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17 May 2011 : Column WA289



17 May 2011 : Column WA289

Written Answers

Tuesday 17 May 2011

Airports: Heathrow

Question

Asked by Lord Bradshaw

Earl Attlee: The Department for Transport will continue to work with BAA, Network Rail, High Speed Two Ltd and other stakeholders to improve rail access to Heathrow. The Government's plans for reducing greenhouse gas emissions across the whole economy, including from the transport sector, are set out in the Government's draft Carbon Plan, published in March 2011 and available at: www.decc.gov.uk/assets/decc/What%20we%20do/A%20low%20carbon%20UK/1358-the-carbon-plan.pdf.

Armed Forces: Operational Allowance

Questions

Asked by Lord Morris of Manchester

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Ministry of Defence (Lord Astor of Hever): Air patrols carried out in accordance with United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973 are being conducted from airfields remote from mainland Libya.

The aim of the operational allowance is to recognise the significantly increased and enduring nature of the danger in specified operational locations. Libya is not considered as such, but we keep this under constant review. Service personnel involved in operations over Libya may however be eligible to receive other allowances such as longer separation allowance, and possibly local overseas allowance and messing allowances, dependent on their precise circumstances.

Asked by Lord Craig of Radley

Lord Astor of Hever: Air patrols carried out in accordance with United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973 are being conducted from airfields remote from mainland Libya.

The aim of the operational allowance is to recognise the significantly increased and enduring nature of the danger in specified operational locations. Libya is not

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considered as such, but we keep this under constant review. Service personnel involved in operations over Libya may however be eligible to receive other allowances such as longer separation allowance, and possibly local overseas allowance and messing allowances, dependent on their precise circumstances.

Aviation: Air Quality

Question

Asked by The Countess of Mar

Earl Attlee: The Cranfield University report into aircraft cabin air was published on 10 May 2011. I would also refer the noble Countess to the Written Ministerial Statement on that day (Official Report, cols. WS 37-8).

Aviation: Landing Fees

Questions

Asked by Lord Empey

Earl Attlee: Her Majesty's Government have not issued guidance to nor had any recent discussions with the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) with regard to landing charges at London airports.

Airport charges at Heathrow, Gatwick and Stansted are capped and regulated by the CAA. The level and structure of the charges within the regulated cap are a matter for the relevant airport operator and do not require further approval by the CAA.

Other UK airports, including Luton and London City, are not subject to charges caps or approvals. However, the CAA has powers to consider cases brought by airport users alleging possible undue discrimination through changes to airport charges. The conduct of airport operators is also subject to general competition laws.

Aviation: Mobile Phones

Question

Asked by Lord Laird



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Earl Attlee: Under Council Regulation 3922/91, EU airlines are required to ensure that passengers do not use any portable electronic devices, including personal mobile phones, that could adversely affect the performance of the aeroplane's systems and equipment. Airlines from third countries are governed by the requirements of their home state.

Mobile phones which have been installed on an aeroplane and certified in accordance with the appropriate airworthiness requirements may be used in UK airspace.

Bahrain

Questions

Asked by Lord Patten

The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): We have seen no evidence that Gulf Co-operation Council forces have done anything other than safeguard installations in Bahrain. The Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, my right honourable friend the Member for Richmond (Yorks) (Mr Hague) and the Saudi Foreign Minister met in London on 22 March 2011 and had a constructive discussion on Bahrain. The Foreign Secretary and Prince Saud agreed that the Gulf Co-operation Council forces, who are in Bahrain at the legitimate invitation of the Bahraini Government, should work to create the right conditions for a successful dialogue.

Asked by Lord Patten

Lord Howell of Guildford: We have seen no evidence that Bahraini citizens under arrest have been transferred to Saudi Arabia.

Banking: Northern Rock

Question

Asked by Lord Oakeshott of Seagrove Bay

The Commercial Secretary to the Treasury (Lord Sassoon): In his answer of 28 April, the Financial Secretary to the Treasury quoted the Office of Budget Responsibility's (OBR) latest estimate of the eventual benefit to the taxpayer of all the banking sector interventions, amounting to £3.4 billion. It was, therefore, appropriate to include in the answer the basis on

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which the OBR had made the estimate with respect to the Royal Bank of Scotland and Lloyds Banking Group.

Buses: Bus Service Monitors

Questions

Asked by Lord Bradshaw

Earl Attlee: The Department for Transport's approach to improving bus punctuality is based on effective local partnerships. Working with local authority and operator representatives, the Senior Traffic Commissioner, the Vehicle and Operator Services Agency (VOSA) and Passenger Focus, the Department for Transport (DfT) developed and agreed a new approach to bus punctuality, including its enforcement, based on the development of punctuality partnerships.

DfT asked VOSA to consider how the bus punctuality work it undertakes could be changed to support the new approach. Rather than a small team focusing on the road-side monitoring of services to prepare for possible sanctions against operators in response to complaints, VOSA will take a more proactive role working with both operators and local authorities to facilitate improvements. VOSA has determined that the most effective and efficient way to deliver this within the resources available is through frontline traffic examiner work. This will form around 25 per cent of an examiner's workload, with between 80 to 100 examiners trained (around four to five per VOSA enforcement office) giving a much greater physical presence on the ground.

