Genetically Modified Insects Contents

Appendix 5: Abbreviations, Acronyms and Technical Terms

ACRE

Advisory Committee on Releases to the Environment

AHDB

Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board

BBSRC

Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

BES

British Ecological Society

BIA

BioIndusty Association

BIS

Department for Business, Innovation and Skills

Cisgenic

Modified via rearrangement of genetic material within the organism

CRISPR

Clustered regular interspaced short palindromic repeats

Defra

Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

DFID

Department for International Development

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid

Endonuclease

An enzyme (biological catalyst) which cuts strands of DNA at specific points

EEA

European Economic Area

EFSA

European Food Safety Authority

EPSRC

Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

EU

European Union

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations

GM

Genetically modified or genetic modification

GMI

Genetically modified insect

GMO

Genetically modified organism

Inundative

Inundative biological control involves the release of massive numbers of the control agent in order to control the pest rapidly

IPM

Integrated pest management

LMCs

Low to middle income countries

MRC

Medical Research Council

MS

Member States

NERC

Natural Environment Research Council

NIB

National Institutes of Bioscience

Pathogen

An organism that causes disease. For example, in dengue infection, the pathogen is a virus whereas in malaria infection, the pathogen is a unicellular parasite

QMV

Qualified majority voting

RCUK

Research Councils UK

Recombinant

Bringing together genetic material from multiple sources, creating sequences that would not otherwise be found in the genome

RNA

Ribonucleic acid

SIT

Sterile Insect Technique

SWD

Spotted Wing Drosophila

TALENS

Transcription activator-like effector nucleases

Transgenic

Modified via insertion of genetic material from another organism

Vector

Any agent (person, animal or microorganism) that carries and transmits an infectious pathogen into another living organism

WHO

World Health Organisation

WNF

West Nile Fever





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