Eurropean Affairs Committee
Report from the Sub-Committee on the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland: The Windsor Framework

7th Report of Session 2022-23 - published 25 July 2023 - HL Paper 237

Contents

Summary

Chapter 1: The political context

Political developments since June 2022

Table 1: Forthcoming dates for implementation and operation of aspects of the Windsor Framework

The work of the Sub-Committee

This inquiry

Chapter 2: The overall impact of the Windsor Framework

The UK and EU positions

Box 1: The UK and EU positions

Evidence received

Business representatives

Northern Ireland experts and key stakeholders

Comparing the UK and EU descriptions of the Windsor Framework

Conclusions

Chapter 3: The movement of goods

The green and red lanes; and movement of agri-food products

The UK and EU positions

Box 2: The UK and EU positions

Evidence received from academic and trade experts, and Northern Ireland stakeholders

Evidence received from business representatives

Publication of Government guidance

Conclusions

Labelling

The UK and EU positions

Box 3: The UK and EU positions

Evidence received

Publication of Government guidance

Conclusions

Tariff Rate Quotas (TRQs)

The UK and EU positions

Box 4: The UK and EU positions

Evidence received

Conclusion

Parcels

The UK and EU positions

Box 5: The UK and EU positions

Evidence received

Publication of Government guidance

Conclusions

Plants, seeds, machinery and trees

The UK and EU positions

Box 6: The UK and EU positions

Evidence received

Conclusion

Chapter 4: Human and veterinary medicines, and movement of pets

Human medicines

The UK and EU positions

Box 7: The UK and EU positions

Evidence received

Publication of Government guidance

Conclusions

Veterinary medicines

The UK and EU positions

Box 8: The UK and EU positions

Evidence received

Potential solutions

Conclusions

Movement of pets

The UK and EU positions

Box 9: The UK and EU positions

Evidence received

Conclusions

Chapter 5: VAT, excise and State aid

VAT and excise

The UK and EU positions

Box 10: The UK and EU positions

Evidence received

Conclusions

State aid

The UK and EU positions

Box 11: The UK and EU positions

Evidence received

Publication of UK and EU guidance

Conclusions

Chapter 6: The UK internal market, the EU Single Market for goods, regulatory divergence and the application of EU law

Northern Ireland’s place in the UK internal market and access to the EU Single Market for goods

Overview

Box 12: The UK and EU positions

Table 2: Northern Ireland sales and purchases of goods, 2021

Evidence received

Conclusions

Regulatory divergence

The UK and EU positions

Box 13: The UK and EU positions

Evidence received

Conclusions

The application of EU law in Northern Ireland

The Government’s position

Box 14: The Government’s position

Evidence received

Conclusions

Chapter 7: The democratic deficit, the Stormont Brake and the Belfast/Good Friday Agreement

The Windsor Framework and the democratic deficit

The Stormont Brake

The UK and EU positions

Box 15: The UK and EU positions

Figure 1: The Stormont Brake mechanism

The Windsor Framework (Democratic Scrutiny) Regulations 2023

Evidence received

Conclusions

The Windsor Framework and the Belfast/Good Friday Agreement

The UK and EU positions

Box 16: The UK and EU positions

Evidence received

Conclusion

Chapter 8: The role of the Court of Justice of the European Union

The UK and EU positions

Box 17: The UK and EU positions

Evidence received

Conclusion

Chapter 9: Dialogue and engagement

Overview

The UK and EU positions

Box 18: The UK and EU positions

Evidence received

Independent review into the functioning of the Windsor Framework

Conclusions

Summary of conclusions and recommendations

Appendix 1: List of Members and declarations of interest

Appendix 2: List of witnesses

Appendix 3: Call for evidence

Appendix 4: Note of virtual seminar on the democratic deficit in relation to the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland, 1 March 2023

Appendix 5: Note of roundtable seminar with Brussels-based business stakeholders, 25 May 2023, Brussels

Evidence is published online at https://committees.parliament.uk/work/7372/windsor-framework/publications/ and available for inspection at the Parliamentary Archives (020 7219 3074).

Q in footnotes refers to a question in oral evidence.





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