The traffic examiners will be fully trained in this new area of work and will bring their broader investigative skills to the function. VOSA has ensured that sufficient resource is available so that other examiner activities around the country are not impacted by this change. The new system will be introduced gradually from June 2011 with full rollout by the end of 2011-12. During this period there will be some joint running with the existing Bus Compliance team until the transition is completed.

With VOSA having a more proactive approach, it is envisaged that passengers should see swifter improvements to services following the identification of problems. However, the traffic commissioners will continue to

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decide whether an operator and/or local authority should be brought before a public inquiry when there is evidence of poor levels of punctuality performance.

The Passenger Transport Executive Group and the senior traffic commissioner have already signalled their support for the new approach and traffic commissioners, local government, the bus industry and passenger groups have been informed.

Channel Tunnel

Question

Asked by Lord Berkeley

Earl Attlee: The British Railways Board (BRB) is liable under the terms of the Railways Usage Contract (RUC) with Eurotunnel for Eurotunnel's infrastructure (Opex) charges.

This contract, defining the arrangements for the operation of passenger and rail freight services through the Channel Tunnel runs to 2052.

Opex charges in respect of passenger services running under the terms of the RUC are now the responsibility of Eurostar under supplementary agreements that were implemented to enable the privatisation of BRB's international businesses.

The UK Government (standing behind BRB) paid £8,278,233 in respect of the freight charges of Opex in the financial year 2010-11.

Climate Change

Question

Asked by Lord Jay of Ewelme

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Energy and Climate Change (Lord Marland): Under the Climate Change Act 2008, the Government are required to take into account the advice of the Committee on Climate Change (CCC) when deciding on the level of the fourth carbon budget. In addition, the Government are also required to take into account other matters, including any representations from the devolved Administrations, fiscal and economic circumstances, energy policy, climate change science and circumstances at international and European level. If the Government decide to set the carbon budget at a different level from that recommended by the CCC, the Government must publish a statement setting out the reasons for that decision.

Crime: Motoring Convictions

Questions

Asked by Lord Kennedy of Southwark

The Minister of State, Ministry of Justice (Lord McNally): The number of persons disqualified from driving as a result of convictions for drink-driving or speeding offences in England and Wales for the years 1996 to 2009 (latest available) can be viewed in the table.

Data for 2010 are planned for publication on 26 May 2011.

Information for Scotland and Northern Ireland are matters for the Scottish Executive and Northern Ireland Office respectively.

The number of persons issued with a disqualification imposed at all courts in England and Wales, for selected motoring offences, for the years 1996 to 2009(1)(2)(3)(4)
Offence type1996199719981999200020012002

Driving etc, after consuming alcohol or taking drugs:

81,508

85,740

79,330

75,974

73,714

73,011

78,280

Speed limit offences:

9,332

9,860

13,936

11,794

11,028

10,830

9,324

Total

90,840

95,600

93,266

87,768

84,742

83,841

87,604

Offence type

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Driving etc, after consuming alcohol or taking drugs:

79,827

83,253

80,156

80,936

78,199

70,000

67,006

Speed limit offences:

10,327

10,044

10,341

9,290

8,152

6,676

6,335

Total

90,154

93,297

90,497

90,226

86,351

76,676

73,341

(1) The figures given in the table on court proceedings relate to persons for whom these offences were the principal offences for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been found guilty of two or more offences it is the offence for which the heaviest penalty is imposed. Where the same disposal is imposed for two or more offences, the offence selected is the offence for which the statutory maximum penalty is the most severe.



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(2) It is known that for some police force areas, the reporting of court proceedings, in particular those relating to summary motoring offences, may be less than complete.

(3) Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

(4) Excludes Convictions for Cardiff magistrates' court for April, July and August 2008

Source: Justice Statistics Analytical Services-Ministry of Justice.

Ref: PQ HL9060 & HL9061 (Table)

Crime: Speeding

Question

Asked by Lord Kennedy of Southwark

The Minister of State, Ministry of Justice (Lord McNally): I have been asked to reply.

Data collated centrally by the Ministry of Justice hold information on defendants proceeded against, found guilty and sentenced for criminal offences in England and Wales, but not specific information on offences beyond descriptions provided in the statutes under which prosecutions are brought. It is not possible to identify from data held on proceedings brought against persons for perverting the course of justice those resulting from getting other people to take their penalty points for speeding.

Information for Scotland and Northern Ireland are matters for the Scottish Executive and Northern Ireland Office respectively.

Cyprus: British High Commission

Questions

Asked by Lord Ahmed

The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): Our High Commission in Nicosia currently employs approximately 65 staff. This includes UK-based civil servants and staff employed locally. For operational and security reasons we cannot provide a more detailed breakdown. No record of national affiliations is maintained, each job being filled according to the competences and skills required for the particular job.



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Asked by Lord Ahmed

Lord Howell of Guildford: No appointment of a vice-consul has been made in the past 18 months. One appointment is pending dependent on checks which are still being carried out. All appointments take into consideration any potential conflicts of interest and all staff are obliged under their terms and conditions of employment to declare any outside commercial interests.

Death Penalty

Question

Asked by Lord Tebbit

The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): The UK acts and expects other states to act in accordance with international law.

It has been the longstanding policy of the UK Government to oppose the death penalty in all circumstances, including terrorism, as a matter of principle because we believe it undermines human dignity; there is no conclusive evidence of its deterrent value; and any miscarriage of justice leading to its imposition is irreversible and irreparable.

