Environment and Climate Change Committee
EV strategy: rapid recharge needed

1st Report of Session 2023-24 - published 6 February 2024 - HL Paper 51

Contents

Summary

Chapter 1: Introduction

Table 1: Estimated UK greenhouse gas emissions from a range of sectors in 2021

Structure of this report

Chapter 2: Strategic approach and public messaging

Messaging and communication

Table 2: Comparing CO2 emissions of diesel, petrol and EV vehicles by car size

Political priority and Government coordination

Chapter 3: Acquiring an EV

Purchasing new EVs

Table 3: New EV car registrations in January–November 2023 by country

A lack of affordable EVs

Figure 1: Sales of sports-utility vehicles (SUVs) as a proportion of all new car sales

Incentives

Purchasing used EVs

Table 4: Used car transactions: market share by fuel type

Leasing

Figure 2: Auto Trader projections of cars registered through 2032

Salary sacrifice and benefit in kind schemes

Box 1: Salary sacrifice and benefit in kind

Taxation

Figure 3: Comparison of the tax incentivisation of petrol and electric vehicles across Europe (private ownership)

Figure 4: Comparison of the tax incentivisation of petrol and electric vehicles across Europe (corporate ownership)

Micromobility and L-category vehicles

Box 2: Micromobility and L-category vehicles

Car clubs

Box 3: Car clubs

Upfront versus lifetime costs

Figure 5: Changes in per-mile cost of driving, for a typical fossil-fuelled and electric car

Safety and insurance

Chapter 4: EV charging

Targets, Government action and progress

Regional, urban and rural distribution

Figure 6: Change in ratio of cars to public chargepoints across the UK 2019–2022

Table 5: The top 10 areas with the highest number of devices per 100,000 people by Local Authority and the bottom 10 areas with the lowest number of devices per 100,000 people by local authority

Different types of chargepoints

Table 6 Change in number of public chargepoints from August 2022–August 2023

The rollout of charging infrastructure

The role of local authorities

Destination charging

Multi-occupancy buildings

Motorway charging

Planning regulation and barriers to delivery

The cost of charging

Charging costs relative to petrol refuelling

Figure 7: The cost of EV charging versus petrol fuelling for an 8,000-mile driver of both vehicles

Charging costs: home versus rapid

Smart charging and Vehicle-to-grid technology

Smart charging

Vehicle-to-grid technology

Consumer issues and public chargepoint regulations

The Public Charge Point Regulations 2023

Accessibility of chargepoints

The role of the Grid and Distribution Network Operators

The transmission network

The distribution network

Chapter 5: EV end-of-life management and recycling

Readiness of the UK waste management industry for EV dismantling and recycling

Producer responsibility regulations

Box 4: Relevant battery recycling regulations

EV battery reuse

EV battery recycling

Battery gigafactories

Regulatory reform

Government coordination

Summary of conclusions and recommendations

Appendix 1: List of Members and declarations of interest

Appendix 2: List of witnesses

Appendix 3: Call for evidence

Appendix 4: High level summary of engagement activity in this inquiry

Appendix 5: Glossary

Evidence is published online at https://committees.parliament.uk/work/7846/electric-vehicles/ and available for inspection at the Parliamentary Archives (020 7219 3074).

Q in footnotes refers to a question in oral evidence.





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