Environment and Climate Change Committee
An extraordinary challenge: Restoring 30 per cent of our land and sea by 2030

2nd Report of Session 2022-23 - published 26 July 2023 - HL Paper 234



Chapter 1: Introduction

Our inquiry

Structure of this report

Types of designations

Figure 1: Illustrative diagram of the hierarchies of terrestrial protection

Table 1: Designations on land in England by area covered (hectarage figures quoted to the nearest 1,000 hectares)

Table 2: Protected areas at sea

Chapter 2: The 30 by 30 target: current context and progress

Backdrop to 30 by 30

Current progress towards 30 by 30

EU Habitats Regulations

Protection and monitoring approach

Chapter 3: Protected areas on land and 30 by 30

Monitoring of SSSIs

Condition of SSSIs

Criteria for meeting 30 by 30

Threats to SSSI condition

Connecting protected areas

Collaborative approach to 30 by 30

Partnership working

Devolved nations and the overseas territories

Citizen science

Public engagement

Chapter 4: Other areas and mechanisms that could contribute to nature recovery and biodiversity

National Parks and AONBs

OECMs and Local Wildlife Sites

Environmental Land Management Schemes

Farming in Protected Landscapes & beyond

Biodiversity Net Gain

Local Nature Partnerships

Local Nature Recovery Strategies

Chapter 5: Protected areas at sea and 30 by 30

Current monitoring processes at sea

Availability of marine monitoring data

Threats at sea

Strength of protection at sea

Highly Protected Marine Areas (HPMAs)

Summary of conclusions and recommendations

Appendix 1: List of Members and Declarations of Interest

Appendix 2: List of witnesses

Appendix 3: Protected areas tables

Table 3: Designations on land with a nature conservation purpose

Table 4: Other types of designations and areas on land

Table 5: Designations at sea with a nature conservation purpose

Table 6: Monitoring systems and condition statuses for designations on land with a nature conservation purpose

Appendix 4: Glossary

Evidence is published online at https://committees.parliament.uk/work/7322/protected-areas/publications/ and available for inspection at the Parliamentary Archives (020 7219 3074).

Q in footnotes refers to a question in oral evidence.

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