Detention: Sex

Question

Asked by Lord Lester of Herne Hill

The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): We do not collate statistics on British nationals detained abroad for consensual same-sex conduct. To determine these figures would incur disproportionate costs. Our travel advice contains information on local laws which, where relevant, includes information for same-sex couples. Consular assistance is available to those detained, as set out in our publication Support for British nationals abroad: A guide.



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Devolved Administrations: Block Grant Settlements

Question

Asked by Lord Kilclooney

The Commercial Secretary to the Treasury (Lord Sassoon): The baseline block grants for 2010-11 and the planned expenditure to be credited to the devolved Administrations, as determined in the 2010 spending review, are as follows:

£ billions
2010-112011-122012-132013-142014-15

Scotland

Resource DEL

24.8

24.8

25.1

25.3

25.4

Capital DEL

3.4

2.5

2.5

2.2

2.3

Total DEL

28.2

27.3

27.6

27.5

27.7

Wales

Resource DEL

13.3

13.3

13.3

13.5

13.5

Capital DEL

1.7

1.3

1.2

1.1

1.1

Total DEL

15.0

14.5

14.5

14.5

14.6

Northern Ireland

Resource DEL

9.3

9.4

9.4

9.5

9.5

Capital DEL

1.2

0.9

0.9

0.8

0.8

Total DEL

10.5

10.3

10.3

10.3

10.3

Note: Financial Year 2010-11 is baseline year.

Source: Spending Review 2010 Whitepaper (Cm7942), table 2.22

Education: Careers Advice

Question

Asked by Lord Teverson

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Schools (Lord Hill of Oareford): Subject to the passage of the Education Bill through Parliament, schools will, from September 2012, be under a duty to secure access to independent and impartial careers guidance for their pupils in years 9 to 11. Schools will be free to make arrangements for careers guidance for young people that fit the needs and circumstances of their students, including determining the appropriate balance between web-based, telephone and face-to-face support.

Embryology

Questions

Asked by Lord Willis of Knaresborough

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Health (Earl Howe): The proposed consultation later this year as to where the functions of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority and the Human Tissue Authority are best transferred will include an impact assessment. The impact assessment will take account of efficiency measures proposed by the two bodies.

The department has been in discussion with key stakeholders since the publication of its review of its arm's-length bodies in July 2010. Stakeholders will also be able to take part in the planned consultation exercise on the transfer of functions.

Employment: Websites

Question

Asked by Lord Teverson

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Schools (Lord Hill of Oareford): There are no plans to replace the Jobs4u careers database. An established alternative already exists within the Next Step website which has information on a wide range of careers.

Energy: Emissions

Question

Asked by Lord Berkeley

Earl Attlee: : The Government are committed to working towards EU air quality standards. While it is for the Mayor of London to decide what local transport policies are appropriate in London, the Department for Transport has recently made an extra £5 million available to help tackle some of London's worst pollution hotspots.

Our ambition is for a public transport Games with 100 per cent of spectators travelling to London venues by public transport, cycling or on foot (with a very limited exception for disabled spectators some of whom may be able to use available Blue Badge parking). To help achieve this, ticketed spectators for London events will receive a Games travelcard for London's public transport system on that day. There will be no private car parking for spectators at any venue, except for some Blue Badge parking.

Transport for London are already working hard with businesses to consider different ways of working and travelling, including home and flexible working, travelling at different times or walking and cycling more. These and other measures should help reduce traffic levels and vehicle emissions, minimising the risk of exceeding air quality levels across London. Further modelling work is taking place to determine whether additional measures are required.

Safe and healthy competition conditions for athletes are a top priority for everyone involved. As with any Games, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) looks to the Government, the Mayor of London, the Olympic Delivery Authority, other public authorities and the London Organising Committee of the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games (LOCOG) to work in partnership to ensure this is the case at London 2012.

Extradition: Gary McKinnon

Questions

Asked by Lord Maginnis of Drumglass

The Minister of State, Home Office (Baroness Browning): Home Office officials are in regular contact with their counterparts in the United States Department of Justice about extradition cases, including the case of Gary McKinnon; the most recent contact on that case was on 4 May. There are a number of reasons why it is important to bring the case to a conclusion as soon as possible, and the Home Office is making

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strenuous efforts to obtain independent medical evidence in order to assist in the making of a final decision in the case.

Asked by Lord Maginnis of Drumglass

Baroness Browning: Home Office officials are in regular contact with their counterparts in the United States Department of Justice about extradition cases, including the case of Gary McKinnon; the most recent contact on that case was on 4 May. There are a number of reasons why it is important to bring the case to a conclusion as soon as possible, and the Home Office is making strenuous efforts to obtain independent medical evidence in order to assist in the making of a final decision in the case.

Fluoridation

Questions

Asked by Earl Baldwin of Bewdley

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Health (Earl Howe): The National Fluoride Information Centre was hosted by Manchester University Dental School. With the cessation of funding, the school may archive the website or take it over. Either way we will ask that the amendment is made beforehand.

Asked by Earl Baldwin of Bewdley

Earl Howe: We have sought to reduce central funding to a minimum in order that priorities on use of the limited funds available to the National Health Service may be determined locally. Information on the effects of fluorides continues to be available from university dental schools, professional bodies in dentistry and other relevant research and healthcare support organisations.



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Government: Ministerial Meetings

Question

Asked by Lord Harris of Haringey

The Minister of State, Home Office (Baroness Browning): Since May 2010 Home Office Ministers have met regularly with (a) the Mayor of London or the chair of the Metropolitan Police Authority, and (b) the Commissioner or Deputy Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police, to discuss policing matters and policing in London.

