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Aluminium, as with other valuable materials, is a globally traded commodity and is exported for recovery to where the best price is paid. Many products are manufactured in the Far East and there is an increasing demand, therefore, for recyclable materials in these countries. Overall, this helps the global effort to boost recycling and reduce reliance on natural resources.
Under the controls that apply to the export of waste, aluminium scrap is classed as a green list waste, and as such it can be exported for recycling to many countries under normal commercial controls. Those countries have informed the European Commission that they are content to receive such wastes for recycling.
Whether the system developed by the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology to measure endocrine disruption from steroid oestrogens in rivers will be marketed overseas; and, if so, which organisation will be responsible for doing so. [HL5657]
The Minister of State, Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills (Lord Drayson): The Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH) is a wholly owned research centre of the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), which is in turn funded by the DIUS. The CEH has developed a set of new modelling approaches that enables users to describe and predict the fate and behaviour of oestrogenic steroids in water bodies, and in particular their concentrations in rivers. Research into the application of the new methodology is still in progress and the modelling system is being tested and improved by the CEH and its spin-out partner Wallingford HydroSolutions.
What plans they have to improve the level of public services available to vulnerable infants in need of child education welfare services, with a view to reducing the risk of longer-term anti-social behaviour or violent behaviour. [HL5665]
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Children, Schools and Families (Baroness Morgan of Drefelin): Over the financial years 2008-11, the Government are investing over £3 billion in Sure Start children's centres for children under five and their families. The greater part of this investment is intended for intensive support to families in the most disadvantaged communities and those children who
28 Oct 2008 : Column WA164
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