Select Committee on Citizenship and Civic Engagement
The Ties that Bind: Citizenship and Civic Engagement in the 21st Century

Report of Session 2017-19 - published 18 April 2018 - HL Paper 118



Chapter 1: Introduction

The civic journey

The Government’s Integrated Communities Strategy Green Paper

The devolved administrations

A note on terminology

And finally …

Chapter 2: Values—the red lines

Civic Values

Naming our Values

What do we value?

Valuing cross-Government co-ordination

Shared British Values and counter-extremism

The role of faith schools

Chapter 3: Education—the key building block

The Importance of Citizenship

A short history of citizenship education

Character education

The decline of the subject

Citizenship GCSE

Improving the status of the subject

Are there sufficient trained teachers?

Understanding the subject

Box 1: Good practice in citizenship education

Thinking for the long term

Chapter 4: The National Citizen Service—increasing the impact


A broader concept for citizenship

The place of the National Citizen Service within the citizenship journey

Chapter 5: Civil Society—the glue that binds us together


What do the statistics tell us?

Figure 1: Average daily minutes provided for volunteering, by age category and gender, UK, 2000 and 2015

Figure 2: Change in volunteering participation rates, by equivalised household income band and by age, 2012/13 to 2015/16

Figure 3: Average daily minutes of volunteering provided by gender and equivalised household income band, UK, 2015

Ensuring volunteers are thanked

Miscommunication in the Social Security system

Finding places to meet

How employers can help

The specific challenges of disability


The Government’s approach to the voluntary sector

Improving the commissioning process

Chapter 6: Democratic Engagement—improving connectivity

A new culture

Figure 4: Turnout at a General Election 1918–2017

The importance of registering to vote

Identity and registering to vote

A role for universities, colleges and schools

Engaging with Government (at any level) and Parliament

How Government listens

How the Government talks to you

How citizens and Government collaborate

Box 2: Example of engagement and consultation

Support for disabled citizens

Votes at 16

Chapter 7: Integration through participation


Some figures

The Casey Review

The Disadvantaged

Box 3: Key findings of the Social Mobility Report 2017

The Controlling Migration Fund

Older people and disabled people

Integration projects—an overseas experience

The role of sport, the arts and music

Reaching out past the gatekeepers

Integration of women

Discrimination against Muslim women

Patriarchy, misogyny and forced marriages

Steps in the right direction

Diversity amongst charity trustees


Box 4: Successful operation of Prevent

Chapter 8: English—the common thread


The scale of the problem

Table 1: English spoken by two minority communities in March 2011

English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL)

Box 5: Profile of adult ESOL learners in 2012–13

Problems accessing ESOL classes

Combining ESOL with citizenship learning

Providing funding for ESOL

Box 6: Government ESOL funding 2009–2016

Box 7: Findings of research by Refugee Action

Translation and interpretation

A new strategy for English Language in England

Chapter 9: Naturalisation—facilitating inclusion


What is “good character”?

Proving a knowledge of English

Improving the Citizenship Test: Life in the UK

Box 8: “Life in the UK”: some criticisms

Box 9: Views on the Life in the UK Test from research by Dr Leah Bassel

The citizenship ceremony

The high cost of naturalisation

Acquisition of citizenship by registration

Summary of conclusions and recommendations

Appendix 1: List of Members and declarations of interest

Appendix 2: List of witnesses

Appendix 3: Call for evidence and web forum

Appendix 4: Terms of reference

Appendix 5: Note of visit to Westminster City Hall

Appendix 6: Note of visit to Clacton-on-Sea

Appendix 7: Note of visit to Sheffield

Appendix 8: Meeting with young people

Appendix 9: Acronyms and abbreviations

Evidence is published online at and available for inspection at the Parliamentary Archives (020 7129 3074).

Q in footnotes refers to a question in oral evidence.

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