European Union law provides general rules for farm animal welfare on-farm, during transport and at slaughter.
Key Directives and Regulations are:
The EU has also set out detailed standards for specific livestock species:
Other relevant legislation:
Beyond this, a large body of EU legislation with varying degrees of relevance to farm animal welfare exists, including legislation on disease management and prevention, method of production labelling and the Common Agricultural Policy.
178 Council Directive 98/58/EC on 20 July 1998 concerning the protection of animals kept for farming purposes (, 8 August 1998)
179 Transposed through The Welfare of Farmed Animals (England) Regulations 2007 () and The Welfare of Farmed Animals (England) (Amendment) Regulations 2010. Similar transpositions have occurred across the devolved nations.
180 Council Regulation (EC) No 1/2005 of 22 December 2004 on the protection of animals during transport and related operations and amending Directives 64/432/EEC and 93/119/EC and Regulation (EC) No 1255/97 (, 5 January 2005)
181 Directly applicable in UK law, though provisions regarding enforcement in England are carried out through The Welfare of Animals (Transport) (England) Order 2006 ()
182 Council Regulation (EC) No 1099/2009 of 24 September 2009 on the protection of animals at the time of killing (, 18 November 2009)
183 Elements such as enforcement are carried out through The Welfare of Animals at the Time of Killing (England) Regulations 2015 () (WATOK). WATOK retains many UK provisions that were enacted before, and are stronger than, those in Regulation (EC) No 1099/2009 ( 18 November 2009).
184 Council Directive 1999/74/EC of 19 July 1999 laying down minimum standards for the protection of laying hens 3 August 1999)
185 Council Directive 2007/43/EC of 28 June 2007 laying down minimum rules for the protection of chickens kept for meat production ( 12 July 2007)
186 Council Directive 2008/119/EC of 18 December 2008 laying down minimum standards for the protection of calves (Codified version) ( 15 January 2009)
187 Council Directive 2008/120/EC of 18 December 2008 laying down minimum standards for the protection of pigs (Codified version) ( 18 February 2009)
189 The Mutilations (Permitted Procedures) (England) Regulations 2007 (SI ) and The Mutilations (Permitted Procedures) (England) (Amendment) Regulations 2010 ()
190 Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 of 28 June 2007 on organic production and labelling of organic products and repealing Regulation (EEC) No 2092/91 ( 20 July 2007)
191 Commission Regulation (EC) No 889/2008 of 5 September 2008 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 on organic production and labelling of organic products with regard to organic production, labelling and control ( 18 September 2008)
192 Council Decision of 17 December 1999 concerning the placing on the market and administration of bovine somatotrophin (BST) and repealing Decision 90/218/EEC (23 December 1999)
193 Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on official controls performed to ensure the verification of compliance with feed and food law, animal health and animal welfare rules ( 30 April 2004)