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Children: TV Advertising

Lord Dykes asked Her Majesty's Government:

Lord Davies of Oldham: Under the Communications Act 2003 Ofcom has a statutory duty to protect children and the responsibility for the regulation of broadcast advertising.

More broadly, the Government have announced as part of the recently published Children's Plan that they will commission a new independent assessment of evidence relating to the impact on children of their changing commercial environment.

Baroness Coussins asked Her Majesty's Government:

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Health (Lord Darzi of Denham): A large number of associations have called on the Government for a pre-9 pm watershed ban on the advertising of high fat, salt and sugar foods. Ofcom conducted a regulatory impact assessment and concluded that a pre-9 pm watershed ban would be disproportionate. Government policy in this area is continuously under review. We are monitoring the impact of current Ofcom regulations on advertising to children, and we have always been clear that if we do not see significant progress in the nature and balance of food promotion, then we will look again at how we can make faster progress as part of our drive to tackle obesity and promote healthier lifestyles.

Climate Change: Emissions Trading

Lord Beaumont of Whitley asked Her Majesty's Government:

The Minister of State, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Lord Rooker): The UK contribution to scarcity of allowances is not less in

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Phase II than in Phase I. The cap is higher in Phase II due to the inclusion of 9.5MtCO2 from activities not included in Phase I. But this does not mean that the contribution to scarcity is less. The levels of scarcity reflect how much reduction is required from business as usual projections to meet the cap.

A comparison of the level of scarcity shows that in Phase I the UK allocation to installations covered by the scheme was 65MtCO2 less than what was required in business as usual projections. This represents an annual effort of 21.66MtCO2.

In Phase II the UK allocation to installations covered by the scheme is 145MtCO2 less than what will be required in business as usual projections. This represents an annual effort of 29MtCO2.

Lord Beaumont of Whitley asked Her Majesty's Government:

The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office & Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform (Lord Jones of Birmingham): The UK's EU ETS Phase II National Allocation Plan (NAP) provides full details of all the UK installations that have been allocated phase II allowances and the number of allowances each will receive.

The NAP is published in full on the Defra website at: http://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/climate change/trading/eu/operators/phase-2.htm.

Climate Change: Greenhouse Gases

Lord Beaumont of Whitley asked Her Majesty's Government:

The Minister of State, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Lord Rooker): As part of its sustainable consumption and production evidence programme, Defra commissions research to enable a better understanding of the environmental impacts of UK-consumed products along their supply chains. One study under way is investigating the possibility of developing an indicator for greenhouse gas emissions embedded in imported goods and commodities.



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Climate Change: Research

Lord Dykes asked Her Majesty's Government:

The Minister of State, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Lord Rooker): My department has no plans to fund the GLIMPSE project directly.

I understand that Swansea University's GLIMPSE team has significant funding from the Leverhulme Trust for its important climate research better to understand the dynamics of the Greenland ice sheet, and has several other research grants from the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) which support this work.

Jointly with the Ministry of Defence, my department funds significant climate research and modelling at the Met Office Hadley Centre (MOHC). MOHC works closely with the British Antarctic Survey (BAS), other NERC institutes and NERC-funded academic groups to improve understanding of the response of ice sheets to climate change; as well as to improve representations of ice sheets in climate models.

This integrating work will be strengthened through the new Met Office / NERC Joint Climate Research Programme and I anticipate that this will include close co-operation with the Swansea team.

Crime: Knives

Lord Laird asked Her Majesty's Government:

Lord Rooker: Table 1 gives the number of crimes recorded where a knife was involved in the crime, regardless of how the knife was used, and the number of these crimes cleared by means of a charge or summons between 1 December 2006 and 30 November 2007.

Court prosecution and conviction datasets do not contain background information in relation to the commission of an offence so it is not possible to separately identify the number of convictions for offences in which a knife was involved. It is only possible to provide prosecution and conviction statistics for those offences which, in their definition, refer to an “offensive weapon” or “article with blade or point”, within which knives are included.

Prosecution and conviction data, documented in table 2, are given for the calendar year 2005 (the latest available year) and are collated on the principal offence rule; so only the most serious offence with which an offender is charged is included.



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Table 1: Number of crimes recorded where a knife was involved in the crime and the number of these crimes cleared by means of charge or summons between 1 December 2006 and 30 November 2007.
Number recordedNumber cleared by charge / summons

896

274

Table 2: Number prosecuted and convicted for offensive weapon offences by offence 2005.
ProsecutedConvicted

Armed with offensive weapon with intent to commit offence

6

1

Possessing offensive weapon in public place

235

188

Possessing article with blade or point in public place

23

20

TOTAL

264

209

Crime: Murder of Paul Quinn

Lord Laird asked Her Majesty's Government:

Lord Rooker: The murder of Paul Quinn is currently under investigation by the An Garda Siochana and the PSNI are co-operating very closely with the investigation. In view of this it would not be appropriate for me to comment further.

Defence: Outputs

Lord Astor of Hever asked Her Majesty's Government:

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Ministry of Defence (Baroness Taylor of Bolton): There is no detailed description available of what is included in each defence output category.

e-Borders

The Earl of Northesk asked Her Majesty's Government:

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Home Office (Lord West of Spithead): The term travel document information (TDI) refers to specified biographical information (name, date of birth, nationality, gender, travel document type, state of issue number and expiry date) relating to a passenger. This information is contained in the machine readable zone (MRZ) of suitably equipped travel documents.

Other passenger information (OPI) relates to any other data relating to a passenger held by a carrier in its reservations system and may include, for example, the date on which a reservation was made and payment method.

Passenger name records (PNR) are an industry term used by scheduled air carriers to describe the reservation details held by them.

Education: Commonwealth Scholarships

Lord Luce asked Her Majesty's Government:

The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Malloch-Brown): I am pleased to inform the noble Lord that we will maintain our commitment to the Commonwealth Scholarship and Fellowship Plan in 2008-09 at £2.05 million, the same amount as this year.

Elections: House of Commons

Lord Beaumont of Whitley: asked Her Majesty’s Government:

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Ministry of Justice (Lord Hunt of Kings Heath): There are currently no plans to change the voting system for the House of Commons. However, the Government will be publishing a review of the new voting systems introduced in the UK since 1997 to inform this debate. The review considers the experience of the voting systems introduced for the Scottish Parliament, the Assemblies for Wales and Northern Ireland, the European

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Parliament, the London Assembly and the London Mayoral elections since 1997. The Minister of State for Justice, Michael Wills MP, announced on 11 December 2007 that the Government have completed the review and that it is being made ready for publication in January 2008.

Embryology

Lord Alton of Liverpool asked Her Majesty's Government:

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Health (Lord Darzi of Denham):The table below sets out the number of sperm and egg donors since 2000, from data provided to the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority. The number of sperm donors has remained relatively stable over that period but the number of egg donors has reduced. We have made no specific analysis of the reasons, but we are supporting the National Gamete Donation Trust to assess and spread good practice on donor recruitment.

YearSperm donorsYearEgg Donors

2000

325

2000

1242

2001

328

2001

1315

2002

278

2002

1179

2003

255

2003

1056

2004

247

2004

1064

2005

260

2005

956

2006

295

2006

768

Lord Alton of Liverpool asked Her Majesty's Government:

Lord Darzi of Denham: I refer the noble Lord to the Answer given on 18 December, (Official Report, col. WA 116).


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