Select Committee on the Constitution
Respect and Co-operation: Building a Stronger Union for the 21st century

10th Report of Session 2021-22 - published 20 January 2022 - HL Paper 142



Chapter 1: Introduction

Introductory remarks


Chapter 2: State of the Union


Union of nations

The Union and devolution

The Union’s purpose in the 21st century

Challenges for the Union



Political context

Public opinion

The Government’s strategy to strengthen the Union

Chapter 3: Parliamentary sovereignty

Political conceptions of sovereignty

Chapter 4: Sewel convention


Legislative consent process

Sewel convention under strain

Possible reforms to the legislative consent process

The role of the courts?

Parliamentary scrutiny

Northern Ireland

English Votes for English Laws

Chapter 5: Intergovernmental relations


Review of intergovernmental relations

Table 1: Comparison of Dunlop review recommendations and the outcome of the review of intergovernmental relations

Culture of mutual respect, partnership and co-operation

Mutual respect

Co-operation and partnership


Involvement of the devolved administrations in international trade agreements

A statutory basis for intergovernmental relations?

Transparency and accountability

Chapter 6: Interparliamentary relations


Renewed interparliamentary engagement

New interparliamentary forum

Chapter 7: The governance of England

Representation of England in the Union

Devolution within England

Levelling up

Public support for devolution within England

A framework for further devolution within England?

Capacity and capability


Box 1: Sub-national governance in England

Dialogue between central and local government

Chapter 8: Whitehall

The machinery of government and devolution

Box 2: Changes to machinery of government concerning devolution: 1999–2021

New Secretary of State

The Cabinet Union Strategy Committee

UK Governance Group

Relocation of Government departments

Civil service training and secondments

Chapter 9: Funding arrangements

The Barnett Formula

Fiscal devolution

Funding arrangements within England

Shared Prosperity Fund

Co-operation with devolved institutions

Chapter 10: The Union’s purpose and potential in the 21st century

Summary of conclusions and recommendations

Appendix 1: List of Members and declarations of interest

Appendix 2: List of witnesses

Appendix 3: Call for evidence

Appendix 4: Devolution commissions and agreements

Table 2: Devolution commissions and agreements since 1997

Appendix 5: Overview of the UK’s devolution arrangements

Table 3: Overview of reserved/excepted, shared and devolved/transferred powers in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland

Table 4: Overview of devolved authorities in England

Appendix 6: Legislative consent motions since 1999

Table 5: Scottish Parliament

Table 6: Senedd Cymru

Table 7: Northern Ireland Assembly

Appendix 7: Dunlop review recommendations and government responses

Table 8: Review recommendations and Goverment Responses

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Q in footnotes refers to a question in oral evidence.

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