Nuclear research and technology: Breaking the cycle of indecision Contents

Appendix 3: Call for evidence

The House of Lords Science and Technology Select Committee, under the Chairmanship of Lord Selborne, is conducting an inquiry into Priorities for Nuclear Research and Technologies. The Committee invites interested individuals and organisations to submit evidence to this inquiry. The deadline for written evidence submissions is Friday 24 February 2017.


The Committee published a report Nuclear Research and Development Capabilities on 22 November 2011.171 Since the publication of that report the Government has accepted and acted on a number of the recommendations of the Committee. The Committee will now revisit some of the conclusions and recommendations of that report to investigate the developments that have taken place and what more needs to be done to ensure the UK can meet its future nuclear energy requirements. The Committee will look specifically at the upcoming decision on a small modular reactor (SMR) design for the UK; and the roles of the National Nuclear Laboratory (NNL) and the Nuclear Innovation and Research Advisory Board (NIRAB).


Small Modular Reactors

The inquiry will consider the upcoming Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy decision on opportunities for Small Modular Reactor (SMR) development and selection for the UK, the economic case for SMRs and the potential economic benefits to the UK by being an early adopter of this technology.

Small Modular Reactors (SMRs) are a relatively new technology for civil nuclear power generation. They are smaller than conventional nuclear reactors, with power outputs of around 300MWe or less. The modularity of SMRs means that much of the design and plant can be fabricated in a factory environment and transported to site. Globally there are some 45 designs at various stages of development, though none as yet are ready for deployment. They provide an opportunity to implement newer, passively safe designs and they offer financial and deployment-time advantages compared to largescale nuclear—owing to their modular design. There could be considerable export opportunities for SMRs. There are potential barriers to deployment of SMRs in the UK, however, including uncertainties in the economic case—which will be influenced by novelty of the adopted design or designs, regulatory hurdles, public acceptance and the cost of running potentially several nuclear licensed sites.

In March 2016 the Government launched an SMR Competition to identify the best value SMR design for the UK, and a decision on the winner is expected imminently. In parallel with this competition the Government intends to develop an SMR roadmap setting out the policy framework for SMRs to help the UK achieve its energy objectives.172

Governance and Nuclear Strategy

This inquiry will examine whether the current remit of the National Nuclear Laboratory (NNL) allows it to function with clarity and purpose benefitting the wider civil nuclear sector in the UK. This will include the ability of NNL to operate as a national laboratory through providing advice to Government on nuclear topics, driving innovation to address nuclear industry challenges, maintaining and growing the talent within nuclear research and development R&D, and providing the appropriate facility structure to support nuclear R&D programmes. The inquiry will examine what actions, if any, the Government needs to take in this area.

One of the recommendations of the Committee’s 2011 report led to the establishment of the Nuclear Innovation and Research Advisory Board (NIRAB) in 2014 as a temporary advisory board in accordance with Cabinet Office guidance. The role of NIRAB was to advise Ministers, Government Departments and Agencies on issues related to nuclear research and innovation in the UK and to ensure that public R&D programmes were aligned to support industrial and energy policy.173 Following the completion of its work it has now been disbanded, with its last meeting in December 2016, and no new body has taken its place.

The inquiry will collect evidence on the effectiveness of NIRAB and whether a permanent successor body needs to be established and if so what the role of this body should be and how it should be constituted.


The Committee invites submissions on the following points, with practical examples and other evidence where possible. Please only answer those questions of relevance to you. Please also do draw the Committee’s attention to any relevant issues not captured in the specific questions below:

1.Where if anywhere do you believe that responsibility should lie for ensuring that the UK has a coherent and consistent long term policy for civil nuclear activities including international collaboration and, within the UK, for cost-effective and efficient articulation of the different elements of nuclear work?

2.The Government’s industrial strategy green paper discusses a possible ‘sector deal’ for the nuclear sector.174 How might the nuclear sector benefit from such a sector deal? What might a deal involve and who would be the leadership organisations within the sector for such a deal?


3.What are the potential benefits, disadvantages and risks from the deployment of SMRs in the UK and more widely?

4.What is the scale of the global market opportunity for SMRs? What would the cost be if the UK does not take full advantage of the opportunities of SMRs?

5.Is the Government doing enough to fund research and development on SMRs, and to stimulate others to do so? Should it be doing more to coordinate UK actions including international engagement on SMR development and future deployment?

6.Are the criteria set out by the Government for the SMR competition appropriate? If not, what should the criteria be? What timescale should the Government be working to in choosing an appropriate SMR design for the UK?

7.Should the UK be involved in the development of Gen IV technology? If so, what funding and support should be put in place to place to help the UK establish a world leading position? Should our activity include development of one or more test reactors?


8.Is the NNL fulfilling its remit appropriately? Can it deliver the required research to support the UK’s future nuclear energy policies? How does it compare to equivalent organisations in other countries?

9.Is the remit of the National Nuclear Laboratory (NNL) suitable to provide research and development support to the UK nuclear sector? Is the current funding and governance model for the NNL appropriate to its role and remit?

10.Is there sufficient co-ordination between the bodies involved in nuclear research and, if not, how should it be improved? Who has oversight of the whole nuclear R&D landscape, including international activities?

11.Was the Nuclear Innovation and Research Advisory Board successful in carrying out its role? Is a permanent successor body to NIRAB required? If yes, what form should this body take and what should its role and remit be?

26 January 2017

171 Science and Technology Committee, Nuclear Research and Development Capabilities (3rd Report, Session 2010–12, HL Paper 221)

172 BEIS, Small Modular Reactors Competition Phase One (March 2016): [accessed 21 April 2017]

173 NIRAB, ‘About NIRAB’: [accessed 25 April 2017]

174 Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, Building our Industrial Strategy (January 2017): [accessed 21 April 2017]

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