Communications and Digital Committee
Breaking News? The Future of UK Journalism

1st Report of Session 2019-21 - published 27 November 2020 - HL Paper 176



Chapter 1: Introduction

Figure 1: Average circulation per issue, UK national newspapers and regional publications

Figure 2: Average circulation per issue, UK consumer magazines

Box 1: The Cairncross Review and the Government’s response

Chapter 2: The changing production and consumption of journalism


The news market

Figure 3: Advertising expenditure 2011–19, UK

Figure 4: Advertising expenditure 2011–19, UK


Differences in the industry

Box 2: Citizen journalism

Trust in journalism

Figure 5: Trust in different occupations (per cent of population)

Figure 6: Trust in media (per cent of population, 2019)

Figure 7: Brand trust scores, 2019


Figure 8: UK Twitter v non-Twitter users by age

Figure 9: UK Twitter v non-Twitter users by education

Media literacy

Box 3: CLEMI

Relevance to communities

Court reporting

Chapter 3: Journalism as a career


Table 1: Number of journalists by employment type

Table 2: Percentage breakdown of journalists working in each area

Educational background of journalists

Freelance journalists

Chapter 4: A sustainable future for journalism

Online platforms


Figure 10: Digital ad spend in the UK as a share of total

advertising revenue (in 2019 prices)

Box 4: The open display advertising market

Figure 11: Google’s roles in advertising intermediation

Box 5: Regulating in a Digital World

Platforms’ use of news

Table 3: Sources of website traffic for online publishers

Encouraging pluralism

Innovation funding

Box 6: Journalism funding schemes

Local Democracy Reporting Service

The BBC’s effect on pluralism

Table 4: Use of news sources, 2020

Charitable status

Box 7: Charitable status criteria

Summary of conclusions and recommendations

Appendix 1: List of Members and declarations of interest

Appendix 2: List of witnesses

Appendix 3: Call for evidence

Evidence is published online at and available for inspection at the Parliamentary Archives (020 7219 3074).

Q in footnotes refers to a question in oral evidence.

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