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The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): My right honourable friend the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (William Hague) has made the following Written Ministerial Statement.
I wish to inform the House that the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, together with the Ministry of Defence and the Department for International Development, is today publishing the sixth progress report on developments in Afghanistan.
Insurgent activity in April did not increase significantly compared with that seen in March. Within Helmand levels of such activity remained particularly low compared to previous periods. However, seasonal trends associated with the completion of the poppy harvest, the large number of weapons caches still being found and the Taliban's declared intention to begin their spring offensive all suggest that activity will increase over the coming months.
The strength of the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) has grown again in April and this, combined with falling attrition rates, will help to ensure that the ANSF are increasingly able to meet this threat. The troubled Kabul Bank was taken over by the Government and split into two. The Special Court, established to investigate allegations of malpractice in the autumn parliamentary elections, completed its provincial recounts of the disputed parliamentary election results.
As the Prime Minister stated on 3 May, the death of al-Qaeda founder and leader Osama Bin Laden, killed by US ground forces in Pakistan on 2 May, presents a new opportunity for Afghanistan and Pakistan to work together to achieve stability on both sides of the border. We should take this opportunity to send a clear message to the Taliban: now is the time to separate themselves from al-Qaeda and participate in a peaceful political process.
I am placing the report in the Library of the House. It will also be published on the Foreign and Commonwealth Office website (www.fco.gov.uk) and the HMG UK and Afghanistan website (http://afghanistan.hmg.gov.uk/).
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Communities and Local Government (Baroness Hanham): My right honourable friend the Minister of State for Housing and Local Government (Grant Shapps) has made the following Written Ministerial Statement.
The Growth review reaffirmed our commitment to zero carbon. We need to deliver carbon savings in order to meet the carbon budgets to which we are committed, and this means that the carbon footprint of new homes cannot be allowed to add to our overall carbon reduction targets. But this needs to be done in ways which are cost effective and which protects the viability of house building. This Statement sets out more details of our policy.
A fundamental principle of environmental regulation is that the polluter pays. Previous approaches to zero carbon homes policy have sought to hold housebuilders responsible for abating the carbon emissions from household appliances. But occupants' use of appliances, such as computers or televisions, is not influenced by the design or structure of their home and is therefore beyond the control of the housebuilder.
Asking housebuilders to put in place measures to reduce the emissions from appliances is unfair; we have decided therefore that the regulatory threshold for zero carbon should be set to cover only those emissions which are within the scope of the building regulations, such as those from heating, ventilation, hot water, fixed lighting and building services.
There are already a number of existing policies which deal with emissions from appliances, including the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (which caps emissions from electricity generation) and product energy efficiency measures. Moreover, if housebuilders, working with local planning authorities, still wish to go further in abating emissions from appliances then they are of course free to do so. In order to prevent excessive burdens on industry and protect the viability of development, the Government will work with local authorities and developers to ensure that the cumulative impact of regulation and other costs can be assessed, without adding complex and unwieldy bureaucracy to plans.
As part of meeting the overall requirement, zero carbon homes must be energy efficient homes. We have already made clear our intention to introduce the fabric energy efficiency standard as based on the work of the Zero Carbon Hub. This will ensure that homes are warmer, and cheaper and easier to heat.
We also said that we would look again at the right level for carbon reductions on the site of the home itself-carbon compliance. The Zero Carbon Hub has led a large-scale review of evidence, working with industry, green groups and other experts. The Government have considered with care the findings from this work, and we intend to use the hub's recommendations on where to set the maximum levels of on site carbon dioxide emissions as a starting point for consultation as part of future revisions to the building regulations.
We are also keen to build on industry's commitment to move to an approach based on real world carbon savings, rather than modelled reductions in emissions. This is a bold step forward and will strengthen focus on innovation delivering new and better technologies and construction methods. We will work with industry to ensure both that this commitment becomes a reality and that effective assurance is put in place to guarantee the zero carbon standard and that real world carbon savings are achieved. The end result will be better homes and better protection for the environment.
The hub's report (Carbon Compliance: Setting An Appropriate Limit For Zero Carbon New Homes-Findings and Recommendations, February 2011) includes a number of detailed recommendations on technical matters which we will consider as part of the further work on the building regulations. It can be found at: http://www.zerocarbonhub.org/definition.aspx?page=8 .
Where housebuilders can deliver more ambitious carbon reductions on the site of the home than these minimum requirements, they will have the option to do so. Where it is not possible for housebuilders to do this cost effectively, we will ensure that a mechanism is available that allows housebuilders to meet their commitments at a cost no higher than the Government's long-term value of carbon. This ensures that the offsite requirement of the policy will be delivered cost effectively. This will give industry a benchmark against which to target innovation in carbon reduction technologies which will drive down costs over time.
Taken together, these proposals deliver a realistic and effective approach to zero carbon, on a par with the most ambitious international efforts to cut domestic carbon and build better, more sustainable homes, while at a greatly reduced cost to industry. However, we are keen to look at innovative ways for housebuilders to meet the additional costs associated with building zero-carbon homes. In particular, we are ready to explore with industry the potential of a green deal type financing approach for new homes, as a way of offsetting some of the up-front costs of zero carbon. We are aware that industry is already forming its thinking on how this can work, and we will continue to work with partners on how best to take this forward.
The United Kingdom Debt Management Office (DMO) has today published its business plan for the year 2011-12. Copies have been deposited in the Libraries of both Houses and are available on the DMO's website, www.dmo.gov.uk.
The Minister of State, Ministry of Justice (Lord McNally): My honourable friend the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Ministry of Justice (Jonathan Djanogly) has made the following Written Ministerial Statement.
Following the creation on 1 April of Her Majesty's Courts and Tribunals Service (HMCTS), I have agreed that the agency should explore the potential to modernise the way in which face to face services in the civil and family courts are provided through its public counters. This will allow a clearer focus of resources on those services which require face to face service and those which should be conducted through alternative means such as on-line or via the telephone.
In line with many other parts of government, business technology has revolutionised the way in which people conduct business with the courts. Seventy per cent of money claims are now submitted on-line. HMCTS is now exploring potential further to improve the services it offers to courts users by providing for centralised administration centres. We now expect public services to modernise and provide services outside normal court opening hours. There must, of course, always be mechanisms to deal with urgent business and queries. HMCTS will explore the extent to which court users' needs can be met with a system of appointments. For
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The modernisation of current arrangements will not deny access to services or create an additional burden for the public and is expected to improve overall efficiency and service standards. The proposals do not affect access to court hearings or the future of particular court buildings.
A document called the Framework for the Provision of Front Office Services in Civil Courts was published in September 2008 by what was then Her Majesty's Court Service. This document allowed some flexibility locally to adapt the delivery of face to face services in the civil courts. Local decisions on modernisation will be undertaken within that framework including local consultation where necessary. However, should the need arise, the framework will be revised and a copy will be placed in the Library of the House.
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Work and Pensions (Lord Freud): My right honourable friend the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions (Iain Duncan Smith) has made the following Written Ministerial Statement.
Following amendment to the Welfare Reform Bill tabled in the Committee of the House to establish a Social Mobility and Child Poverty Commission, and to clarify accountabilities for social reform under this coalition Government, this Statement confirms:in reading in legislation "Minister of the Crown" as relates to social mobility refers to the Deputy Prime Minister or such other Minister as is appointed; andin reading in legislation "Minister of the Crown" as relates to child poverty refers to the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions.
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