Built Environment Committee
Meeting housing demand

1st Report of Session 2021-22 - published 10 January 2022 - HL Paper 132



Summary of conclusions and recommendations

Chapter 1: Introduction

Box 1: Examples of previous reports addressing housing issues

Table 1: Housing Ministers between 2001 and 2021

Chapter 2: Housing demand and demographic trends

Demographic trends

Ageing population

Household projections

Figure 1: Projected number of households by age of household reference person, England

International migration

Internal migration

Assessing housing demand

Need v demand

Housing target of 300,000 net additions annually

Is the target suitable?

Is the target achievable?

Figure 2: UK Housing completions and house prices in a historical context

Table 2: Key housebuilding sectors

Chapter 3: Housing types and tenures

Figure 3: Trends in tenure (proportions)



Figure 4: House price affordability ratios, England and Wales

Figure 5: House price affordability ratios, Greater London

Figure 6: Average UK house prices

Government support for home ownership

Private rented sector


Table 3: Average monthly housing costs by region

Quality and conditions


Build to rent

Social housing

Box 2: Types of social housing

Building new social housing

Figure 7: Additional affordable homes provided by tenure

Figure 8: New social housing completions

Social housing need

Affordable Homes Programme

Homes for older people

Box 3: International housing-with-care best practice

Box 4: New Ground co-housing community, High Barnet

Chapter 4: SME housebuilders

Figure 9: Output by size of housebuilder

Advantages of a diverse and competitive housebuilding market

Addressing the barriers

Planning system

Land availability


Chapter 5: Planning

Local plans and zoning

The Government’s proposals

Box 5: Zoning proposal definitions

Improving local plan making

Community engagement

Neighbourhood planning

Infrastructure funding and land value capture

Table 4: Illustrative Community Infrastructure Levy rates by local authority

Figure 10: Social rent supply by funding source and proportion delivered by all Section 106 Agreements

Limitations of section 106

The Government’s proposals

Land availability and land costs

Brownfield development

Figure 11: Regional comparison of household projections and estimated housing capacity on brownfield sites

Development around railway stations

Box 6: Development of land around the Manchester city region

Permitted development rights

Chapter 6: Local planning authorities

Capacity and resourcing

Housing targets and the ‘standard method’

Figure 12: Overall completions relative to housing need or number of homes planned for

Build out and delivery

Figure 13: Timeline for the delivery of strategic housing sites

Chapter 7: Skills shortages


Construction Industry Training Board

Table 5: Hourly salary rates for skilled construction and building trades

Planning and design skills

Digital skills

Apprenticeship Levy


Box 7: Welsh Built Environment GCSE

Chapter 8: Design and quality

Design codes

Box 8: National Design Code: ten characteristics of well-designed places

Box 9: King’s Cross Central development

Box 10: Eddington development, Cambridge


Modern Methods of Construction

Box 11: Berkeley Modular factory in Ebbsfleet, Kent

Meeting housing demand

Appendix 1: List of Members and declarations of interest

Appendix 2: List of witnesses

Appendix 3: Call for evidence

Appendix 4: Committee visit to the London Borough of Southwark

Appendix 5: Committee visit to St Modwen, Wantage, Kingsgrove

Evidence is published online at https://committees.parliament.uk/work/1328/meeting-the-uks-housing-demand/publications/ and available for inspection at the Parliamentary Archives (020 7219 3074).

Q in footnotes refers to a question in oral evidence.

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