European Union Committee
Brexit: energy security

10th Report of Session 2017-19 - published 29 January 2018 - HL Paper 63



Chapter 1: Introduction

Energy and Brexit

This inquiry

Chapter 2: EU energy policy

Development of EU energy policy

Energy competence

Box 1: EU and Member State energy competence

Post-Brexit policy opportunities

Chapter 3: Energy system fundamentals

Energy security

Cost to consumers


Chapter 4: Labour in the energy sector

EU workers in the energy sector

Energy engineers

Nuclear industry workforce

Skill level

Chapter 5: Energy trade

Value of energy trading

Internal Energy Market

Box 2: Internal Energy Market

Scope and effect

Associated legislation

Future participation


Current levels of interconnection and the benefit case

Figure 1: Map of UK gas and electricity interconnectors

Brexit challenges to interconnection

Trade tariffs

Chapter 6: Influence and cooperation

UK-EU policy divergence

Maintaining influence

EU energy bodies


Non-EU bodies

Research and collaboration

Box 4: Horizon 2020

Chapter 7: Investment

Scale and sources of energy investment

European Investment Bank

Box 5: European Investment Bank

Connecting Europe Facility and Projects of Common Interest

Box 6: Connecting Europe Facility and Projects of Common Interest

Investor certainty

Chapter 8: The island of Ireland

Ireland’s energy relationship with Great Britain

Integrated Single Electricity Market

Box 7: Integrated Single Electricity Market

Value of the I-SEM

Challenges to maintaining the I-SEM

North-South interconnector

Chapter 9: Euratom

Scope and role of Euratom

Box 8: Euratom


Nuclear Cooperation Agreements

Nuclear common market

Nuclear research and development


Box 9: JET and ITER

Future arrangements

Enduring membership

Contingency arrangements

Chapter 10: Energy relationship models

Norway-EU energy relationship

Switzerland-EU energy relationship

Applicability to the UK

Summary of conclusions and recommendations

Appendix 1: List of Members and declarations of interest

Appendix 2: List of witnesses

Appendix 3: Glossary

Evidence is published online at and available for inspection at the Parliamentary Archives (020 7219 3074).

Q in footnotes refers to a question in oral evidence.

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