European Union Committee
EU Action Plan against migrant smuggling

4th Report of Session 2015-16 - published 3 November 2015 - HL Paper 46


Chapter 1: Introduction

The EU’s Action Plan against migrant smuggling

The Committee’s inquiry

Chapter 2: Migrants and migrant smugglers


Migrants, asylum seekers and refugees

Box 1: Who is a refugee?

Who are the migrants entering the EU?

Figure 1: Main Land and Sea Routes of Irregular Entry into
the EU

Trafficking vs smuggling

Smugglers as “evil” and “organised”

Chapter 3: The Action Plan in context

Addressing root causes of irregular migration

Establishing safe and legal routes

Box 2: What are safe and legal routes?

Migrant smuggling and other EU policy areas

Migrant smuggling in the international context

Chapter 4: The Action Plan in practice

The Four Priorities

(i) Enhanced judicial and law enforcement response

(ii) Improved gathering and sharing of information


(iii) Preventing smuggling and assisting vulnerable migrants

(iv) Cooperation with third countries

Chapter 5: EU Agencies

The role of EU Agencies in the Action Plan


Legal and operational issues

Fundamental rights concerns


Cooperation, communication and coordination

Inter-Agency cooperation

Box 4: What are Hotspots?

Figure 2: The “Hotspots” approach

Cooperation with Member State authorities

Summary of Conclusions and Recommendations

Appendix 1: List of Members and Declarations of Interest

Appendix 2: List of witnesses

Appendix 3: Call for Evidence

Appendix 4: List of actions in the EU Action Plan against Migrant Smuggling

Appendix 5: List of EU Agencies

Appendix 6: Letter from UNHCR

Appendix 7: Acronyms and Abbreviations

Evidence is published online at and available for inspection at the Parliamentary Archives (020 7129 3074).

Q in footnotes refers to a question in oral evidence

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