European Union Committee
Brexit: environment and climate change

12th Report of Session 2016-17 - published 14 February 2017 - HL Paper 109



Chapter 1: Introduction

Brexit and the environment

The EU Committee’s work

This report

Chapter 2: EU environmental legislation and action

The environmental acquis

Box 1: Components of EU legislation

Box 2: Key environment and climate change policies at the EU level

Enforcing the environmental acquis

Risks and opportunities

Chapter 3: The environment and the Great Repeal Bill

The Government’s commitment to environmental protection

Policy stability

The Great Repeal Bill

Box 3: The Great Repeal Bill

International law

Court of Justice of the European Union and case law

Mapping the challenge

Chapter 4: Enforcement of environmental law

Enforcement within the EU

The role of the Commission

The role of the Court of Justice of the European Union


UK judicial oversight

The need for additional enforcement

Chapter 5: Environmental implications of free trade with the EU

EEA membership

Free trade agreement

Box 4: The REACH Regulation

Enforcement under a free trade arrangement

Replacing current EU policies

Chapter 6: The drivers for alignment of standards and policy

Opportunities for the UK

Policy alignment: trade

Policy alignment: effective protection of the natural environment

Marine and aquatic environments

Air quality

Climate change

Box 5: EU Emissions Trading Scheme

Chapter 7: Influence

Influencing the EU

Influence during Brexit negotiations

Influence after Brexit

International influence on climate change

Chapter 8: Resources

Funding environment protection and climate change action

EU budget

The European Investment Bank

Access to information and research projects in the EU

Government resource

Chapter 9: Devolution and the environment

Alignment across the UK

Impact of policy divergence

Summary of conclusions and recommendations

Appendix 1: List of Members and declarations of interest

Appendix 2: List of witnesses

Appendix 3: Glossary

Evidence is published online at and available for inspection at the Parliamentary Archives (020 7129 3074).

Q in footnotes refers to a question in oral evidence.

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