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We have also been looking at destigmatising mental health conditions in the workplace. The Department of Health, in partnership with Shift, has taken forward the successful Action on Stigma campaign, which tackles the stigma and discrimination that people with
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We need to go further in improving the support for those with mental health conditions to help them stay in work or to return to work quickly. Since 1997, the Government have made a record investment in mental health services. Real terms investment in adult mental health services has increased by nearly a third in the past five years alone. We now have over 60 per cent more consultant psychiatrists, 70 per cent more clinical psychologists and at least 20 per cent more mental health nurses than in 1997.
As the noble Baroness, Lady Meacher, said, last October we announced a significant investment to deliver the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies programme, rising to £173 million in the third year. That will enable the training of more than 3,000 extra therapists to deliver psychological interventions for up to 900,000 more people over those three years. My department is working closely with the Department of Health on this, and we will make sure that it links with our Pathways to Work programme, which is now available across the country. We are providing funding to test private and voluntary sector delivery of employment support within the IAPT programme itself. Employment advisers will help individual customers to remain in, or quickly return to, work, or find jobs that are more suitable for them. As the noble Baroness, Lady Meacher, said, we need to go further in improving the integration of health and employment programmes to ensure that those out of work with mental health conditions have the best possible support to consider a return to work and that employers have the appropriate information and support to make the necessary adjustments that can make a return to work possible.
Yesterdays survey from the CBI illustrated the considerable employer support for the introduction of what Dame Carol Black described as fit notes. We have been working with a wide range of stakeholders to create a revised medical certificate that is more positive and supports GPs in providing the best possible advice to their patients. More helpful fitness-for-work advice can also help employers to facilitate an earlier return to work, by switching the focus from what people cannot do to what they can do. We are doing so in replacing incapacity benefit with the employment and support allowance. The Department of Health has already agreed to pilot a fit for work service, as recommended by Dame Carol. The DWP has set up a vocational rehabilitation task force to determine what incentives and disincentives currently exist and how we might better encourage employers to provide such services.
The CBI survey also highlighted the significant challenge that is still facing the public sector in tacking sickness absence. All government departments now report their sickness absence to the Cabinet Office on
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To reflect the importance of mental health support for the future health of Britains working age population, we have asked Dame Carol Black to support us in producing, for the first time, a co-ordinated, cross-government strategy for mental health and employment. It will build on our current work to address and meet the challenges faced by people with mental health problems, helping to improve their employment chances. Providing improved support to employers, linking mental health and employment programmes, tackling stigma and discrimination and the other issues mentioned today will all be considered as we develop this strategy. Dame Carol has agreed to take the lead on that work, supported by a group of eminent experts from the business, medical and academic worlds, including my noble friend Lord Layard.
The Government are committed to the challenge of reducing the impact of mental health issues on business, reducing sickness absence and improving more generally the health of the working age population. The noble Lord, Lord Ramsbotham, referred to the five identified components of an effective work-based programme in the Sainsbury centre report. Across government, work is under way on each of those components. The recognition by employers that work is, on the whole, good for mental and physical health lies at the heart of our health, work and well-being programme. The HSEs stress management standards address issues of prevention, Shifts action on stigma, awareness training and improving
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In the remaining time, I will pick up on the specific questions that were asked. My noble friend Lady Meacher asked about the linking rules again. I will write more fully on that. I am afraid that we are not yet in agreement with her on the issue of not having to have a claim in the system to access that. We are looking at making sure that the claim process and the reclaim process can be as smooth and effective as possible.
On the mental health of the prison population, there has been extra investment each year in mental health in-reach services and additional funding over three years for support in training for prison officers and staff on mental health. The figure is £600,000; the noble Lord may think that it should be more than that, but we are seeking to focus on that.
The noble Baroness, Lady Meacher, asked what we are doing to encourage employment support workers within psychological therapy services. I touched on that a little, but the IAPT programme is working with the NHS to encourage the provision of employment support workers in IAPT services. The programme is rolling out at present and the first services will come on stream in September 2008. The DWP is also testing the provision of employment support workers in psychological therapy teams.
I hope that noble Lords will acknowledge that that is some real progress with real opportunities in future on a range of matters on which we now have a real focus. I again thank the noble Baroness for raising this important issue and all noble Lords who have contributed.
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