Building more homes Contents

Annex 2: Trends in population growth

Natural change

1.Natural change (births and deaths) accounted for an increase in the population of around 190,000 people per year on average since 2004:

Figure 15: Live births and deaths, England, 1991 to 2014

Line chart showing live births and deaths in England from 1991 to 2014

Source: Office for National Statistics, ‘Population and Health Reference Tables’, September 2015: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/populationandmigration/populationestimates/datasets/vitalstatisticspopulationandhealthreferencetables [accessed June 2016]

Longevity

2.The number of deaths fell faster in the 2000s than in the previous two decades, falling below 600,000 for the first time since the 1950s in 2004. As people are living longer, the number of deaths has remained below 600,000 a year (see Figure 15 above). In England, life expectancy for men at age 65 has increased from just over 14 years in 1991–93 to 18.8 years in 2012–14; for women, it has increased from 18 years to 21.2 years over the same period:

Figure 16: Life expectancy at age 65 in England, 1991–93 to 2012–14

Line chart showing life expectancy at age 65 in England from 1991/93 to 2012/14

Source: Office for National Statistics, ‘Life Expectancy at Birth and at Age 65 by Local Areas in England and Wales’, November 2015: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/lifeexpectancies/datasets/lifeexpectancyatbirthandatage65bylocalareasinenglandandwalesreferencetable1 [accessed July 2016]

Net migration

3.Net migration has increased the UK population by more than 240,000 people per year on average from 2004 to 2014:

Figure 17: UK immigration and emigration, 1991 to 2014

Line chart showing UK immigration and emigration from 1991 to 2014

Source: Office for National Statistics, ‘Migration Statistics Quarterly Report: May 2016’, May 2016: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/populationandmigration/internationalmigration/bulletins/migrationstatisticsquarterlyreport/may2016#net-migration-to-the-uk [accessed July 2016]





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