Nanotechnologies and Food - Science and Technology Committee Contents



BASF  BASF chemical company

BIS  Department for Business, Innovation and Skills

BRASS  Centre for Business Relationships, Accountability, Sustainability and Society

BSE  Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

COT  Committee on Toxicity

COM  Committee on Mutagenicity

COC  Committee on Carcinogenicity

CSL  Central Science Laboratory (now part of the Food and

  Environment Research Agency)

CST  Council for Science and Technology

DEFRA  Department for the Environment, Food and Agriculture

DG SANCO  Directorate General for Health and Consumer Affairs

DH  Department of Health

DIUS  Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills (now known as BIS)

DWP  Department for Work and Pensions

EFSA  European Food Safety Authority

EHS  Environmental, Health and Safety

ENM  Engineered NanoMaterials

EPA  Environmental Protection Agency

EPSRC  Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

EU  European Union

FAIA  Food Additives and Ingredients Association

FAO  Food and Agriculture Organisation

FDA  Food and Drink Administration

FDF  Food and Drink Federation

FSA  Food Standards Agency

GI  Gastro-intestinal tract

GM  Genetically Modified

GRAS  Generally Regarded As Safe

HARN  High Aspect Ratio Nanoparticles

IFR  Institute of Food Research

IFST  Institute of Food Science and Technology

ISO  International Organization for Standardization

LFI  Leatherhead Food International

MMR  Measles, Mumps and Rubella

MRC  Medical Research Council

MRCHNR  MRC Collaborative Centre for Human Nutrition Research

nanoKTN  Nanotechnology Knowledge Transfer Network

NEG  Nanotechnology Engagement Group

NERC  Natural Environment Research Council

NGO  Non-governmental Organisations

NIA  Nanotechnology Industries Association

NRCG  Nanotechnology Research Coordination Group

OECD  Organisations for Economic Co-operation and Development

RAEng  Royal Academy of Engineering

RCEP  Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution

RCUK  Research Councils UK

REACH  Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and restriction of CHemicals

RO  Research Objective

RS  Royal Society

RSC  Royal Society of Chemistry

SCCP  Scientific Committee on Consumer Products

SCENIHR  Scientific Committee on Emerging and Newly Identified Health Risks

TEC  Transatlantic Economic Council

TSB  Technology Strategy Board

UNEP  United Nations Environmental Programme

UK  United Kingdom

US  United States

VC  Venture Capitalists

WHO  World Health Organisation

WWC  Woodrow Wilson International Centre for Scholars


Aggregation  The creation of larger particles by a number of smaller ones by mutual attraction via physical forces; this happens more easily for nanosized particles than for larger ones.

Agglomeration  The creation of larger particles by a number of smaller ones by mutual attraction via chemical forces; this happens more easily for nanosized particles than for larger ones.

Anti-microbial   A substance that either kills or slows the growth of microbes.

Barrier property  The ability of packaging materials to prevent the passage of gas, liquids and other permeable substances.

Bioscience  Any science dealing with the structure and behaviour of living organisms.

Biotechnology   Any technological application of biological organisms or substances for a specific use.

Cell membrane  The outer covering of a cell which controls the exchange of substances between the cell and its surroundings.

Characterisation   The use of external techniques to probe into the internal structure and properties of a material.

Co-enzyme Q10  A vitamin-like substance present in cells which is available as a dietary supplement.

Emulsion  A mixture of two liquids which do not mix, where one is dispersed in the other in the form of fine droplets.

Flora  Bacteria and other microorganisms that normally live on or within the body.

Gastro-intestinal tract   The digestive system or "gut".

Inflammation   The reaction of tissues to irritation, injury or infection, which tries to destroy or remove the injurious agent and initiate the healing process.

Insoluble material  A substance that cannot be dissolved.

In vivo  Experimentation using living organisms, for example animal testing.

Lymphatic vessels  A network of thin-walled vessels that carry lymph (a protein-rich fluid containing white blood cells) throughout the body.

Macroscopic particles  Particles large enough to be seen by the unaided eye.

Nanoencapsulation  The coating or enclosing of a substance, as if within a capsule, within another material at the nanoscale level.

Nanometrology   The science of measurement at the nanoscale level.

Nanotoxicology  The study of the nature, effects and detection of harmful nanoscale substances on living organisms.

Toxicodynamics  The mechanisms by which toxins are absorbed, distributed, metabolised or excreted by the body.

Toxin  A poisonous substance produced by living cells or organisms.

Translocation   The transport of a substance from one location in the body to another.

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