Government: Red Tape Challenge

Question

Asked by Lord Lester of Herne Hill

Baroness Verma: The Government remain strongly committed to equality and implemented the majority of the Equality Act 2010 last October and in April. The Red Tape Challenge aims to take a comprehensive approach, looking widely at regulation, whether introduced through primary or secondary legislation or other means. It seeks views on where regulation is working well, as well as where it is imposing unnecessary burdens on businesses, members of the public or voluntary organisations or restricting personal freedoms. The results of the Red Tape Challenge on equality legislation will be processed initially by officials of the Government Equalities Office with any outcomes put to Ministers for consideration. Any proposals for change to existing legislation would need to go through the normal procedures.

Health: Hepatitis C

Questions

Asked by Baroness Randerson

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Health (Earl Howe): There are no specific provisions in the Health and Social Care Bill about hepatitis C diagnosis by general practitioners. However, one of the key aims of the Bill is to enable

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local health services to meet the needs of local populations more effectively, including in relation to the diagnosis of infectious diseases such as hepatitis C.

The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence is currently developing public health guidance for the National Health Service and healthcare professionals on ways to promote and offer testing for hepatitis B and C to individuals at risk of infection.

Asked by Baroness Randerson

Earl Howe: Testing for hepatitis C and other blood-borne viruses (BBVs) among prisoners has increased significantly since 2006 when the National Health Service began commissioning health services in public prisons. It is for local prison healthcare partnership boards to decide the level of investment in screening for BBVs based on their local needs assessments.

Prisoners and prison staff have been provided with greater information concerning risk factors for BBVs including hepatitis C since 2006, using diverse resources including DVDs, posters and leaflets designed to be accessible to the prison population and developed in partnership with partners including the British Liver Trust (BLT) and the Health Protection Agency.

NHS commissioners have also provided increased access to testing for hepatitis C and other BBVs in prisons through provision of primary care and sexual health services. The department anticipates that levels of testing for hepatitis C and other BBVs among prisoners will continue to grow. The department's Offender Health team aims to continue health promotion campaigns to support increased awareness and health-seeking behaviour. Offender Health is also working with third sector organisations like the National AIDS Trust and the BLT to develop resources to guide prisoners, prison staff and healthcare providers and commissioners.

NHS acute trusts' laboratories and regional and national reference laboratories charge standard tariffs for testing of samples for hepatitis C and other BBVs. NHS commissioners have provided appropriate services in public prisons to ensure that prisoners can be tested for BBVs if they choose to do so. Costs for such tests are as per standard tariffs. The department does not have specific information on the expenditure by NHS organisations on the testing of prisoners specifically for hepatitis C. Such costs would be included in the costs for provision of testing to the wider community and not disaggregated based on whether a person is a prisoner at the time of testing.

Heritage Lottery Fund

Questions

Asked by Lord Marlesford

Baroness Garden of Frognal: Decisions on individual Lottery grants are for distributors such as Heritage Lottery Fund to make, acting independently of government, but following financial and policy directions issued by the Secretary of State for Culture, Olympics, Media and Sport. These directions are published on the Department for Culture, Media and Sport's website at www.culture.gov.uk/what_we_do/national_lottery/4202.aspx.

Asked by Lord Marlesford

Baroness Garden of Frognal: Heritage Lottery Fund is already required to comply with financial directions and take into account policy directions issued to it by the Secretary of State for Culture, Olympics, Media and Sport. These directions are published on the Department for Culture, Media and Sport's website at www.culture.gov.uk/what_we_do/national_lottery/4202.aspx.

House of Lords: Heads of State Visits

Questions

Asked by Lord Berkeley

The Chairman of Committees (Lord Brabazon of Tara): It is established policy not to comment on specific matters of security on the Parliamentary Estate. Responsibility for security decisions lies with Black Rod and the Serjeant at Arms.

Insurance: Payment Protection Insurance

Question

Asked by Lord Kennedy of Southwark



17 May 2011 : Column WA304

The Commercial Secretary to the Treasury (Lord Sassoon): The Government are pleased that both the British Bankers' Association and a number of individual banks have decided against appealing the recent judicial review judgment on payment protection insurance (PPI). This will allow consumers to secure redress swiftly and will avoid protracted legal proceedings.

The Government support the work that the Financial Services Authority, the Competition Commission, the Financial Ombudsman Service and the Office of Fair Trading are undertaking to recompense customers who have been mis-sold PPI policies; and to prevent such cases of mis-selling in the future. We will continue to encourage them to combat consumer detriment in all of its forms.

As a result of regulatory action, industry will no longer be able to sell single premium PPI alongside unsecured loans. Firms representing a significant proportion of the market have agreed to review sales and redress consumers identified as mis-sold. In addition, sales, marketing materials and contract terms for PPI have all been improved.

The Competition Commission has also recently confirmed its proposed point-of-sale prohibition, intended to give more time to consumers to consider their need for the product and to shop around for best value.

Iraq: Camp Ashraf

Questions

Asked by Lord Carlile of Berriew

The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): The UK understands that the bodies of those killed during the events of 8 April at Camp Ashraf have been returned to the camp, but that the question of where they are buried remains unresolved. We encourage a constructive dialogue between the Iraqi Government and the camp leadership to ensure that those who were killed are buried with due dignity.

