Select Committee on Sexual Violence in Conflict
Sexual Violence in Conflict: A War Crime

Report - published 12 April 2016 - HL Paper 123



Summary of conclusions and recommendations

Chapter 1: Introduction

Legal and political background

Causes, scale and effects

Our approach

Figure 1: Map of sexual violence in conflict-affected countries

The Committee’s inquiry

Chapter 2: Policy and legal framework

UK Government policy

The Preventing Sexual Violence Initiative

The Women, Peace and Security Agenda

The ‘Istanbul Convention’

International legal framework

Application of international law

Chapter 3: Prevention

The Preventing Sexual Violence Initiative

Behavioural and attitudinal change

Research and evaluation

Military training and good practice

Violent non-state groups

Human rights defenders

Early warning systems

Chapter 4: Women’s participation

The Women, Peace and Security Agenda

Peace processes

Chapter 5: Responding to victims and survivors

Prioritising the needs of the victim and survivor

A comprehensive and survivor-focused approach

Box 1: The needs of survivors


Box 2: Stigma experienced by women freed from Boko Haram

Evidence gaps

Vulnerability to further harms

Asylum seekers, refugees and internally displaced persons

Specifically targeted groups

Humanitarian crises

Box 3: Examples of recent emergencies where women and
girls have been exploited or abused

The Call to Action on Protecting Women and Girls in

Box 4: The Call to Action on Protecting Women and Girls in Emergencies

The World Humanitarian Summit

The role of local organisations

UK domestic policies

Chapter 6: Accountability and justice

Documentation and evidence gathering

Importance and purposes

The International Protocol on the Documentation and
Investigation of Sexual Violence in Conflict

Truth and reconciliation commissions

Capacity building for national judicial systems

Box 5: Impact of FCO national justice programmes

The Team of Experts

Violent non-state groups

Challenges in holding violent non-state groups accountable

The Government’s approach

Methods to hold violent non-state groups accountable

Iraq and Syria

Remedy and reparation

Chapter 7: Sexual violence by peacekeepers


Box 6: UN peacekeeping

UN reform efforts


Preventative measures

The UK’s approach

Box 7: The Government’s approach to peacekeeping

Chapter 8: Meetings with survivors

Meeting with Yazidi women

Meeting with Ms Polline Akello

Appendix 1: List of Members and declarations of interest

Appendix 2: List of witnesses

Appendix 3: Call for evidence

Appendix 4: Acronyms and glossary

Appendix 5: Timeline of major international and national policy developments

Appendix 6: Committee visit to the Democratic Republic of
Congo and Rwanda

Appendix 7: UN gender statistics by mission

Appendix 8: UN troop and police contributions

Appendix 9: Variations in conflict-related sexual violence:
selected cases

Appendix 10: Global spread of sexual violence in conflict since

Evidence is published online at and available for inspection at the Parliamentary Archives (020 7129 3074).

Q in footnotes refers to a question in oral evidence.

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