accession countries.
It provides the framework and legal base for the Community's development
programmes and has as its overarching aim to eradicate global
poverty and promote sustainable development, including the pursuit
of the Millennium Development Goals. Promoting good governance,
democracy and respect for human rights are key elements of this
instrument. In many regards, long term funding through the DCECI
will address the root causes of migration from many parts of the
world, by seeking to combat poverty and under-development, support
fragile states and address issues of bad governance and instability.
2 March 2006