We will continue to impress on the Iraqi authorities at the highest level that they should prevent the situation at Camp Ashraf from deteriorating further and to respect the human rights of camp residents.

Asked by Lord Carlile of Berriew

Lord Howell of Guildford: Along with international partners, including the UN, US and EU, the UK has urged the Government of Iraq to ensure the situation does not deteriorate further and that the Iraqi authorities respect the human rights of camp residents. The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, my honourable friend the member for North East Bedfordshire (Alistair Burt), issued a statement on 8 April, condemning the loss of life and urging the Iraqi Government to cease

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violent operations at the camp. We accept that Camp Ashraf is an issue for the sovereign state of Iraq to resolve and we continue to urge that they do so in accordance with international and domestic laws.

Isles of Scilly: Sea Link

Question

Asked by Lord Berkeley

Earl Attlee: The Scillonian III is currently operating under an EU B Certificate Restricted to Class III limitations. This permits sailing during daylight hours in favourable weather during the period from 1 April to 31 October with a limit of 600 people on board. The Maritime and Coastguard Agency is currently discussing the future provision of this service with the operators, to assess whether a certificate with fewer restrictions may be issued. In addition, we understand that the acquisition of an alternative vessel is being considered by the operators of the service.

Israel

Question

Asked by Baroness Tonge

The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): Following Makhoul's arrest, he made a 27 October 2010 confession to spying charges including: contacting a foreign agent, conspiring to assisting an enemy in a time of war, and aggravated espionage for Hezbollah, all as part of a plea bargain. Haifa District Court sentenced Makhoul in January 2011 to nine years in prison and another year suspended sentence for these charges.

We continue to urge Israel to ensure that due legal process is followed and that they preserve the rights of detainees in all circumstances, and last did so via our ambassador to Tel Aviv on 27 March 2011 to Israel's attorney-general and Israel's president of its Supreme Court.

NHS: Finance

Question

Asked by Lord Mawhinney



17 May 2011 : Column WA306

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Health (Earl Howe): Comparing the 2010-11 performance framework finance results and referral to treatment waiting times, there is no evidence of a direct relationship between excess expenditure over approved revenue resource and waiting or treatment times in National Health Service acute trusts. However, there were a small number of NHS acute trusts that did not achieve the expected level of finance and monthly referral to treatment performance.

The responsibility for overseeing the performance of NHS foundation trusts is the responsibility of Monitor (the statutory name of which is the Independent Regulator of NHS Foundation Trusts). We are informed by the chairperson that there is no equivalent concept to excess expenditure over approved revenue resource for foundation trusts but that an analysis of the most recent performance against cancer and accident and emergency waiting times shows no correlation between financial risk ratings for foundation trusts and underperformance.

NHS: Private Care

Questions

Asked by Baroness Cumberlege

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Health (Earl Howe): This Government support the approach recommended by Professor Sir Mike Richards' report, and have no plans to review the existing guidance. This includes the principle that privately funded and National Health Service funded care should be kept as clearly separate as possible, to ensure that NHS funding is not used to subsidise private care and that NHS patients are not charged for their treatment, which would breach NHS principles and legislation.

NHS: Value

Question

Asked by Lord Ashcroft

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Health (Earl Howe): There are a number of different ways in which value in the National Health Service can be assessed and the most appropriate measure or set of measures will vary depending on the context and purpose with which an assessment is being made.



17 May 2011 : Column WA307

The department's business plan, published in November 2010, sets out key indicators which help the public in understanding the costs and outcomes of health and social care services.

NHS productivity is measured by both the Office for National Statistics (ONS) and the University of York under a research contract with the department. These measures compare the quantity of outputs produced for the amount of inputs used. There are limitations, however, to how much any single measure of productivity can fully capture the quality and value of health care services to patients.

The Government are committed to patient-centred measures of the value of health care and are rolling out patient-reported outcomes measures, which provide measures of the health gain of surgical treatments from a patient perspective, using pre and post operative questionnaires. In addition, the Care Quality Commission co-ordinates a variety of patient surveys to collect feedback on the experiences of people using a range of NHS services.

Quality-adjusted life years and similar measures of the health benefits provided by specific treatments are used, including by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, to assess the cost-effectiveness of different treatments. These measures enable the health impacts of different treatments to be compared on a consistent basis. When combined with information about the prices of different treatments, these techniques can be used to guide decisions on how to maximise health benefits from the available resources.

Olympic Games 2012: Air Quality

Question

Asked by Lord Pendry

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Lord Henley): The Government are committed to working towards the European Union's air quality standards. We expect to achieve health-based limits for particulate matter in 2011 and in September we will submit to the European Commission our plans to achieve limits for nitrogen dioxide.

We are working closely with the Mayor of London to improve air quality in London, including plans for reducing pollution across London in respect of the Olympic Games. The Government have recently made an extra £5 million available to help the mayor tackle some of London's worst pollution hotspots. During the Olympic Games our ambition is that all spectators should travel to London venues by public transport, cycling or on foot. These and other measures will help to improve air quality in London during the Games.



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Overseas Aid

Questions

Asked by Baroness Tonge

Baroness Verma: The UK's financial share of the European Union development assistance programmes is approximately 15 per cent of the cost of those programmes. They are financed from a number of instruments, all of which are managed by the European Commission. These include the European Development Fund (EDF), a member states' voluntary fund for African, Caribbean and Pacific countries as well as a number of EU budget instruments such as the Development Co-operation Instrument and the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument. In 2009, the European Union's total aid disbursements were €9.8 billion (£8.7 billion). The UK's share of this was approximately €1.3 billion (£1.2 billion).

