Select Committee on Intergenerational Fairness and Provision
Tackling intergenerational unfairness

Report of Session 2017-19 - published 25 April 2019 - HL Paper 329



Chapter 1: Introduction

Intergenerational fairness and provision

Looking forward and taking a lifecourse approach

The Committee’s work and acknowledgements

Chapter 2: Accounting for the future

Improving governmental processes

Data on intergenerational fairness

Chapter 3: The housing challenge

The rising cost of housing

Figure 1: Proportion of income spent on housing costs by generations: GB

Figure 2: Generational home ownership rates by age: UK

Housing supply

Figure 3: Trends in tenure (proportions), 1980 to 2017–18

The private rented sector

Intergenerational transfers and financial products

Development of public sector land

Box 1: Proposed reform of public land development

The capacity of local authorities to deal with planning issues

Housing for older generations

Planning for each generation

Chapter 4: Educating generations for the 100-year life

Education in schools

Further Education

Box 2: Changes in apprenticeship policy since 2015

Higher Education

Lifelong learning

Chapter 5: Working in the 100-year life

Pay progression

Figure 4: Median real weekly employee pay (CPIH-adjusted to 2017 prices), by age and cohort: UK, 1975–2017

Insecurity of the job market

Box 3: Common job market terms

Flexible working and mid-life career reviews


Figure 5: Age 65+ UK Employment Rate, 1992–2018

Box 4: EHRC definition of ageism

Chapter 6: All-age communities as drivers of intergenerational fairness

The negative social consequences of age segregation

Figure 6: Reported frequency of loneliness by tenure (proportion)

The power of community action

Box 5: Innovative ways community run activities are tackling intergenerational divides

Facilitating community activity

Box 6: Community assets

Box 7: Community libraries

Chapter 7: Intergenerational taxation

Distribution of income and wealth

Figure 7: Average net effect of the tax and spending by age of household representative

Figure 8: Total direct and indirect taxation by age of household representative

Table 1: Median income after housing costs by household type adjusted for household size (2015/16–2017/18)

Table 2: Median total household wealth by household type 2014 to 2016

Age-related benefits

National Insurance

Property taxes

Inheritance Tax

Summary of conclusions and recommendations

Appendix 1: List of Members and declarations of interest

Appendix 2: List of witnesses

Appendix 3: Call for evidence

Appendix 4: Note of Committee visit to Doncaster: 14 November 2018

Appendix 5: Contact Group for the Inquiry

Appendix 6: Acronyms and abbreviations

Evidence is published online at and available for inspection at the Parliamentary Archives (020 7219 3074).

Q in footnotes refers to a question in oral evidence.

© Parliamentary copyright 2019