Select Committee on Communications
Growing up with the internet

2nd Report of Session 2016-17 - published 21 March 2017 - HL Paper 130



Summary of conclusions and recommendations

Chapter 1: Introduction

Our inquiry


Figure 1: Time online

Box 1: The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC)

Stages of childhood

Devices and services used by children

Figure 2: Devices used by children

Chapter 2: The anatomy of the internet

Figure 3: Internet value chain

Chapter 3: Interactions with the digital world


Digital Literacy

Box 2: Behavioural barriers preventing children from developing tech literacy skills and considering tech careers

Time online

Box 3: Too much screen time?

Time out function?

Distressing interactions and resilience

Online abuse and cyberbullying


Child sexual abuse

Body image

Importance as a support network

Digital resilience

Children’s rights and commercialisation

Children’s rights

Privacy and data protection

Box 4: Selection of provisions under the GDPR to enhance the protection of children’s personal data online

Box 5: Clearly written Terms and Conditions



Figure 4: Categories of adverts found on unauthorised sites

Chapter 4: Responsibilities and recommendations

Parents and carers

Regulators, law enforcement and civil society


Moderating and taking down content


Age verification and the Digital Economy Bill

Child-friendly design

Providing resources to improve digital literacy


Computer science and PSHE

Schools’ duty of care

Children as users


The Government

Appendix 1: List of Members and declarations of interest

Appendix 2: List of witnesses

Appendix 3: Call for evidence

Appendix 4: Development of children

Appendix 5: The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child

Appendix 6: The online and offline worlds

Appendix 7: Mumsnet forum, Committee visit and meeting with children

Appendix 8: Instagram Terms

Evidence is published online at and available for inspection at the Parliamentary Archives (020 7129 3074).

Q in footnotes refers to a question in oral evidence.

© Parliamentary copyright 2017