Science and Technology Committee
"Science and technology superpower": more than a slogan?

1st Report of Session 2022-23 - published 4 August 2022 - HL Paper 47

Summary

Chapter 1: Introduction

Chapter 2: Defining a science and technology strategy

The Government’s strategy

Priorities of a UK science and technology strategy

How directive will the Government be?

The benefits of clear targets

Consolidating other strategies

Importance of a long-term strategy

International science and technology strategy

Own–collaborate–access

Box 1: The own–collaborate–access framework

International collaboration

Brexit and Horizon Europe

Official Development Assistance

Organisations to deliver a UK science and technology strategy

National Science and Technology Council and Office for Science and Technology Strategy

Figure 1: Organogram of bodies related to science and technology

UK Research and Innovation

Government departments

Table 1: Departmental capital budgets for research and development (R&D)

Figure 2: UK Government R&D funding by delivery body (2019)

Science advice in Government

Box 2: Realising our ambition through science: A review of Government science capability

Science and technology in the civil service

Chapter 3: The 2.4% target

Research intensity targets

Figure 3: International comparison of research intensity (OECD average and selected countries)

Meeting and explaining the 2.4% target

Private sector investment in research and development

Figure 4: International R&D spending in the private and public sectors

Figure 5: Private sector expenditure on R&D as a percentage of GDP in the UK

Government levers to increase research and development spending

Tax credits

Pension funds

Role of regulation

Public procurement

Industry engagement

Services sector and the structure of the UK economy

Table 2: UK Companies investing in R&D in 2019

Figure 6: Annual R&D spending by sector in the UK. (Figures in £ billions)

Scale-up funding

The Government as an investor

Investment at later technology readiness levels

Figure 7: Technology Readiness Levels

Chapter 4: Key findings

Table 3: Summary of key findings

Summary of conclusions and recommendations

Appendix 1: List of members and declarations of interest

Appendix 2: List of witnesses

Appendix 3: Call for evidence





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