There is no international definition for emerging economies. However, Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa are often brought together under the acronym BRICs. Other emerging economies, from a development perspective and as actors with a global agenda, could include Indonesia, Mexico and some Gulf countries. The EDF, the most poverty-focused of the EU's development instruments, does not support any emerging economies. The latest European Commission annual report on development assistance was produced in 2010, covering commitments and spending for 2009. The full report, which includes data on all regions, countries and sectors, is available in the Library of the House and on the European Commission website at: www.ec.europa.eu/europeaid/multimedia/publications/publications/annualreports/2010_en.htm.

Some examples from this report: in 2009, the European Commission disbursed €13.6 million (£1.2 million) to Brazil, €110.0 million (£97.8 million) to South Africa,

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€32.0 million (£28.4 million) to China and €54.0 million (£48.0 million) to India. Indonesia received €81.0 million (£72.0 million) and Mexico €4.4 million (£3.9 million). We expect the 2011 report, covering 2010 data, to be finalised in mid-2011 and available together with other documents and statistics on the European Commission website.

Asked by Baroness Tonge

Baroness Verma: In 2009, the European Commission spent almost 40 per cent (€3.8 billion, which is approximately £3.2 billion) out of a total aid spend of €9.8 billion (approximately £8.2 billion) on social infrastructure and services, including health and population. Approximately €600 million (approximately £500 million) or some 6 per cent was spent directly on health and population, which includes reproductive health assistance, contributing to reducing maternal mortality. Other support to education, water and sanitation and other social infrastructure also contributes to MDG 5 indirectly. Further details on spending, regions and sectors can be found in the 2010 annual report on the European Union's Development and External Assistance Policies and their Implementation, which is available in the Library of the House and on the European Commission website at: www.europa.eu/europeaid/multimedialpuhlications/publications/annualreports/2010en.htrn.

Asked by Baroness Tonge

Baroness Verma: The latest European Commission annual report on development assistance was produced in 2010, covering EU commitments and spending for 2009. The full report, which includes data on all regions, countries and sectors, is available in the Library of the House and on the European Commission website at: www. ec.europa.eu/europeaid/multimedialpublications/ publications/annualreports/2010_en.htm.

Annual reports for 2007 and 2008 are also available on the European Commission website at: www.ec.europa. eu/europeaid/multimedia/publications/index_en.htm.

Asked by Baroness Tonge

Baroness Verma: The European Union has committed to increase its already substantial support to maternal and child health during 2011-13. The UK encourages

17 May 2011 : Column WA310

the EU to play a stronger role in health policy coherence and aid co-ordination and to ensure that adequate attention is given to reproductive, maternal and newborn health; the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women; and more predictable funding to the poorest countries to improve progress towards the millennium development goals.

The Department for International Development (DfID) report Framework for Results-Choices for Women confirms that the UK will seek more efficient and effective delivery of results by multilateral agencies. One of the key agencies identified is the European Commission. Following the outcome of DfID's multilateral aid review in March 2011, the UK will support wider reforms and will work to maximise cost control, value for money, transparency and alignment with partner country priorities.

Asked by Baroness Tonge

Baroness Verma: The UK encourages the European Union to play a stronger role in health policy coherence and aid coordination and to ensure that adequate attention is given to: reproductive, maternal and newborn health; the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women; and more predictable funding to the poorest countries to improve progress towards millennium development goals.

The UK is supporting the continuous devolution and strengthening of EU delegations in partner countries. The European Court of Auditors' recent report (April 2011) on the Commission's devolution process demonstrates that staff strengthening at the country level has been beneficial in development areas such as health and education. The UK will also continue to support the European Commission's capacity to manage its health programmes through the provision of a health expert to the Commission. We will also encourage other EU member states to continue to second specialists to the Commission to work on priority development issues.

Pensions

Question

Asked by Lord Laird

The Commercial Secretary to the Treasury (Lord Sassoon): HM Treasury does not hold up-to-date data on the median or average pensions in payment, or the median or average lengths of service on which those pensions are based. However, Table 1.C of the Independent Public Service Pensions Commission's

17 May 2011 : Column WA311

interim report, published on 7 October 2010, provides a breakdown of median and average figures for the largest public service pension schemes. The table can be found on the HM Treasury website: www.hm-treasury. gov.uk/d/hutton_pensionsinterim_071010.pdf. More detailed information may be available from departments that lead on individual public service pension schemes.

Police: Ethnic Minorities

Questions

Asked by Lord Ouseley

The Minister of State, Home Office (Baroness Browning): The available figures for England and Wales are contained in the following tables. Latest published figures relate to 31 March 2010.

Figures for Scotland are a matter for the devolved Administration. Police appointments figures are only available from 2002-03, not 2000 as requested in the Question. Breakdown of ethnicity into African-Caribbean origin is not available. Figures are presented for Association of Chief Police Officers rank level as separate chief police officer figures are not collected.



