European Union Committee
Brexit: agriculture

20th Report of Session 2016-17 - published 3 May 2017 - HL Paper 169



Chapter 1: Introduction

Agriculture and food in the UK

Agriculture and Brexit

This inquiry

Chapter 2: Withdrawing from the Common Agricultural Policy

The development of the Common Agricultural Policy

An opportunity for change

Immediate challenges

Conclusions and recommendations

Chapter 3: Future trade in agri-food products

Agri-food trade in the EU

Figure 1: Trade with the EU as percentage of total trade for key agricultural commodities

New trading relations

World Trade Organization and agriculture

The UK’s new WTO schedules of concessions

Tariff barriers

Box 1: Tariffs and the WTO

Figure 2: Average final bound tariff rates applied by the EU by broad category of goods

Tariff Rate Quotas (TRQs)

Splitting the Aggregate Measurement of Support (AMS)

Box 2: Domestic agricultural support

Conclusions and recommendations

Negotiating a UK-EU trade agreement

Priorities for trade with the EU

Tariff barriers and EU trade

Supply chains and agricultural inputs

Non-tariff barriers

Box 3: SPS and TBT Agreements

Box 4: Regulations and trade

Geographical indicators

Conclusions and recommendations

New market opportunities

Non-EU markets

Grandfathering existing FTAs

Domestic opportunities

Non-EU trade agreements and tariffs

Non-EU trade agreements and standards

Box 5: The beef hormone dispute

Conclusions and recommendations

Transitional arrangements

Conclusions and recommendations

Chapter 4: The regulatory framework

The agriculture acquis

Box 6: Objectives of the Common Agricultural Policy

Criticisms of the Common Agricultural Policy

Potential improvements


Conclusions and recommendations


Potential pan-UK policy framework

Implications for trade

Government commitments

Conclusions and recommendations

Regulatory transfer

Conclusions and recommendations

Institutional governance

Conclusions and recommendations

Chapter 5: Withdrawing from CAP financial support

Financial support

Box 7: CAP financial support

Reliance on funding

Table 1: CAP allocations in the UK 2014–2020

Funding in the context of Brexit

Level of funding

Funding objectives

International constraints

Competitiveness and CAP alignment

Conclusions and recommendations

Funding and devolution

Funding and the UK’s internal market

Conclusions and recommendations

Funding transition

Conclusions and recommendations

Chapter 6: Access to labour

Scale and scope of EU labour

Agricultural sectors affected

Nature of EU labour

Reasons for local labour shortage


Conclusions and recommendations

Filling the labour gap


Technological solutions

Conclusions and recommendations

Chapter 7: Resources

Pressure on Defra

Institutional capacity

Conclusions and recommendations

Summary of conclusions and recommendations

Appendix 1: List of Members and declarations of interest

Appendix 2: List of witnesses

Appendix 3: Glossary

Evidence is published online at and available for inspection at the Parliamentary Archives (020 7219 3074).

Q in footnotes refers to a question in oral evidence.

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