Science and Technology Committee
Battery strategy goes flat: Net-zero target at risk

1st Report of Session 2021-22 - published 27 July 2021 - HL Paper 53

Contents

Summary

Chapter 1: Introduction

Overview

Structure of report

Technical terms and useful data

Table 1: Technical terms and useful data

Chapter 2: Applications of batteries and fuel cells

Overview

UK energy supply and demand

Box 1: Energy and power

Figure 1: Scenarios of future electricity demand and

generation mix

Figure 2: Potential hydrogen demand and production in 2050

Transport applications

Road transport

Rail

Shipping

Aviation

Stationary applications

Energy storage for electricity systems

Fuel cells for power and heat

Expectations and acceptance

Infrastructure

Performance

Cost

Safety

Environmental impacts

Chapter 3: Technological developments

Batteries

Basic operation

Figure 3: Structure and operation of a battery

Box 2: Structure and operation of a cell

Table 2: Battery parameters

Lithium-ion batteries

Next-generation batteries

UK research and development

Fuel cells

Basic operation

Figure 4: Structure and operation of a fuel cell

Box 3: Structure and operation of a fuel cell

Current technologies

Table 3: Types of fuel cell technology

Developments and innovation

UK research and development

Chapter 4: Strategic issues facing the UK

Battery sector

Automotive sector

Box 4: Gigafactories

Stationary storage

Fuel cell sector

International context

UK market expansion

Cross-cutting issues

Skills and training

Critical raw materials and recycling

Investment

Progress of the transition

Figure 5: Timeline of key deadlines and decisions

Summary of Conclusions and recommendations

Appendix 1: List of members and declarations of interest

Appendix 2: List of witnesses

Appendix 3: Call for evidence

Appendix 4: Abbreviations, acronyms and technical terms

Evidence is published online at https://committees.parliament.uk/work/1083/role-of-batteries-and-fuel-cells-in-achieving-net-zero/publications/ and available for inspection at the Parliamentary Archives (020 7219 3074).

Q in footnotes refers to a question in oral evidence.





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