European Union Committee
Beyond Brexit: the institutional framework

21st Report of Session 2019-21 - published 22 March 2021 - HL Paper 246



Chapter 1: The story so far

The Trade and Cooperation Agreement

The work of the European Union Committee

The European Union Committee, 1974–2021

This report and its four companion reports

Chapter 2: Purpose, scope and underlying principles

Purpose, essential elements and termination

Unfinished business

Figure 1: Forthcoming UK-EU timetables and deadlines

Territorial scope

The Crown Dependencies

The Overseas Territories

Domestic and international law

Safeguard measures


Chapter 3: The institutional framework

The Partnership Council, its committees and working groups

The governance structure

Figure 2: The governance architecture of the EU-UK relationship

All very well in theory …

Powers and procedures


Parliamentary and civil society structures

The Parliamentary Partnership Assembly

Parliamentary scrutiny

Civil society engagement


Chapter 4: Dispute settlement


The TCA and the role of the Court of Justice of the European Union

Dispute resolution under the TCA

Figure 3: Trade and Cooperation Agreement: Part Six, dispute settlement provisions


The level playing field and ‘rebalancing measures’

Law enforcement and judicial cooperation in criminal matters

Access to justice


Chapter 5: The future of UK-EU relations

The path ahead


Summary of conclusions and recommendations

Appendix 1: List of Members and declarations of interest

Appendix 2: List of witnesses

Evidence is published online at and available for inspection at the Parliamentary Archives (020 7219 3074).

Q in footnotes refers to a question in oral evidence.

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