Other Instruments Of Interest
Nutrition and Health Claims (England) (Amendment) Regulations 2010 (SI 2010/1768)
1. Nutrition claims that can be made for foods (e.g. "low fat", "high fibre" etc.) are standardised by Regulation EC/1924/2006 which is directly applicable in EU Member States. Permitted nutrition claims and conditions for their use are set out in an Annex to the EC Regulation, which is updated from time to time. Before now the national Regulations that provide for their enforcement in England had to be updated each time a change was made. The current Regulations not only provide for enforcement activities relating to five claims that have recently been added to the Annex, but also make an ambulatory reference, which will allow for the enforcement of any future provisions added to the Annex without further domestic legislation being necessary.
Social Security (Exemption from Claiming Retirement Pension) Regulations 2010 (SI 2010/1794)
2. These Regulations aim to simplify the benefits system by enabling customers approaching pensionable age who are already in receipt of certain DWP benefits to be awarded State Pension without having to make a further claim. Those claiming Income Support, Incapacity Benefit, Job Seeker's Allowance, Employment and Support Allowance or Pension Credit should receive a letter two weeks before their retirement date to inform them of the change of benefit. Those on other benefits or working will still need to apply in the normal way. The simplification is likely to affect around 175,000 people per year and will result in some administrative cost savings for the DWP as well as being more convenient for the public. Short and long-term monitoring is to be conducted to assess the actual effects of the revision to the process.
Dwelling Houses (Execution of Possession Orders by Mortgagees) Regulations 2010 (SI 2010/1809)
3. The Mortgage Repossessions (Protection of Tenants etc) Act 2010 filled a gap in the legal protection available to tenants of dwelling houses whose landlords have not obtained the agreement of their mortgagee before renting the property out (defined as "unauthorised tenants"). Prior to the Act the tenant could be evicted at short notice and would have had no rights in court. The Act does not prevent the repossession but delays it, allowing tenants the right to request that repossession be deferred for up to two months so that they can find an alternative place to live. In order to make these new rights effective, the tenant must have notice that a mortgagee intends to take possession of the property on a given date. These Regulations set out the information to be included in a Notice of Execution of Possession Order and require 14 days to elapse before the possession order can be executed. The form includes an explanation of the steps that mortgagees and tenants should take, reflecting the legislative change. The Committee is pleased to note that the Department is also preparing guidance and hopes that it will be widely distributed to all those organisations that tenants might contact for help. It is a vital part of making this protection effective that the guidance explains clearly who qualifies for the postponement and what they need to do to obtain it.
Social Security (Housing Costs) (Standard Interest Rate) Amendment Regulations 2010 (SI 2010/1811)
4. Claimants in receipt of income-based benefits such as Employment Support or Jobseeker's Allowances may be entitled to help towards their housing costs; in particular help to cover eligible interest on loans taken out to purchase a home or to make specified home improvements. This instrument amends the Standard Interest Rate (SIR) used to calculate the amount of interest payable on qualifying loans. It replaces the current fixed SIR of 6.08% with a fluctuating rate based on the average interest rate for mortgages on dwellings published by the Bank of England (3.66% in May 2010). The initial SIR starting rate will be published in August 2010 and will be subject to change when the Bank of England published average rate differs from the standard rate by 0.5% or more. The Merits Committee has been very critical of the way previous changes to the Support for Mortgage Interest scheme have been made, calling the DWP Minister in twice to explain their basis for judging that the legislation was likely to deliver the intended effect. Our 16th Report of Session 2009-10 (HL Paper 110) was particularly critical of SI 2010/796 which maintained the Standard Interest Rate for these purposes at 6.08%, which by then appeared to us to be paying well in excess of the amounts needed to meet the actual interest on qualifying loans. The current instrument responds to those criticisms, and sets the rate at an average market rate established by a published source, which is a more transparent approach. We thank the Department for the coherent explanation of how the new policy was formulated and how it is to be monitored set out in the Explanatory Memorandum.
Statement of Changes in Immigration Rules (HC 96)
5. Tier 2 of the Points-Based System ("PBS") caters for skilled workers with a job offer, and includes the following four categories: Tier 2 (General); Tier 2 (Intra-Company Transfer); Tier 2 (Ministers of Religion) and Tier 2 (Sportspersons). This Statement entitles the Secretary of State to limit the number of Certificates of Sponsorship available to be assigned to Sponsors in any one period, and to limit the number of Certificates of Sponsorship assigned to any specific Sponsor in any one period. An applicant must have a Certificate of Sponsorship before a valid application for entry clearance or leave to remain as a Tier 2 Migrant can be made. The Explanatory Memorandum (EM) says that the Government has commenced a consultation on how, in the longer term, limits on the number of non-EU economic migrants might be determined and implemented; but in the meantime, interim limits are being applied to Tier 1 and Tier 2 whilst the outcome of the consultation is considered (EM paragraph 7.4). The interim limits for Tier 1 were addressed in an earlier Statement of Changes in Immigration Rules (HC 59) which the Committee drew to the special attention of the House. The Committee's report on that Statement provides more context on the Government's proposals for the interim migration limits (4th Report of this Session, HL Paper 17). This Statement has been laid on an urgent basis, following two court judgements concerning the extent to which requirements under the PBS should be set out in the Immigration Rules rather than in UK Border Agency guidance. The Committee notes that this Statement takes the same approach for Tier 2 as the earlier Statement took for Tier 1; while the Statement provides for there to be limits, the actual limits themselves will be left to PBS Guidance.
1 See the reports on SI 2008/3195 in our 5th Report of Session 2008-09, HL Paper 27 and SI 2009/3257 in our 5th Report of Session 2009-10, HL Paper 32 Back