17 May 2011 : Column WA312

Police officer joiners in England and Wales by rank and ethnicity, 2002-03 and 2009-10, as at 31 March 1,2
2002-0332009-10
Black and minority ethnic police officer joinersPolice officer joinersBlack and minority ethnic police officer joinersPolice officer joiners

ACPO rank

0

30

0

31

Chief Superintendent

0

11

0

4

Superintendent

0

29

1

21

Chief Inspector

0

18

0

21

Inspector

4

94

1

50

Sergeant

9

293

7

227

Constable

532

12,889

527

6,558

Sum:

545

13,364

536

6,912

1. The number of police officer joiners includes transfers and rejoiners.

2. This table contains full-time equivalent figures that have been rounded to the nearest whole number.

3. Figures held from 2002-03.

The number of black and minority ethnic police officers in England and Wales broken down by ethnicity, as at 31 March 20101
Black and minority ethnic police officers

Mixed

1,844

Black or Black British

1,446

Asian or Asian British

2,607

Other minority ethnic group

745

Sum:

6,642

1 This table contains full-time equivalent figures that have been rounded to the nearest whole number.



17 May 2011 : Column WA313

The number of black and minority ethnic and total strength of police officers in England and Wales at ACPO rank level2 by police force area, as at 31 March 20101
Black and ethnic minority police officers at ACPO rankTotal strength of police officers at ACPO rank

Avon & Somerset

0

6

Bedfordshire

0

4

Cambridgeshire

0

3

Cheshire

0

4

Cleveland

0

4

Cumbria

0

4

Derbyshire

0

4

Devon & Cornwall

0

5

Dorset

0

4

Durham

0

3

Essex

0

5

Gloucestershire

0

4

Greater Manchester

0

6

Hampshire

0

5

Hertfordshire

0

5

Humberside

0

4

Kent

1

7

Lancashire

0

5

Leicestershire

0

4

Lincolnshire

0

3

London, City of

0

3

Merseyside

1

6

Metropolitan Police

2

37

Norfolk

0

5

Northamptonshire

0

4

Northumbria

0

5

North Yorkshire

0

4

Nottinghamshire

0

4

South Yorkshire

1

4

Staffordshire

0

4

Suffolk

0

4

Surrey

0

4

Sussex

0

5

Thames Valley

1

4

Warwickshire

0

4

West Mercia

0

5

West Midlands

1

6

West Yorkshire

1

6

Wiltshire

0

4

Dyfed-Powys

0

3

Gwent

0

3

North Wales

0

4

South Wales

1

6

Sum:

9

223

1. This table contains full-time equivalent figures that have been rounded to the nearest whole number.

2. Separate figures not collected for chief police officers.

The number of black and minority ethnic and total strength of police officers in England and Wales at chief superintendent, superintendent and chief inspector rank level, as at 31 March 20101
Black and minority ethnic police officersTotal strength of police officers

Chief Superintendent

13

473

Superintendent

34

1,029

Chief Inspector

63

1,974

1. This table contains full-time equivalent figures that have been rounded to the nearest whole number.

Asked by Lord Ouseley



17 May 2011 : Column WA314

Baroness Browning: The available figures for England and Wales are contained in the following tables. The tables show the number of black and ethnic minority police officers (FTE) in the functions of local commander and traffic by force in England and Wales as at 31 March 2010.

Information is not collected centrally on the number of black and minority ethnic police officers who have been trained to be in charge of large-scale public demonstrations and the events for which they have been on duty. Information is not collected centrally on the number of black and minority ethnic police officers that have been trained to senior investigator level. Information is not collected centrally on the number of black and minority ethnic police officers who are posted to support groups dealing with public disorder. Deployments of police officers are operational matters for chief officers.

The number of black and minority ethnic police officers who are currently employed above the rank of superintendent in the Counter Terrorism Commands is not provided as this is a restricted function. Under the Freedom of Information Act 2005, the Home Office is required to provide members of the public with these data when requested. However, under Section (31), Law Enforcement, of the Freedom of Information Act, information can be withheld where disclosure would, or would be likely to, prejudice (a) the prevention or (b) the detection of crime. Following consultation with ACPO, those categories that have been highlighted were deemed likely to prejudice the prevention or detection of crime and therefore have not been disclosed within the public domain.



17 May 2011 : Column WA315

Black and minority ethnic police officers in the local commanders function1 (FTE)2 in England and Wales as at 31 March 2010, by force3, 4
Black and minority ethnic police officers

Avon & Somerset

0

Bedfordshire

0

Cambridgeshire

1

Cheshire

0

Cleveland

0

Cumbria

0

Derbyshire

2

Devon & Cornwall

0

Dorset

1

Durham

0

Dyfed-Powys

0

Essex

0

Gloucestershire

0

Greater Manchester

2

Gwent

0

Hampshire

1

Hertfordshire

0

Humberside

0

Kent

0

Lancashire

0

Leicestershire

1

Lincolnshire

0

London, City of

0

Merseyside

2

Metropolitan Police

3

Norfolk

0

Northamptonshire

0

Northumbria

0

North Wales

0

North Yorkshire

0

Nottinghamshire

2

South Wales

0

South Yorkshire

0

Staffordshire

0

Suffolk

0

Surrey

0

Sussex

Thames Valley

2

Warwickshire

0

West Mercia

0

West Midlands

5

West Yorkshire

3

Wiltshire

1

Sum:

26

1 Staff with multiple responsibilities (or designations) are recorded under their primary role or function. The deployment of police officers is an operational matter for individual chief constables.

