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The Minister of State, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Lord Rooker): Levels of fly-tipping can be affected by a variety of economic and social issues. Therefore, what is required in a fly-tipping prevention and enforcement strategy will differ between local authorities and will be for each authority to determine.
However, in general terms, important elements of fly-tipping prevention and enforcement may include: close monitoring and analysis of fly-tipping levels in order to locate and understand hotspots; effective communication with residents and businesses on correct waste management; a clear, well communicated policy for dealing with offenders; and a joined-up approach within the local authority and neighbouring districts.
In order to help local authorities formulate fly-tipping prevention strategies, Defra commissioned the Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science, part of University College London, to carry out research into the causes and incentives for fly-tipping and the best ways to prevent it (Fly-tipping: Causes, Incentives and Solutions).
What consideration they have given to the usefulness of assessing the amount and proportion of waste that is recycled or reused, and that which goes to landfill, by volume instead of or in addition to by weight. [HL1131]
The Minister of State, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Lord Rooker): There are difficulties in assessing waste by volume rather than by weight, notably the level of compaction when collected and in landfill sites, which varies by material and may change over time. As set out in the England Waste Strategy 2007, the Government prefer to complement waste tonnage figures with estimates of the carbon effects of waste prevention, recycling and disposal practices. The Government are also considering developing a greenhouse gas emissions performance indicator for local authority performance on waste.
Whether under-performing rivers such as the Stour in Kent can still offer local urban and semi-urban communities adequate protection from effluent pollution in areas of rapid population increase.[HL887]
The Minister of State, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Lord Rooker): The Environment Agency has a policy of preventing deterioration in the environmental quality of rivers, which is being carried forward into its duty under the European water framework directive to prevent deterioration in the ecological and chemical status of all water bodies.
In accordance with this policy, the Environment Agency determines applications for consent to discharge effluent to controlled waters with the aim of preventing deterioration in water quality. The
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In the five-yearly periodic review of water company price limits, the Environment Agency and water companies identify sewerage infrastructure schemes; for example, increases to the treatment capacity of sewage treatment works to take account of planned housing developments.
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