Post-school education: all learning and teaching that takes place after the completion of compulsory education.
Higher education: all education and training at Levels 4, 5 and above whether carried out in universities, further education colleges or as part of an apprenticeship.
Further education: all education and training below Level 4 carried out in further education colleges and universities. Education in schools is not included in further education.
Qualification levels: The Qualifications Framework define and link the levels of different types of qualification. There are currently eight levels of qualification as set out below:
Scope of report: responsibility for higher and further education is devolved. Apprenticeship policy in general is also a devolved matter. An exception to this is the apprenticeship levy which is a UK-wide policy, but administration of funds collected through the levy is devolved to Scotland and Wales. This report therefore only covers higher and further education and apprenticeships in England.