2 This table contains full-time equivalent figures that have been rounded to the nearest whole number.

3 Under the Freedom of Information Act 2005, Home Office has to provide members of the public with this data when requested. However under Section (31), Law Enforcement, of the Freedom of Information Act, information can be withheld where disclosure would, or would be likely to, prejudice (a) the prevention or detection of crime. Following consultation with ACPO, those categories that have been highlighted were deemed likely to prejudice the prevention or detection of crime and therefore have not been disclosed within the public domain.

4 Data are correct as at 5 October 2010.



17 May 2011 : Column WA316

Black and minority ethnic police officers in the traffic function1 (FTE)2 in England and Wales as at 31 March 2010, by force3, 4
Black and minority ethnic police officers

Avon & Somerset

2

Bedfordshire

1

Cambridgeshire

0

Cheshire

1

Cleveland

1

Cumbria

0

Derbyshire

2

Devon & Cornwall

2

Dorset

1

Durham

1

Dyfed-Powys

2

Essex

6

Gloucestershire

1

Greater Manchester

5

Gwent

0

Hampshire

0

Hertfordshire

1

Humberside

2

Kent

1

Lancashire

2

Leicestershire

2

Lincolnshire

0

London, City of

0

Merseyside

5

Metropolitan Police

20

Norfolk

1

Northamptonshire

5

Northumbria

1

North Wales

2

North Yorkshire

1

Nottinghamshire

1

South Wales

2

South Yorkshire

3

Staffordshire

0

Suffolk

0

Surrey

1

Sussex

2

Thames Valley

4

Warwickshire

0

West Mercia

2

West Midlands

10

West Yorkshire

6

Wiltshire

1

Sum:

100

1 Staff with multiple responsibilities (or designations) are recorded under their primary role or function. The deployment of police officers is an operational matter for individual chief constables.

2 This table contains full-time equivalent figures that have been rounded to the nearest whole number.

3 Under the Freedom of Information Act 2005, Home Office has to provide members of the public with this data when requested. However under Section (31), Law Enforcement, of the Freedom of Information Act, information can be withheld where disclosure would, or would be likely to, prejudice (a) the prevention or detection of crime. Following consultation with ACPO, those categories that have been highlighted were deemed likely to prejudice the prevention or detection of crime and therefore have not been disclosed within the public domain.

4 Data are correct as at 5 October 2010

Asked by Lord Ouseley

Baroness Browning: The latest available data show that there were five black and minority ethnic police officers employed as at 31 March 2010 as staff officers working to chief police officers.



17 May 2011 : Column WA317

Asked by Lord Ouseley

Baroness Browning: Within the scope of the current Equality Act legislation (2010), the National Policing Improvement Agency (NPIA) and the Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) encourage Home Office police forces to use positive action to support the progression of black and minority ethnic (BME) officers and staff in the police service. Initiatives will vary from force to force and may include mentoring, shadowing, temporary promotion, familiarisation days, and specific training to support candidates' future career aspirations.

To underpin the use of positive action, the NPIA has produced a performance framework tool for the police service. The equality standard objective 15B supports forces in the work that they are undertaking on BME progression.

Asked by Lord Ouseley

Baroness Browning: The available figures for England and Wales are contained in the following table. The table shows the number of black and ethnic minority police officers (FTE) in the functions of CID, CID-Specialist Crime Unit and Firearms/Explosives by force in England and Wales as at 31 March 2010.

Information is not collected centrally on the number of black and minority ethnic police officers who have left specialist departments such as the counter terrorism departments. Also, information is not collected centrally on ethnicity data at basic command unit level.



17 May 2011 : Column WA318

Black and minority ethnic police officers in the CID, CID-Specialist Crime Unit, and Firearms/Explosives functions1 (FTE)2 in England and Wales as at 31 March 2010, by force3
CID4CID-Specialist Crime Unit5Firearms/Explosives6, 7

Avon 8 Somerset

4

0

0

Bedfordshire

6

3

0

Cambridgeshire

7

0

0

Cheshire

5

0

0

Cleveland

2

0

0

Cumbria

2

0

0

Derbyshire

12

1

0

Devon & Cornwall

5

0

0

Dorset

0

1

0

Durham

3

0

0

Dyfed-Powys

0

0

0

Essex

5

0

0

Gloucestershire

0

0

0

Greater Manchester

29

15

0

Gwent

1

0

0

Hampshire

5

2

0

Hertfordshire

10

2

0

Humberside

6

0

0

Kent

19

1

0

Lancashire

13

3

0

Leicestershire

11

6

0

Lincolnshire

1

0

0

London, City of

3

0

0

Merseyside

9

4

0

Metropolitan Police

370

27

2

Norfolk

1

0

0

Northamptonshire

11

0

0

Northumbria

5

2

0

North Wales

0

0

0

North Yorkshire

3

0

0

Nottinghamshire

16

0

0

South Wales

3

0

0

South Yorkshire

13

0

0

Staffordshire

1

2

0

Suffolk

4

0

0

Surrey

18

5

0

Sussex

8

1

0

Thames Valley

17

0

0

Warwickshire

8

0

0

West Mercia

3

2

0

West Midlands

79

0

0

West Yorkshire

18

14

0

Wiltshire

1

0

0

Sum:

736

91

2

1 Staff with multiple responsibilities (or designations) are recorded under their primary role or function. The deployment of police officers is an operational matter for individual chief constables.

2 This table contains full-time equivalent figures that have been rounded to the nearest whole number.

3 Data are correct as at 5 October 2010.


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