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The overall CIRM budget available for the call is $200 million, and in addition to MRC, CIRM is partnering three other agencies under this call for applications under similar arrangementsthe State of Victoria, Australia; the Cancer Stem Cell Consortium of Canada; and the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (MICINN). Through this collaborative funding partner programme, California-based principal investigators (Pis) can collaborate with researchers eligible for funding by any of these agencies.
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
To ask Her Majesty's Government further to the Written Answer by Lord Drayson on 5 May (HL2987), whether they can provide examples of original research publications describing human embryonic stem cells derived by nuclear transfer in which a primary or significant focus on such stem cells would not have been revealed without trained scrutiny of the entire content of a paper. [HL3352]
To ask Her Majesty's Government further to the Written Answer by Lord Drayson on 5 May (HL2987), which significant examples of research publications describing induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells can be cited for which neither the terms induced pluripotent stem cell nor iPS cell were explicitly used in the title, abstract or associated keywords, such that trained scrutiny of the entire content of a paper would be required to determine if research with such cells was described therein. [HL3353]
Lord Drayson: I refer the noble Lord to my previous Answer on 5 May (col. WA99) (HL2987).
Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool
To ask Her Majesty's Government further to the Written Answer by Lord Drayson on 5 May (HL2987), whether the citation rate of research papers normalised by subject area has provided a reliable measure of their quality in the case of papers claiming to have derived human embryonic stem cells following nuclear transfer, beginning with those described in the journal Science (Volume 303, pages 16691674). [HL3355]
Lord Drayson: The MRC has not undertaken an analysis of citation rates for research papers claiming to have derived human embryonic stem cells from nuclear transfer, and this could not be undertaken without incurring disproportionate cost.
Asked by Lord Carlile of Berriew
To ask Her Majesty's Government by what amount carbon emissions will be reduced by proposals for wind power generation on land in the United Kingdom; and how much carbon will be generated by the construction and manufacture of the generating capacity and infrastructure involved. [HL3108]
The Minister of State, Department of Energy and Climate Change & Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Lord Hunt of Kings Heath): The UK renewable energy strategy consultation document set out scenarios for deployment of renewable energy needed to meet the UK's share of the EU renewable energy target. The central scenario presented in the consultation document hhtp://decc.gov.uk/en/content/cms/what_we_do/uk_supply/energy_mix/renewables/res/res.aspx suggested that the UK might need to produce around 32 per cent electricity demand from renewable sources by 2020.
This level of renewable electricity was estimated to save between 45 to 50 MtCO2 in 2020, of which around 27 per cent, or 12 to 13 MtCO2 could be attributable to onshore wind. Emissions from electricity generation are covered by the emissions trading scheme (ETS). Carbon savings from onshore wind are not counted as additional to ETS emissions reductions.
Carbon savings are estimated by comparing the emissions from the generation mix under the renewable energy target, against emissions from the forecast generation mix under current measures, including RO banding. Estimates were made by independent consultants Redpoint et al (2008), and do not include any estimates for lifecycle emissions (from construction and manufacture) either of the renewable technologies, or of the conventional alternative.
To ask Her Majesty's Government when there will be a further announcement about the introduction of domestic smart meters; and when the installation of those meters will commence. [HL3329]
The Minister of State, Department of Energy and Climate Change & Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Lord Hunt of Kings Heath): The Government published a consultation on smart metering on 11 May 2009. The consultation is available on the open consultations section of the DECC website.
The consultation document includes discussion of the preparation programme that will be needed before the rollout of smart meters can begin. The preparation programme, and the start date for rollout, will reflect final decisions on the issues covered by the consultation.
To ask Her Majesty's Government what action they have taken to improve the physical and mental health of children and young adults in foster care. [HL3370]
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Children, Schools and Families (Baroness Morgan of Drefelin): The Government are taking a number of steps to improve the physical and mental health of looked after children. In particular, we are currently consulting on revised statutory guidance on promoting the health and well-being of looked after children. This guidance will be statutory on primary care trusts, strategic health authorities and local authorities and it will clearly outline the steps that should be taken to improve both physical and mental health. In addition, we have introduced an indicator within the national indicator set to measure progress on improving the emotional and behavioural health of looked after children. Other actions being taken include taking forward the recommendations of the CAMHS review in relation to vulnerable children, the piloting of multi-dimensional Treatment Foster Care and our wider Care Matters programme to improve outcomes for looked after children. This programme includes a number of measures to improve the quality of placements and of care planning which impact on children's health and well-being.
To ask Her Majesty's Government what system is in place to tackle the disproportionately high rate of teenage pregnancy among young people in foster care. [HL3371]
Baroness Morgan of Drefelin: We share concerns about England's high rate of teenage pregnancies including among children in care. That is why this Government launched the Teenage Pregnancy Strategy in 1999, following a detailed report by the Social Exclusion Unit.
Between 1998 and 2007 we have achieved a 10.7 per cent fall in the under-18 conception rate and a 6.4 per cent fall in the under-16 rate, reversing the previous upward trend. Within the overall reduction in teenage conceptions, teenage births have fallen by 23.3 per cent over the same period.
Our strategy places a strong focus on targeted interventions with young people at greatest risk of teenage pregnancy, in particular looked-after children and care leavers. Government guidance to local areas on effective local teenage pregnancy strategies highlights the importance of training and support for foster carers in helping them talk to their foster children about sex and relationships. The CWDC's Foster Care Training, Support and Development Standards, which set out the skills which all foster carers are expected to demonstrate, include sexual health promotion.
We are currently consulting on guidance on the health and well-being of looked-after children, which will be statutory for primary care trusts and strategic health authorities as well as on local authorities. This includes specific guidance relating to the prevention of teenage pregnancy.
While girls and young women in care are still far more likely to give birth than those not in care, there has been a welcome recent fall in the number of girls and young women who are mothers in the looked-after population (12 years old and older) from 360 in 2007 to 280 in 2008 (source: SSDA903 return on children looked after).
|Table A5: Mothers aged 12 years and over looked after at 31 March by age at 31 March, age at birth of first child, category of need, ethnic origin and placement|
|Years ending 31 March 2005 to 20081,2,3|
All mothers aged 12 years old and over looked after at 31 March1,2
To ask Her Majesty's Government what action they have taken to reduce the proportion of young people in foster care entering the youth justice system. [HL3373]
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